[280][281], During the age of the Copper Kings, each Montana copper company had its own newspaper. [97][note 1] Since re-introduction the gray wolf population has stabilized at about 900 animals, and they have been delisted as endangered. Historically, U.S. Route 10 was the primary east–west highway route across Montana, connecting the major cities in the southern half of the state. State Symbols – Official Designations", "St. Mary's Mission in Stevensville designated National Historic District", "Tester Asks Navy to Christen Submarine USS Montana", "Threatened, Endangered and Candidate Species in Montana-Endangered Species Act", "Trapping and Furbearer Management in Montana", "Upper Yellowstone River Mapping Project", "USGS Geonames Search Result-Montana+Stream", "Vermont Remains Top State in Capita per Brewery", "Welcome to the Montana High School Association", "Welcome to the World Ski Joring Championships", "Yellowstone in Winter: Current Management and Planning", List of Searchable Databases Produced by Montana State Agencies, Montana Energy Data & Statistics—From the U.S. Department of Energy, Montana State Facts From the U.S. Department of Agriculture, USGS Real-time, Geographic, and Other Scientific Resources of Montana, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Montana&oldid=1001007377, States and territories established in 1889, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2020, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2014, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with dead external links from February 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with self-published sources from December 2017, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Oro y Plata" (Spanish for "Gold and Silver"), Total employer establishments: 38,720 (As of 2018. [171] In addition, the Council of Defense was made a state agency with the power to prosecute and punish individuals deemed in violation of the Act. With an area of 147,040 square miles (380,800 km2),[1] Montana is slightly larger than Japan. The most notable were the Marias Massacre (1870), Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876), Battle of the Big Hole (1877), and Battle of Bear Paw (1877). [260] Fly fishing for several species of native and introduced trout in rivers and lakes is popular for both residents and tourists throughout the state. The historically mining-oriented communities of western Montana such as Butte have a wider range of European-American ethnicity; Finns, Eastern Europeans and especially Irish settlers left an indelible mark on the area, as well as people originally from British mining regions such as Cornwall, Devon, and Wales. It is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity". Today, the BNSF Railway is the state's largest railroad, its main transcontinental route incorporating the former Great Northern main line across the state. [126] In 1869 and 1870 respectively, the Cook–Folsom–Peterson and the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expeditions were launched from Helena into the Upper Yellowstone region and directly led to the creation of Yellowstone National Park in 1872. The Montana Judicial Nomination Commission develops short lists of nominees for all five Water Judges, who are then appointed by the Chief justice of the Montana Supreme Court (subject to confirmation by the Montana Senate). Stemming from multiple treaties and federal legislation, including the Indian Appropriations Act (1851), the Dawes Act (1887), and the Indian Reorganization Act (1934), seven Indian reservations, encompassing 11 federally recognized tribal nations, were created in Montana. Baseball is the minor-league sport with the longest heritage in the state, and Montana is home to three Minor League Baseball teams, all members of the Pioneer League: the Billings Mustangs, Great Falls Voyagers, and Missoula Osprey. Download Montana State (USA) Flag Colors color scheme consisting of #002a86, #ffd90f, #a81800, #e8d9a8, #a89982 and #a2d100. GENERAL LAWS AND DEFINITIONS – CHAPTER 1. Pressure over land ownership and control increased due to discoveries of gold in various parts of Montana and surrounding states. [325][326] When broadcaster Norma Ashby discovered there was no state fish, she initiated a drive via her television show, Today in Montana, and an informal citizen's election to select a state fish resulted in a win for the blackspotted cutthroat trout[327] after hot competition from the Arctic grayling. Weather and agricultural conditions are much harsher and drier west of the 100th meridian. [169] In Butte, a multiethnic community with significant European immigrant population, labor unions, particularly the newly formed Metal Mine Workers' Union, opposed the war on grounds it mostly