State of Pennsylvania Historical Facts. Philadelphia was founded in 1682, and quickly grew into the largest city in colonial America. The Pennsylvanian Period lasted from 320 to 286 million years ago. A Welsh member of England?s Privy Council objected, so Penn called it Sylvania (woods). Its biggest city of Philadelphia was once the capital of the United States. Penn's goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. Pennsylvania is 170 miles (274 km) north to south and 283 miles (455 km) east to west. In 1712, the trade of enslaved people was outlawed in Pennsylvania. The Articles of Confederation were also drafted in Pennsylvania, the document that formed the basis of the new Confederation that was created at the end of the Revolutionary War. Pennsylvania’s rich history spans five centuries and is woven into the fabric of our nation’s founding. The first European settlers in Pennsylvania were from Sweden. Riza Nugraha. 3. This database, originally published as three volumes in 1911, is a collection of genealogical records regarding these early families. In 1681, William Penn was given a large area of land by King Charles II of England. In November 1682 the first 3 Pennsylvania counties formed were Bucks, Chester and Philadelphia Counties. In 1681, when King Charles II granted William Penn, a Quaker, the vast tract of land that includes present-day Pennsylvania, the grant had strings attached: Penn was required to repay the king by sending him two beaver pelts a year! Freedom of worship and religion was granted to all citizens. The Pennsylvania Colony was a royal colony. The state of Pennsylvania was originally a private land that was later transformed into a bustling colony. (The others are Kentucky, Virginia, and Massachusets.) Mar 04 In the year 1681 king Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn . These … Pennsylvania was home to many Native American groups before Europeans settled there. In 1913 the first automobile service station opened in Pittsburgh. It held the colonies together like the "keystone" in a window or door arch. In 1681, as payment for an $80,000 debt, Charles II granted the area that is now Pennsylvania to William Penn, who originally called it New Wales. Immediately, Penn sent his cousin William Markham to the territory to take control of it and be its governor. Pennsylvania is the birthplace of a lot of America’s favorite junk food. In 1681, as payment for an $80,000 debt, Charles II granted the area that is now Pennsylvania to William Penn, who originally called it New Wales. Pennsylvania was attmited as a state on December 12, 1787. The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American Indian tribes. During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies (there are six states above it and six states below it). 1. By Michael Goode. Getty Images . PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY: THE QUAKER PROVINCE: 1681-1776 William Penn and the Quakers Penn was born in London on October 24, 1644, the son of Admiral Sir William Penn. In 1681, Charles II of England, gave the land to William Penn. When Welsh members of Parliament objected, Charles II renamed the territory Pennsylvania. The American Revolutionary War between the. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government. He quickly instituted the First Frame of Government and created three counties: Philadelphia, Chester, and Bucks. By about 1900 some three-fourths of the land had been cleared of forests, principally for farmland. Penn was greatly aided in securing the charter by his friendship with the king and other high officials of the court. Two of the most important documents to shape American history were both written and signed in Philadelphia. They arrived in 1643. Foundation and early settlement William Penn acquired the province of Pennsylvania in 1681 from King Charles II of England as a place where his fellow Quakers could enjoy freedom of worship and a chance to govern themselves and develop their own way of life. Pennsylvania is the first state of the fifty United States to list their web site URL on a license plate. Penn was granted the charter as a place for Quakers to settle. It would not be until 1703 that Delaware would separate itself from Pennsylvania. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Pensylvania. Mar 10 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania in the year 1681. The Pennsylvania Colony was named by King Charles II after William Penn's father Admiral Sir William Penn, and the Latin word meaning woodland - Sylvania. It is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. There are always new and interesting things to learn about the place you call home– from historical facts, to weird laws, to state firsts, here are some quirky and fun things you may not have known about Pennsylvania. The Quakers were among the most radical of the English Protestant sects that had sprung up in the 17th century. Delaware and parts of Pennsylvania were organized as the New Sweden Colony. 1682: First brick house erected in this country (Penn's house). Thi… First settled by Dutch traders, Pennsylvania was chartered to William Penn in 1681. All rights reserved. Pennsylvania’s rich history spans five centuries and is woven into the fabric of our nation’s founding. