The Fifth Republic would instead advance the interests of a dynamic, high-tech ‘neo-capitalism’. This is because France has had five separate republics, or constitutions, since it gained freedom from the monarchy during the French Revolution. De Gaulle would later assume the title President as the head of state of the French Fifth Republic. The Fifth Republic (French: Cinquième République), France's current republican system of government, was created by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958. The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republicwith a semi-presidential, or dual-executive, systemthat split powers between a Prime Ministeras head of governmentand a Presidentas head of state.  The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the French Fourth Republic, replacing the prior parliamentary government with a semi-presidential system.It is France's third-longest-enduring political regime, after the pre-Revolutionary Ancien Régime and the Third Republic. The first two ended in dictatorships, the third in Nazi rule, and the fourth, Vichy France, mercifully ended with the Second World War.  The current French Republic was born in 1958 out of what were then referred to as the “events” in Algeria. Fifth French Republic. On June 13 a Cabinet committee consisting of the four Ministers of State and the … De Gaulle, who was the first French President elected under the Fifth Republicin December 1958, believed in a strong head of state, which … Strengthened executive power, ‘rationalised’ parliamentarism, and state-led investment in research and development was to prevail, and inconvenient remnants of an … So it was former French president Charles de Gaulle in the 60s and 70s that the Fifth Republic came into being. The fifth French Republic was established when the country adopted a new constitution in 1958. The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, introduced on 4 October 1958. Algeria had started a war for independence from France a couple of years before the outbreak of the Third World War, so crushing the uprising would help the newly formed Fifth republic save face and differentiate it from the Fourth Republic, which had been unsuccesful in dealing with the Algeria Situation. The Fourth Republic collapsed due to rising complications from their colonies. The French colonial empire underwent a process of decolonization after World War II ( ₳ | ₩) and when Algeria gained its independence, what had been an integral part of France became a separate country. 4-6 The heads of state of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944-1946), with the exception of Léon Blum and Vincent Auriol, used the title Chairman rather than President. The Fifth and current French Republic took hold with the collapse of the Fourth French Republic and switched from a parliamentary system to a semi presidential system. The Fifth Republic was created after the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system that split powers between a prime minister …  The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the French Fourth Republic, replacing the prior parliamentary government with a semi-presidential system. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE FIFTH FRENCH REPUBLIC THE drafting of the new French constitution was a speedy affair compared with that of the constitution of the Fourth Republic. The founding of a Fifth Republic was supported by the French people, while French President Charles de Gaulle made it clear on 8 August 1958 that France's colonies were to be given a stark choice between more autonomy in a new French Community or immediate independence in the referendum to be held on 28 September 1958. The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, introduced on 4 October 1958.