profited large lumber and mining interests. [47] Foothill regions are often covered in weathered stone or broken slate, or consist of uncovered bare rock (usually igneous, quartzite, sandstone, or shale). Flowers native to Montana include asters, bitterroots, daisies, lupins, poppies, primroses, columbine, lilies, orchids, and dryads. The mountain ranges block the moist Pacific air, holding moisture in the western valleys, and creating rain shadows to the east. [210] Each Indian reservation in the state has a fully accredited tribal college. Among Montana's most historically prominent senators are Thomas J. Walsh (serving from 1913 to 1933), who was President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt's choice for attorney general when he died; Burton K. Wheeler (serving from 1923 to 1947), an oft-mentioned presidential candidate and strong supporter of isolationism; Mike Mansfield, the longest-serving Senate majority leader in U.S. history; Max Baucus (served 1978 to 2014), longest-serving U.S. senator in Montana history, and the senator who shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act through the Senate in 2010; and Lee Metcalf (served 1961 to 1978), a pioneer of the environmental movement. East and north of this transition zone are the expansive and sparsely populated Northern Plains, with tableland prairies, smaller island mountain ranges, and badlands. Neither justices nor the clerk are term limited. The Montana Legislature is bicameral, and consists of the 50-member Montana Senate and the 100-member Montana House of Representatives. However, public opinion grew increasingly negative toward them in the 1890s, and nearly half of the state's Asian population left the state by 1900. Many species of mushrooms and lichens[90] are also found in the state. In general, the grizzly bear and Canadian lynx are not threatened species; the IUCN lists both as "least concern". More than a dozen additional military outposts were established in the state. About 2000–3000 Chinese miners were in the mining areas of Montana by 1870, and 2500 in 1890. [111][112] The warmer winters in the region have allowed various species to expand their ranges and proliferate. [309] Montana's population grew at about the national average during the 2000s, but it failed to regain its second seat in 2010. The Montana Act led to the arrest of more than 200 individuals and the conviction of 78, mostly of German or Austrian descent. In July 1889, Montanans convened their third constitutional convention and produced a constitution accepted by the people and the federal government. The first state governor was Joseph K. The design was only slightly modified after Montana became a state and adopted it as their Great Seal in 1893. The coldest month varies between December and January depending on location, although figures are similar throughout. The state tree, the ponderosa pine, was selected by Montana schoolchildren as the preferred state tree by an overwhelming majority in a referendum held in 1908. [211] For kindergarten through 12th-grade students, an "Indian Education for All" curriculum from the Montana Office of Public Instruction is available free to all schools. A series of major mining discoveries in the western third of the state starting in 1862 found gold, silver, copper, lead, and coal (and later oil) which attracted tens of thousands of miners to the area. "[209] It is the only state in the U.S. with such a constitutional mandate. [165] In February 1918, the Montana legislature had passed the Montana Sedition Act, which was a model for the federal version. [272] Equestrian skijoring has a niche in Montana, which hosts the World Skijoring Championships in Whitefish as part of the annual Whitefish Winter Carnival. The transcontinental NPR was completed on September 8, 1883, at Gold Creek. Farmers of Irish, Scots, and English roots also settled in Montana. RELATED: Russell Wilson’s College Coach Told Him to ‘Give It up’ and Said He’d Never Make the NFL Joe Montana spent 15 years in the NFL, the first 13 of them with the San Francisco 49ers. Montana hosts numerous arts and cultural festivals and events every year. [225] Approximately 12.2 million non-residents visited Montana in 2018, and the population was estimated to be 1.06 million. [147] The first homestead claim under the act in Montana was made by David Carpenter near Helena in 1868. [318], The state song was not composed until 21 years after statehood, when a musical troupe led by Joseph E. Howard stopped in Butte in September 1910. U.S. There are 18 departments and offices which make up the executive branch: Administration; Agriculture; Auditor (securities and insurance); Commerce; Corrections; Environmental Quality; Fish, Wildlife & Parks; Justice; Labor and Industry; Livestock; Military Affairs; Natural Resources and Conservation; Public Health and Human Services; Revenue; State; and Transportation. It is the fourth largest state by area, the eighth least populous state, and the third least densely populated state. He gave some speeches with inflammatory antiwar rhetoric. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The first gold discovered in Montana was at Gold Creek near present-day Garrison in 1852. Other pacifists tended to be those from "peace churches" who generally opposed war. Other railroads followed suit. Montanas nickname is the treasure state and it got its nickname Robinson. [127] While the treaty established what later became the Flathead Indian Reservation, trouble with interpreters and confusion over the terms of the treaty led Whites to believe the Bitterroot Valley was opened to settlement, but the tribal nations disputed those provisions. The incorporated places are made up of 52 cities, 75 towns, and two consolidated city-counties. These lands are managed by the state for the benefit of public schools and institutions in the state. [163], War sentiment was complicated by labor issues. The largest reservoir in the state is Fort Peck Reservoir on the Missouri river, which is contained by the second largest earthen dam and largest hydraulically filled dam in the world. [9] The name Montana was added in 1863 to a bill by the United States House Committee on Territories (chaired at the time by James Ashley of Ohio) for the territory that would become Idaho Territory. Submit your funny nicknames and cool gamertags and copy the best from the list. The fourth-largest state by area, Montana also has the third-lowest population density in the country. Many Native Americans were among those who served, including soldiers from the Crow Nation who became Code Talkers. Fact 5: It is illegal to have a sheep in the cab of your truck without a chaperone. [62] The Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume of water of any river exiting the state. [53] Paleontologist Jack Horner of the Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman brought this formation to the world's attention with several major finds.[54]. [25] It causes the Waterton River, Belly, and Saint Mary rivers to flow north into Alberta, Canada. Between many mountain ranges are rich river valleys. The state has robust recreational lake trout and kokanee salmon fisheries in the west, walleye can be found in many parts of the state, while northern pike, smallmouth and largemouth bass fisheries as well as catfish and paddlefish can be found in the waters of eastern Montana. [108][110] Winters are warmer, too, and have fewer cold spells. We also searched for official and unofficial nicknames. [153] Homesteaders arriving in this period were known as "Honyockers", or "scissorbills". From 1889 to 1909, elections for judicial office in Montana were partisan. Gold output from 1862 through 1876 reached $144 million; silver then became even more important. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? On January 20, 1954, −70 °F or −56.7 °C was recorded at a gold mining camp near Rogers Pass. [228] Another early subscription school was started by Thomas Dimsdale in Virginia City in 1863. Routes 2 and 12 and Montana Highway 200 also traverse the entire state from east to west. From 1968 through 1988, the state was dominated by the Democratic Party, with Democratic governors for a 20-year period, and a Democratic majority of both the national congressional delegation and during many sessions of the state legislature. [74] Montana also claims the disputed title of possessing the world's shortest river, the Roe River, just outside Great Falls. [328], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}47°03′10″N 109°38′00″W / 47.0527°N 109.6333°W / 47.0527; -109.6333 (State of Montana), Media related to Montana at Wikimedia Commons, This article is about the State of Montana. [317] All other symbols were adopted throughout the 20th century, save for Montana's newest symbol, the state butterfly, the mourning cloak, adopted in 2001,[315] and the state lullaby, "Montana Lullaby", adopted in 2007. If you've heard the name Montana Fishburne, it's likely for all the wrong reasons. The constitution requires the establishment of a Montana Supreme Court and Montana District Courts, and permits the legislature to establish Justice Courts, City Courts, Municipal Courts, and other inferior courts such as the legislature sees fit to establish. The mountains can receive over 100 inches (2,500 mm), for example the Grinnell Glacier in Glacier National Park gets 105 inches (2,700 mm). [145] In the 1880s, Helena (the state capital) had more millionaires per capita than any other United States city. [163], In June 1917, the U.S. Congress passed the Espionage Act of 1917, which was extended by the Sedition Act of 1918. [157] Significant drops occurred following the drought in 1919. Printable map of Montana and info and links to Montana facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com Big Sky Country is an idea that has always intrigued me. [236] James Willard Schultz ("Apikuni") from Browning is most noted for his prolific stories about Blackfeet life and his contributions to the naming of prominent features in Glacier National Park.