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, was given a land grant from King Charles II, who owed money to Penn's deceased father. Indian-brokered alliances more than Quaker pacifism anchored the “long peace” in the decades that followed Pennsylvania’s founding in 1681. By 1683, the Second General Assembly created the Second Frame of Government. Read about all of Pennsylvania's official things below and find out more Pennsylvania history and ways to experience Pennsylvania's heritage today. Founding of Pennsylvania (January 5). The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. The the Pennsylvania Colony, aka Province of Pennsylvania, was founded on March 4, 1681. Settled in 1681 by Quakers, Pennsylvania played a vital role in revolutionary America. The area was later ruled by the Netherlands and Great Britain. The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. First brick house erected in this country (Penn's house). During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, many important and prominent families established themselves in the colony. The History of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal charter from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date. Each presentation will offer insight into the people, places, and culture that existed in Pennsylvania during the 17th and 18th century. Pennsylvania: History. Mar 04 King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Pennsylvania on this day in history. The Pennsbury Society is happy to present a monthly Conversations in History program to be held at Historic Pennsbury Manor. Here Are 20 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Pennsylvania You might think you know your home state like the back of your hand, but think again. Pennsylvania's history extends back some 15,000 years to when the first people settled there. In 1681, King Charles II of England granted the land of Pennsylvania to a nobleman named William Penn, the son of the British Admiral, Sir William Penn. Pennsylvania MC Carlton the ruffed grouse flies with Barry the bald eagle around the historic state of Pennsylvania. There the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 and the U.S. Constitution drawn up in 1787. In 1681, Pennsylvania was granted to a Quaker named William Penn by King Charles II, the King of England as a means of settling a loan with Penn's father. Indian-brokered alliances more than Quaker pacifism anchored the “long peace” in the decades that followed Pennsylvania’s founding in 1681. Its biggest city of Philadelphia was once the capital of the United States. He named the land Pennsylvania after his family name "Penn" and after the forests in the land ("sylvania is "forest land" in Latin). Please read our Disclaimer. Pennsylvania played an extremely important role in the American Revolution. Pennsylvania State History. The land was to be called Pennsylvania. See a medical professional for personalized consultation. However, the British defeated the Dutch in 1664 and took control over the area. When the first European settlers arrived, Pennsylvania was home to several Stone Age tribes of Native Americans, mainly the Delawares, Susquehannocks, Shawnees and Iroquois. Pennsylvania State Facts . He used his inherited wealth … Blairsville is the place to go for people who love sorghum. Numerous key battles and events of the war occurred in the colony, including the crossing of the Delaware River, the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of Germantown, and the winter encampment at Valley Forge. William Penn, a Quaker and the state's founder, guaranteed religious freedom to everyone. The area was later ruled by the Netherlands and Great Britain. Penn and the Quakers found refuge from religious persecution here, and the land became a haven for others too, including Mennonites and Amish. In 1681, when King Charles II granted William Penn, a Quaker, the vast tract of land that includes present-day Pennsylvania, the grant had strings attached: Penn was required to repay … Prior to being settled by Europeans, the area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, and other tribes of Native Americans. The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American Indian tribes. When Welsh members of Parliament objected, Charles II renamed the territory Pennsylvania. The History of Pennsylvania begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal charter from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date. State Motto Virtue, Liberty, and Independence. The king changed the name to Pennsylvania, in honor of the admiral. When Markham arrived on the western shore of the Delaware River, however, he found that the region was already inhabited by Europeans. In addition, the General Assembly adopted the Great Law, which provided for the liberty of conscience in terms of religious affiliations. The two birds fly to the Alleghenies, the Appalachians, and the Poconos—all mountain ranges in a state that's full of history and natural wonders. In 1682 the English duke of York had leased to Penn the Three Lower Counties (now Delaware) along the west bank of the Delaware River and Bay. Pennsylvania has the highest Amish population in the United States of America. That's the reason the Quakers first fled to Pennsylvania in 1681 -- they wanted to escape religious persecution. William Penn was given the land that would become Pennsylvania by King Charles II in 1681 to satisfy a debt the king had with Penn’s father. In 1681, Pennsylvania was granted to a Quaker named William Penn by King