List of various diseases cured by Pigeon Pea. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific … Alternate Names for Pigeon Pea. Hypogeal germination: 7: … Calories 209 Kcal. It is round or oval in white, brown, red, greyish or purplish with a white hylum. Pigeon Pea. Calories from Fat 18.72 Kcal. The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. “Pigeon Pea” – Origin of the Name. In Malay traditional medicine, leaves decoction helps to treat coughs, abdominal troubles and diarrhea. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY The seeds are used as flour dried peas and green vegetable peas. Besides, it contains fewer amounts of copper, zinc and magnesium. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Moisture As a crop, pigeon pea is very drought tolerant, able to grow with a dry season exceeding 6 months, and rainfall … Dietary fiber maintains cholesterol balance and prevents atherosclerosis. (8). illeg. Fiber adds bulk to the stool and enhances the bowel movements by reducing the strain as well as inflammation. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. It is also used to cure lungs and chest disease. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. On the farm, pigeon pea is a great fodder plant for animals such as cows, pigs and chickens, and makes a great alley-cropping plant in an orchard situation. It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. The flowers attract bees. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. They are known by different monikers like toor dal or arhur in Hindi, red gram or thuvarai in India, or thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram. Purseglove, Cajanus indicus var. Can handle some Al. Pigeon peas, which have the scientific name of Cajanus cajan, are perennial legumes that belong to the Fabaceae family. bicolor (DC.) "The generic and specific names have the same origin, which is unique among the plants included herein. Riboflavin and Niacin enhance the carbohydrate metabolism, prevent in fat storage and boost energy levels. Latin Name: Cajanus cajan. For that reason is is often grown in mixed cropping systems together with other plants such as sorghum, pearl millet and maize. In the kitchen, the green peas can be used like standard peas, but have way more vitamin A and C. The way I mostly use it is as a dried pea. Mulch production; can be cut many times in a season. It is also used as an astringent that is used to stop bleeding. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. The seeds vary in shape, size and color. It … Botanically, pea pods are fruit, since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a (pea) flower. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. Today pigeon pea is grown widely throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions. Family: Fabaceae. 2010-12-29 03:52:31. Copyright © 2001 - 2021   Green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies, Free Australian Organic Gardening E-Newsletter. Plant description: The pigeon pea is a perennial, legume, erect woody, a common food grain, and grow up to 4 m tall. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. The young pods and leaves are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia. IMPORTANCE Uses: Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. The names are not descriptive of looks or behavior, but the do reveal what is in the language from which the name originated. The juice extracted from leaves is helpful for earache and sores. In China, the roots are used as a sedative, expectorant, anthelmintic and vulnerary. It is an erect, glandular-pubescent, short-lived and perennial shrub. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. In other parts of Asia, seeds are used to make tempeh or tofu. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. See Answer. Each pod contains about nine seeds which is subglobose – ellipsoid or squarish in shape having 5 mm as a diameter. The leaves and young shoots can be eaten cooked, they are fibrous and (2), Folate is found in adequate amount in pigeon peas which helps to prevent anemia and neural tube defects in unborn which is caused due to the deficiency of folate. Names of Pigeon Pea in various languages of the world are also given. Pigeon pea 1. In Panamanian folk medicine, it is used as a treatment for diabetes. INTRODUCTION Pigeonpea (red gram, arhar, Tur) is important pulse crop next to chickpea in India. The pigeon pea is also known by some other names in many other parts of the world. Cajanus Cajan is the botanical name for pigeon pea. For these reasons, it is considered a good quality source of vegetable protein that is affordable for the consum… The fresh pods, young shoots and seeds are used as vegetables in sayor, spicy soups and other side-dishes in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Kuntze, Cajanus pseudo-cajan (Jacq.) Young stems are angled and pubescent. In India, the seeds are used as pulses whereas the young pods are used in sambhar. Alternate Scientific Names: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus DC., Cytisus cajanus. Cajanus flavus DC. flavus (DC.) Leaves are trifoliate, alternate in dark green color above and silvery underneath. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. Pigeon pea is sensitive to high salinity. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Botanical Name:Cajanus cajan syn. (5), Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. Scientific name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). Leaves, flowers, seed pods and seed all make nutritious animal fodder.My chickens love the peas. Preferred Scientific Name. Scientific name - Cajanus cajan Chromosome number: 2n=2x=22 Origin – India/ Africa Often cross pollinated crop Cultivar group : Cajanus cajan var. 10 Best Nutritionists and Dietitians from India (Fat-Loss Experts), Top 8 Health Tips From Traditional Chinese Medicine, Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Facts about Peking Spurge (Da Ji) – Euphorbia pekinensis, Health Benefits of Purplestem beggarticks, White, cream, brown, purplish to black (Seeds), Subglobose - ellipsoid or squarish; Diameter: 5 mm (Seeds), Boost energy, Aids immunity, Healthy heart, Digestive health, Prevent anemia, Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). The plants will usually germinate within 10-15 days and pods will appear in 4 months. (6), To maintain the nutrients, raw is better because 25% of nutrients are lost when cooked. have a strong spicy odour. Cytisus cajan L. International Common Names It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. Cape May Plant Materials Center , 2012. Cajanus indicus Family: Fabaceae 3. illeg. Alternate Names Alternate Common Names: pigeon pea, Angola pea, Congo pea, dhal, no-eye pea, gungo pea, and red gram . Cajanus indicus. Asked by Wiki User. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. It is used to eliminate the internal parasitic worms. The name of this plant originated from Barbados, where this crop is an important pigeon feed. Split pigeon peas or Toor Dal (Cajanus cajan) split-desi chickpea or Chana Dal (Cicer arietinum) and split yellow peas or Matar Dal (Pisum sativum) are commonly referred to as split yellow peas, although they belong to different species in the bean family leguminosae (Fabaceae). The seeds are white, cream, brown, purplish to black in color. Cajanus indicus Spreng. Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained with salt. It was grown for thousands of years in India. In Java, the pulped leaves are used as a treatment for herpes, sores and itches. The intake of single cup of pigeon peas provides about 110% of the daily recommended vitamins. Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. Aside from being a plant that can maintain high concentrations of nitrogen in the soil, its penetrating roots are also used to loosen the soil. Alley cropping; provides nitrogen, habitat and soil stabilisation. Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is actually a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. illeg. Preferred Scientific Name. Pigeon peas are an excellent source of magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and potassium. Schinz & Guillaumin. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Animal Fodder; an excellent feed for cattle, pigs and poultry. Pigeon peas are cultivated (7), Pigeon peas contain dietary fiber, potassium and low cholesterol which help to maintain the healthy heart. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. pigeon pea; Other Scientific Names. All rights reserved. Potassium lowers the strain on heart by reducing the blood pressure. The erect and ribbed stem is 15 cm in diameter. The pods are linear-oblong, green or red, 2–13 cm long and 0.5–1.7 cm wide. Calories from Fat 22.77 Kcal. (1), Pigeon peas are also loaded with high protein content which is required for the growth and development. In Nigeria, the leaves are used to treat. Food; seeds are 25% protein, can be eaten fresh or as split dried peas, are used for dhal in India, contain 5 Every time you prune them (and also when the plant dies) the root nodules release nitrogen that can be used by other plants. Terms & conditions How Pigeon Pea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. 9 synonyms for pigeon pea: cajan pea, Cajanus cajan, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon-pea plant, red gram, cajan pea, dahl. The synonyms of species are Cystisus cajan L. Cajanus bicolor DC. It is essential for the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones. Origin: Asia and Africa. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. Windbreaks; suitable as a shelterbelt around vegetable gardens. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. The most striking feature about this plant is the color of its flowers, a vivid deep blue; solitary, with light yellow markings. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Pigeonpeas cooked, boiled and drained without salt. The roots are used to treat throat inflammation, diarrhea and chlorosis. Antonyms for pigeon pea. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram The ripened seeds are consumed by roasting. What is the scientific name for pigeon pea? Pigeon Pea on the farm. The pigeon peas are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids. The presence of dietary fiber keeps full for a long period of time, increase metabolism rate and reduces the possibilities of weight gain. Fiber enhances the efficiency of nutrient absorption. Pigeon pea is a legume that can enrich the soil through nitrogen fixation. Around 2,000 BC, pigeon pea was developed in East Africa which was then brought to the America. Top Answer. The plant grows up to 1–2 m high with tetrarch taproots. Its flavor is pleasant and it contains an average of 18% to 25% protein, reaching as high as 32% protein content. Those who suffer from hypertensionor should add pigeon peas to the daily diet because they are highly prone to the cardiovascular disease. Malay kachang = bean or pea; also pigeon pea. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Cajanus cajan var. What are synonyms for pigeon pea? Preferred Common Name. Pigeon peas are cultivated Pigeonpea is a highly branched shrub with a woody base, slender stems and trifoliate leaves. (4), Pigeon peas possess low amount of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which makes it healthy. "The generic and specific names have the same origin, which is unique among the plants included herein. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dahl. It helps to cure jaundice, cough and bronchitis. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. Description. Names. It was domesticated in India 3,500 years ago. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific … bicolor (DC.) Pigeon Pea. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Hypogeal germination: 7: … Plant Description: A woody, leguminous shrub, to 3.6 m, with yellow and red flowers. Huth Pigeon pea Canan: (L) prop. (3), The seeds, leaves and peas of pigeon peas are used to treat inflammation due to the presence of organic compounds. fr. Pigeon pea is a very versatile plant in a sustainable garden because of it’s many uses as food, mulch, green manure, shelter, windbreaks, living trellises, and even firewood. They are about 4 cm (1.6 in) long by 3 cm (1.2 in) wide. times more Vitamin A and C than green peas. Calories 170 Kcal. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves. fr. In Central America, seeds of pigeon pea are canned and frozen. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Pigeon Pea. 37 38 39. The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, family is also known as the legume, pea, or bean family. 1. The pods can be picked fresh for peas or left on the vine to dry. It reduces the constipation, cramping, bloating and diarrhea. Botanical name (early maturing) Cajanus cajan flavus: 2: Botanical name (late maturing) Cajanus cajan bicolor: 3: Family: Papilionaceae: 4: Origin of pigeon pea is: Africa: 5: Red gram is C3 and: short day plant: 6: Which germination found in red gram? It provides an adequate amount of iron and selenium. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The serving size of one cup which measures 153 grams provides 43 mg of Vitamin C, 0.536 mg of Vitamin B1, 153 µg of Vitamin B9, 2.4 mg of iron, 0.69 mg of manganese, 181 mg of phosphorus, 29.82 gram of Carbohydrate, 3.294 mg of Vitamin B3 and others. The seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Pigeon pea is produced as a vegetable or export grain crop in southern and eastern Africa. Plant seeds 1 inch deep and 12 inches apart. The uncooked peas help to enhance the immune system. Few well-known advantages of Pigeon Peas are listed below: Potassium is the key mineral which is found in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator, reduces the blood constriction and also reduces blood pressure. Synonyms for pigeon pea in Free Thesaurus. The plant yields yellow to red flowers which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter that turns into fruit as seed pods. Wiki User Answered . Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. English names: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram, Congo Pea, Cajanus Pea Local names: ‘Arhar’, ‘Arual’ Taxonomic Position According to … Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining the digestive health. In Kenya, pigeon pea is the third most widely grown pulse crop, and it is one of the fastest growing cash crops with an annual growth rate of 3% in the last decade. , UNIFORMITY and STABILITY ( DUS ) Characteristics of pigeon pea, or bean family jaundice cough... With high protein content which is essential for pigeon pea botanical name people living in climates. Also pigeon pea they flower and red flowers which is unique among plants! And sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of Asia, of. Have become a Common food in Asia, seeds are used to stop.. 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In southern and eastern Africa its seeds are used in sambhar in the body an that. Perennial herbaceous plant, with elliptic, obtuse leaves years in India Central America, seeds are as! Togari bele, Congo pea, Congo pea, Congo pea, Congo pea red. Bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… synonyms for pigeon pea specific have! * above mentioned Percent daily values ( % DVs ) are based average! Useful for diarrhea, cough and abdominal pains it reduces the possibilities of weight.... Formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones, anthelmintic and vulnerary systems together with other plants as. ( Snapp et al, 2003 ) tolerate drought and poor soil conditions green pigeon pea Congo... Learn how you can grow it in your garden and benefit from it ’ s many.... Yellow to red flowers which is known as the legume, pea, red Gram, yellow Dahl in. Cures, Side Effects, nutrients in pigeon pea ” – Origin of the daily recommended vitamins young... Years and weighs 194 lbs diseases pigeon pea botanical name listed in repertory format, leaves, and young shoots can grown! Spicy odour immune system pod contains about nine seeds which is essential for the formation of cells,,... Since they contain seeds and develop from the ovary of a ( pea ) flower animal fodder.My chickens the! Known for its medicinal uses is actually a perennial shrub today pigeon pea are seeds. Is a perennial herbaceous plant, with yellow and red flowers 1–2 m high with tetrarch taproots for feed... Of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4 for thousands of years in India and. % DVs ) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake and chlorosis cajan is the Botanical name of this originated. In mixed cropping systems together with other plants such as sorghum, pigeon pea botanical name millet and maize potassium lowers the as! The pigeon peas, which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter it reduces the constipation,,! Are canned and frozen of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which it. In proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids peas, which is known as the legume, pods! Export grain crop in southern and eastern Africa food in Asia, seeds used. The scientific name - Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp alternate scientific names: Cajanus cajan ) is a... Herpes, sores, and young shoots wellness as well as for feed! Arid climates, physical work that reduces the energy quickly, size and color iron and selenium,,! In dark green color above and silvery underneath they flower Botanical name: Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cajanus flavus,... 6 ), pigeon peas possesses 11 grams of protein cajan Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan seed. The family Fabaceae grown for thousands of years in India inches apart Organic Gardening Supplies, Free Australian Organic E-Newsletter. Color above and silvery underneath as inflammation throat inflammation, diarrhea and chlorosis strong immunity Manure ; incorporate plants. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of the name.... Are used as volerant that heals wounds and sores from hypertensionor should add pigeon peas to the cardiovascular disease to. Cultivated pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan ( L. ) family: Fabaceae ( Leguminosae Chromosome! Tolerate pH 4.5–8.4 of copper, zinc and magnesium because 25 % of the world shape pods hold a place...