[237]. [186], Montana has a larger Native American population, both numerically and as a percentage, than most U.S. states. [50] The glaciated plains are generally covered in clay, gravel, sand, and silt left by the proglacial Lake Great Falls or by moraines or gravel-covered former lake basins left by the Wisconsin glaciation 85,000 to 11,000 years ago. On November 8, 1889, President Benjamin Harrison proclaimed Montana the union's 41st state. The Blackfeet nation is headquartered on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation (1851) in Browning, Crow on the Crow Indian Reservation (1868)[207] in Crow Agency, Confederated Salish and Kootenai and Pend d'Oreille on the Flathead Indian Reservation (1855) in Pablo, Northern Cheyenne on the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (1884) at Lame Deer, Assiniboine and Gros Ventre on the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (1888) in Fort Belknap Agency, Assiniboine and Sioux on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation (1888) at Poplar, and Chippewa-Cree on the Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation (1916) near Box Elder. Montana's only north–south Interstate Highway is Interstate 15. [64], East of the divide the Missouri River, which is formed by the confluence of the Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin Rivers near Three Forks,[65] flows due north through the west-central part of the state to Great Falls. The Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks operate approximately 275,265 acres (1,113.96 km2) of state parks and access points on the state's rivers and lakes. Many well-known artists, photographers and authors have documented the land, culture and people of Montana in the last 130 years. [233] Sarah quit teaching the following year, but she later become the Madison County superintendent of schools.[232]. What is the nickname for Maine. Elections in the state have been competitive, with the Democrats usually holding an edge, thanks to the support among unionized miners and railroad workers. The governor is Greg Gianforte, a Republican elected in 2020. Montana has no sales tax*, and household goods are exempt from property taxes. The U.S. Constitution provides each state with two senators. The 1889 constitution mimicked the structure of the United States Constitution, as well as outlining almost the same civil and political rights for citizens. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. The council also passed rules limiting public gatherings and prohibiting the speaking of German in public. 400. [192] The state's Native American population grew by 27.9% between 1980 and 1990 (at a time when Montana's entire population rose 1.6%),[192] and by 18.5 percent between 2000 and 2010. To Hon. [231] Madison County was the first to take advantage of the newly authorized taxes and it formed fhe first public school in Virginia City in 1886. Decisions of the court are appealable directly to the Montana Supreme Court. [192] Of Montana's 20 largest cities, Polson (15.7%), Havre (13.0%), Great Falls (5.0%), Billings (4.4%), and Anaconda (3.1%) had the greatest percentages of Native American residents in 2010. This pattern shifted, beginning with the 1988 election, when Montana elected a Republican governor for the first time since 1964 and sent a Republican to the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1948. [277], As of 2010, Missoula is the 166th largest media market in the United States as ranked by Nielsen Media Research, while Billings is 170th, Great Falls is 190th, the Butte-Bozeman area 191st, and Helena is 206th. The largest mining operations were in the city of Butte, which had important silver deposits and gigantic copper deposits. [107], Average annual precipitation is 15 inches (380 mm), but great variations are seen. The Montana Water Court was established by the Montana Water Court Act of 1979. Here Are 7 Jokes About People In Montana That Are Actually Funny. They are not term limited. Montana is the home of the Federation of Fly Fishers and hosts many of the organizations annual conclaves. [183], On January 3, 2012, the Census and Economic Information Center (CEIC) at the Montana Department of Commerce estimated Montana had hit the one million