Charles II, the King of England as a means of settling a loan with Penn's father. he Pennsylvania Colony, aka Province of Pennsylvania, was founded on March 4, 1681. Any Swedish settlers were to become English subjects, seeing that the English were now in a majority in the colony. Pennsylvania came into being in 1681 after the British monarch gave a land grant to William Penn. Pennsylvania Colony Counties. The colony was well-advertised, and by 1700 it was the third-biggest and the richest colony in the … Of a total 46,055 square miles (119,282 km 2), 44,817 square miles (116,075 km 2) are land, 490 square miles (1,269 km 2) are inland waters, and 749 square miles (1,940 km 2) are waters in Lake Erie. The two birds fly to the Alleghenies, the Appalachians, and the Poconos—all mountain ranges in a state that's full of history and natural wonders. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, was given a land grant from King Charles II, who owed money to Penn's deceased father. The early history of Pennsylvania was closely associated with that of Delaware. 2nd State (December 12, 1787), the northeast U.S. State Abbreviation: PA Capital: Harrisburg Origin of name: It means Penn's Woodland. In 1682, William Penn founded the Province of Pennsylvania as a refuge for fellow persecuted Quakers. In 1681, as payment for the debt, the king granted what is today Pennsylvania to the admiral's son, also named William Penn. Pennsylvania Butterfly Gallery : Pennsylvania Resorts : Pennsylvania RV Parks: Pennsylvania territory was disputed in the early 1600s among the Dutch, the Swedes, and the English. It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. Georgia is the youngest of the 13 states that formed the United States originally. England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. The Keystone State A "keystone" is a central, wedge-shaped stone which holds all the other stones of a structure in place to form an arch. These include the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Iroquois. This is where the Declaration of Independence was written and signed. Nicholas A. Tonelli. Nickname: Keystone State. Several places of historical significance like the Independence Hall, continue to exist today, thus adding to the rich cultural history of today’s Pennsylvania state. This allowed for a growing season of 5-7 months. In 1681, Charles II of England, gave the land to William Penn. Average temperatures were around 50 degrees F. Summers were shorter and winters more severe in the upland … Charles II, King of England owed money to Penn’s family. In 1681, William Penn was given a large area of land by King Charles II of England. In 1682, William Penn arrived in Pennsylvania on a ship called the "Welcome." The oldest gas station in the US is located in Altoona. The coastal plain region, low-lying hills and river valleys of Pennsylvania were notable for their long summers and mild winters. Welcome to Pennsylvania, the birthplace of independence and the Constitution. The Seven Years War 1756 - 1763. The founding of Pennsylvania, about 40,000 square miles, was confirmed to William Penn under the Great Seal on January 5, 1681. This information is for educational purposes only and not a substitute for professional health services. The state was named in honor of William Penn. William Penn, father of William Penn.. Motto: Virtue, Liberty, Independence Nickname: Keystone State (During colonial times Pennsylvania was the middle colony of the original 13 colonies. Have you been to Pennsylvania? The Pennsylvania Colony was also called the Province of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania was one of the Middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. Philadelphia was the seat of the federal government almost continuously from 1776 to 1800. Pennsylvania was the second American state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1787. Philadelphia was founded in 1682, and quickly grew into the largest city in colonial America. These include the Delaware, Susquehanna, and Iroquois. The first European settlers in Pennsylvania were from Sweden. Pennsylvania MC Carlton the ruffed grouse flies with Barry the bald eagle around the historic state of Pennsylvania. They arrived in 1643. If you want to know the complete story of the Pennsylvania colony, read this MomJunction article. About Pennsylvania Founding Families, 1681-1911. Pennsylvania was home to many Native American groups before Europeanssettled there. This database, originally published as three volumes in 1911, is a collection of genealogical records regarding these early families. It led to the, The name Pennsylvania is a combination of two words: ‘Penn’ and, It is said that William Penn wanted to name the colony, Another theory behind the name is that the ‘Penn’ in Pennsylvania does not come from Sir William Penn’s surname. Mar 10 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania in the year 1681. In 1681 England’s King Charles II repaid a debt by granting William Penn a massive piece of land that became known as Pennsylvania. Print; main. England acquired the region in 1664 with the capture of New York, and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II. Did you know that of the original thirteen colonies, Pennsylvania is the only that does not border the … With these interesting facts about Georgia, let us learn about its history, geography, people, economy, culture, and more.