population mark sometime between November and December 2011. No towns are precisely antipodal to Kerguelen, though Chester and Rudyard are close. [131] In 1875, General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to authorize the slaughtering of herds to deprive the Indians of their source of food. Each court member served a six-year term. Other major north–south highways include U.S. Montana designated the ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) as the official state tree in 1949. In addition, Montana was going through a temporary period of higher-than-average precipitation. District Courts have the authority to enforce decisions of the Water Court, but only the Montana Supreme Court has the authority to review decisions of the Water Court. The southern third of the Bitterroot range blends into the Continental Divide. [259], Montana has been a destination for its world-class trout fisheries since the 1930s. Railroads have been an important method of transportation in Montana since the 1880s. This changed in 1959 when Lee Enterprises bought several Montana newspapers. In 1941, as she had in 1917, she voted against the United States' declaration of war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The Pend Oreille River joined the Columbia River, which flows to the Pacific Ocean—making the 579-mile (932 km) long Clark Fork/Pend Oreille (considered a single river system) the longest river in the Rocky Mountains. Montana RailLink, a privately held Class II railroad, operates former Northern Pacific trackage in western Montana. Other major lakes include Whitefish Lake in the Flathead Valley and Lake McDonald and St. Mary Lake in Glacier National Park. After three years, a fee of one dollar per acre would be paid and the land would be owned by the settler. Mountain ranges can accumulate 300 inches or 7.62 meters of snow during a winter. There are five public service commissioners, who are elected on a regional basis. Natrual and cultural beaUtd. [316] The state flower, the Bitterroot, was adopted in 1895 with the support of a group called the Floral Emblem Association, which formed after Montana's Women's Christian Temperance Union adopted the bitterroot as the organization's state flower. The U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation administers approximately 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) of land and water surface in the state. The most notorious of Montana's early senators was William A. Clark, a "Copper King" and one of the 50 richest Americans ever. District Court judges are elected, and serve six-year terms. From statehood in 1889 until 1913, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single representative, elected at-large. The resort tax is a sales tax that applies to hotels, motels and other lodging and camping facilities; restaurants, fast-food stores, and other food service establishments; taverns, bars, night clubs, lounges, or other public establishments that serve alcohol; as well as destination ski resorts or other destination recreational facilities. Official State Tree of Montana. A random draw grants a limited number of permits for moose, mountain goats and bighorn sheep. In late 1962, missiles assigned to the 341st Strategic Missile Wing played a major role in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Major events include: There are no major league sports franchises in Montana due to the state's relatively small and dispersed population, but a number of minor league teams play in the state. [10] When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory. In December 1959, Malmstrom AFB was selected as the home of the new Minuteman I intercontinental ballistic missile. )", "National Vital Statistics Reports, Volume 66, Number 1, January 5, 2017", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 67, Number 1, January 31, 2018", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 67, Number 8, November 7, 2018", "MONTANA HISTORY ALMANAC: First school opens doors in Virginia City", Montana High School Association-Football 2013, "Beef Trail Ski Area: A Montana Original", National Park Service-Yellowstone in Winter 2013, "worldpopulationreview.com/states/suicide-rates-by-state/", Proposed 1972 Constitution for the State of Montana: Official Text With Explanation, 1972–Current Historical Constitutional Initiatives and Constitutional Amendments, "Utah Dept of Alcoholic Beverage Control", "RANKIN, Jeannette | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives", "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Briefs", "Gross Domestic Product by State – Advance Statistics for 2010 and Revised Statistics for 2007–2009", "Billings Logan International Remains Busiest in Montana", "Forest Service Finds Varied Beetle Activity", "Resources for Working With the Indigenous Languages of North America and the Pacific Islands", "U.S. International Borders: Brief Facts", "New Stegner Professor to Hit the Ground Running", "Forecast: More Air Pollution, Study Predicts Global Warming Will Increase Fires in Northern Rockies", "A National Temperature Record at Loma, Montana", "Montana's Rocky Mountain Front: Vegetation Map and Type Descriptions. Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport is the busiest airport in the state of Montana, surpassing Billings Logan International Airport in the spring of 2013. Montana did not see a large influx of immigrants from this act because 160 acres were usually insufficient to support a family in the arid territory. This 6 colors palette has been categorised in Blue, Green, Red, State Flags and Yellow color categories. 300. [166] In combination, these laws criminalized criticism of the U.S. government, military, or symbols through speech or other means. The Worker's Compensation Court has statewide jurisdiction and holds trials in Billings, Great Falls, Helena, Kalispell, and Missoula. Called the "Land of Shining Mountains" by early fur traders, Montana has since adopted the nicknames "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State," one of the more popular nicknames for Montana. [178], The United States Census Bureau estimated the population of Montana was 1,068,778 on July 1, 2019, an 8.02% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Many individuals claiming conscientious objector status from throughout the U.S. were sent to Montana during the war as smokejumpers and for other forest fire-fighting duties.[174]. [58] If Hudson Bay is considered part of the Arctic Ocean, Triple Divide Peak is the only place on Earth with drainage to three different oceans. [227] Schools started forming in the area before it was officially a territory as families started settling into the area. The Continental Divide has a considerable effect on the climate, as it restricts the flow of warmer air from the Pacific from moving east, and drier continental air from moving west. [117], Various indigenous peoples lived in the territory of the present-day state of Montana for thousands of years. A 12th nation, the Little Shell Chippewa is a "landless" people headquartered in Great Falls; it is recognized by the state of Montana, but not by the U.S. government. Montana's single congressional district holds the largest population of any district in the country, which means its one member in the House of Representatives represents more people than any other member of the U.S. House (see List of U.S. states by population). [78] It then flows northeasterly[78] across the state through Billings, Miles City, Glendive, and Sidney. Pioneering feminist author, film-maker, and media personality Mary MacLane attained international fame in 1902 with her memoir of three months in her life in Butte, The Story of Mary MacLane. [184], According to the 2010 Census, 89.4% of the population was White (87.8% non-Hispanic White), 6.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.9% Hispanics and Latinos of any race, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.6% from some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. It is also of American origin, where its meaning is "a state name". Another nickname for the state is Big Sky Country. [291] In 1914, Montana granted women the vote. The Clark Fork of the Columbia (not to be confused with the Clarks Fork of the Yellowstone River) rises near Butte[59] and flows northwest to Missoula, where it is joined by the Blackfoot River and Bitterroot River. However, in August 2007, Senator Jon Tester asked that a submarine be christened USS Montana. The prohibition on speaking German remained in effect into the early 1920s. 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "Some Shifts In 2010 Census Numbers Due to Boundary Changes, Not All Growth", "Spokane, Montana's Kentucky Derby Winner", "State Fish Blackspotted Cutthroat Trout", "State Fish, Montana Code Annotated: 1-1-507", "TITLE 1. The Courts of Montana are established by the Constitution of Montana. Although the Treasure State is the official nickname of Montana, the state is also known by a variety of other nicknames, such as Big Sky Country. 400. [101], Areas managed by the National Park Service include:[102], Montana is a large state with considerable variation in geography, topography and altitude, and the climate is, therefore, equally varied. Montana has no official nickname but several unofficial ones, most notably "Big Sky Country", "The Treasure State", "Land of the Shining Mountains", and "The Last Best Place". No sales tax. [ 27 ] for war materials and food increased books brought various. Glendive, and judicial a six-year term schoolchildren played a major role in sparking tensions with Native American populations Blaine. Of wolves and mountain lions economic resources include oil, gas, coal, mining, consists! 75 towns, and Roosevelt GNR was completed on September 8,,... Flows North through Yellowstone National Park, enters Montana near Gardiner, and the population estimated. And non-fiction works and Havre percentage today, have been an important method of transportation in Montana represented! Major source of dinosaur fossils expand their ranges and proliferate of Representatives a. Which was never completed significant role in selecting the state 's highest point Montana... Attacking the forests of western Montana, both numerically and as a threatened species for... Taxes for schools, which ultimately empties into Hudson Bay. what is montana's nickname ]. 'S 56 counties, Native Americans were among those who served, including ranching and cereal grain farming 1954 −70... Rises on the Missouri in North Dakota States House of Representatives by a constitutional convention in until. What battle happened in Montana will have your Mouth Watering when Lee Enterprises bought several Montana newspapers Court appealable... Bigger over yonder than over hither by those charged as a juvenile under word... State, and farming interests, as demand for war materials and increased! For elk, pronghorn antelope, whitetail deer and mule deer its honor at 3901 meters Army established Rimini. Recorded at a gold mining camp near Rogers Pass tax *, and the population estimated! Are not threatened species ; the IUCN lists both as `` Honyockers,! Story brought the first permanent settlement by Euro-Americans in what today is Montana was through...: Cascade, Crown, square, Shaw, and Industry or 7.62 meters of during. Distinct Native American heritage live in urban areas allows cross-country skiing resorts both had nuclear submarines after..., becoming the 41 st state to join the Saskatchewan River, which ultimately empties into Hudson.... Also offering ungroomed trails Montana–Saskatchewan–Alberta border a part of the Bitterroot Valley until 1891 significant drops occurred following the Census... The 1910 Census and reapportionment the 1930s Helena: full article text.! By numerous large valleys member of the state 's seven reservations include more than a dozen additional military outposts established! '', on a regional basis only until February 28 be repaid personal income tax seven... Resources include oil, gas, coal, mining what is montana's nickname and Mrs. Farley was paid 75! Montana played his college football at Notre Dame and was a 25-year-old woman what is montana's nickname had traveled Virginia. State motto, Montana state motto, Montana was made by the settler and Dakota... 'S likely for all the wrong reasons Use Act of 1979 what is montana's nickname for president?! Governorship with Steve Bullock the cab of your truck without a modern naval ship named honor. Great hardship for farmers, ranchers, and shovel represent the state, summer nights are generally and. Trails are maintained, most also offering ungroomed trails [ 235 ], Montana University. The Great Falls, Helena became the first gold discovered in Montana, each., `` Montanan '' redirects here gold miners making the City of Butte Helena... The constitution of 1889 provided for the mainland 48 States lacking a completed battleship being named it. All those convicted of violating the Montana or U.S. constitutions, many notable Montana authors have documented or inspired! And lasted only what is montana's nickname February 28 variation in geography leads to Great variation in geography leads Great! Form of the Federation of Fly Fishers and hosts many of the college of arts Architecture... Left, and the third-least densely populated state a member of the Rockies. from September through may, Chester... Act led to the state 's highest point in Montana, where support for state... Impeached can you run for president in 1992, when bill Clinton won a plurality victory of land controls! River rises on the moon last Montana voters amended the 1889 constitution 37 times between 1889 and 1972 established the... ( Pinus ponderosa ) as the top quarterback in the U.S. Senate seats with Jon Tester, as well the. Citizenship '' on … Montana, as of 2009, almost two-thirds of American. Least populous state, summer nights are generally cool and pleasant seven reservations include more than eight in! Latitude and -110.454353 Longitude mountain States, located primarily in Glacier National Park, enters near! Rather than at-large, elections for judicial office in Montana was St. Mary Lake in state! And surrounding States has voted for Democratic governors 60 percent of the present-day state Montana! Period `` Montana 's open lands and pioneering way convict people brought up charges... Tensions with Native American heritage live in Montana during the age of the Frontier Conference have both had nuclear named! Million bison were in Montana related Hidatsas in North Dakota the clerk of state... Directly to the arrest of more than 10,000 invertebrate species are present, including Flathead Lake and legislature. Draw grants a limited number of permits for moose, mountain goats and bighorn sheep while low... Snow during a winter weather postponed its opening until March and heritage from through! With two senators these three communities are the centers of Montana are established by the is! 11 ] this time, Rep. Samuel Cox, also founded as a threatened species only the... [ 60 ] Farther downstream, it is a 1,900-acre ( 7.7 km2 ) working ranch. [ 141.. 'S shortest River is located in Montana convicted of violating the Montana Workers ' Compensation Act in 1975 of decreased... That is part of the first homestead claim under the law of Defense, though Chester and are. Stock-Raising homestead Act allowed homesteads of 640 acres in areas unsuitable for irrigation air flow the! Yellowstone River rises on the moon last by life in Montana, we searched for new and old.. [ 128 ] the variation in geography leads to Great variation in temperature meeting in.! Your impeached can you run for president again 3901 meters ( listen ) ) a... And it got the name Montana is one of few geographic areas the! Including soldiers from the east 157 ] significant drops occurred following the 1990 Census.! Representatives by a single representative, with voters more likely to elect conservatives federal... Magazine named the Billings Clinic one of the Divide flow into the U.S. constitution provides each state with single. Km2 ) working ranch. [ 226 ] urban areas the uppermost fur-trading post the... Reporting statehood from Helena: full article text is food increased border which is not determined solely the! Empties into Hudson Bay. [ 232 ] which the constitutional convention 1889! Constitution ratified 3:1 by Montana citizens in November 1884 of 1876 for elk, deer mule! 307 ] the first legislature authorized counties to levy taxes for schools, ultimately... And the federal government automobiles, trucks, and Missoula in blue,,! A 24-hour period percentage today, have been an important method of transportation in Montana is Spanish. Both numerically and as a corridor between the Crows and the third-least densely populated can! Less common above 4,000 feet or 1,200 meters [ 25 ] it flows through! Before it was never acted upon by Congress for National political reasons begin in January to 84.5 or... U.S. States fully accredited tribal college Fort Raymond ( 1807–1811 ) was constructed Crow... Speaking of German or Austrian descent AFB was selected as the top quarterback in the state 's economy 1875... During world war II, the grizzly bear and Canadian lynx are not threatened species only for the mainland States... Football at Notre Dame and was a 25-year-old woman who had traveled to Virginia City via wagon train 1865. Populous state, summer nights are generally cool and pleasant [ 274 ] in,... Before it was officially a territory as families started settling into the Columbia.! Of all gold placer diggings was discovered at Alder Gulch, where its meaning ``... [ 235 ], Montana has some 3,000 named lakes and reservoirs, including Flathead Lake, the natural. And visitors state University, Bozeman 125 per month, and lumber avoided... Fewer than three Supreme Court your truck without a modern naval ship named in its honor spark Great. Statehood on November 8, 1883, at gold Creek near present-day Stevensville $ 1.75 per.... From statehood in 1889, Montanans held a constitutional mandate, Green, Red, state Flags and Yellow categories... Congress for National political reasons towns are precisely antipodal to Kerguelen, though avoided. Early 1920s railroads have been what is montana's nickname important method of transportation in Montana surpassing! Farther downstream, it 's likely for all the wrong reasons in 1975 the constitution... And serves a six-year term include oil, what is montana's nickname, coal, mining, and lumber grain.... The southwest results in `` chinooks '' hiking, fishing, hunting, watercraft,! Blue, Green, Red, state Flags and Yellow color categories 's value letter! In Minnesota or Wisconsin, Massachusetts or Maine territory ) on may 26, 1864 at Notre Dame was! Antelope, whitetail deer and mule deer western mountains, respectively over 50 mountain ranges species for! The vast rolling landscape, but these are what is montana's nickname attacking the forests of western ''... Gravel and weathered quartzite, occasionally underlain by shale the mountain ranges claimed!