This body applies the laws promulgated by Bahāʾ Allāh and legislates on matters not covered in the sacred texts. The principal Baha’i tenets are the essential unity of all religions and the unity of humanity. A major doctrine of "Twelver" Shi'ite Islam is the expected return of the 12th imam (successor of Muhammad), who will renew religion and guide the faithful. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. His life as a prophet was spent in a series of exiles that culminated in Acre, where he wrote the Kitab-i-Aqdas, one of the key Bahá'í scriptures, as well as other spiritual works and letters. As Christianity was born out of Judaism and Buddhism grew out of Hinduism, the Bahá'í Faith has its roots in Shi'ite Islam. They taught that Muhammad's successor was imminent. Bahá'u'lláh was the founder of the Bahá'í faith. The Bab (1819‒50) and several thousand early Persian followers, regarded by the Muslim clergy as heretics, were persecuted and killed. One of Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí's disciples was a man called Mulla Husayn - described as pure hearted and a seeker after truth. Tahirih’s tireless work for the National Spiritual Assembly’s Office of Governmental Affairs brought her to Ottawa, and her devotion has landed her a position with the Baha’i International Community, a non-governmental organization (NGO) that both encompasses and represents the world-wide membership of the Bahá’í Faith. It grew out of the Shi'ite branch of the Muslim faith. The Bahá'í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. An interesting, very early, but indirect link between Guyana and the Faith is though Lady Sara Blomfield. The feasts are designed to ensure universal participation in the affairs of the community and the cultivation of the spirit of brotherhood and fellowship. Soon the Bāb’s teachings spread throughout Iran, provoking strong opposition from both the Shiʿi Muslim clergy and the government. The Bāb was arrested and, after several years of incarceration, was executed in 1850. Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, the Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith records in his book that the Bahá'i religion started in Iran with " A handful of students, belonging to the Shaykhi school, sprung from the Ithna-'Ashariyyih sect of Shih'a Islam. " As many friends of Baha’is around the world prepare to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ, and in the spirit of celebrating the divine origin of Christianity, we thought we’d share a short list of books about Christianity and the Baha’i Faith. The Baha’i faith started in the 19th century. The faith has no priesthood and does not observe ritual forms in its worship. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. Its founder, Bahá’u’lláh (1817-1892), is regarded by Bahá’ís as the most recent in the line of Messengers of God that stretches back beyond recorded time and that includes Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Krishna, Zoroaster, Christ, and Muhammad. 1 From that beginning in 1844, the Bahá'í Faith has evolved into newest of the world's main religions. The Baha'i Faith is a religion that originated in Iran in 1863. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. History. The Bahá'í faith was established in Iran, then called Persia, in the mid-nineteenth century. It grew out of the Shi’ite branch of the Muslim faith. Bahá’ís believe the crucial need facing humanity is to find a unifying vision of the future of society and of the nature and purpose of life. The seat of the Universal House of Justice is in Haifa, Israel, in the immediate vicinity of the shrines of the Bāb and ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ and near the Shrine of Bahāʾ Allāh at Bahjī, near ʿAkko. He was also a brilliant scholar. Read more. MAJOR EVENTS IN BÁBÍ AND BAHA'I HISTORY. It was founded by Baha'u'llah in Iran in the 19th century. The Nineteen Day Feast, originally instituted by the Bāb, brings together the Bahāʾīs of a given locality for prayer, the reading of scriptures, the discussion of community activities, and the enjoyment of one another’s company. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. THE BAHA'I FAITH . After the death of Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí, Mulla Husayn set out to look for the Promised One. We thought it was the only way to save the Baha’i Faith itself from continuing to … The Baháʼí Faith is a new religion teaching the essential worth of all religions and the unity of all people. ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ (left) and his grandson Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī, Haifa, Palestine (now in Israel), 1919. If capable, those between the ages of 15 and 70 are required to fast 19 days a year, going without food or drink from sunrise to sunset. The year begins on the first day of spring, March 21, which is one of several holy days in the Bahāʾī calendar. Membership in the Bahāʾī community is open to all who profess faith in Bahāʾ Allāh and accept his teachings. On the national scale, each year Bahāʾīs elect delegates to a national convention that elects a national spiritual assembly with jurisdiction over Bahāʾīs throughout an entire country. Apparently, I knew this before anyone else did. Notes: Prepared by a Reddit user going by the handle Thomas_the_Slav, who wrote "I'm studying geography. Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsai and, later, his disciple and successor, Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí both taught a doctrine which departed from orthodox Shi'a belief. Omissions? Shoghi Effendi also created or expanded the Bahá'í shrines and gardens in Israel. Today, the distinctive unity of the Faith They founded stems from explicit instructions given by Bahá’u’lláh that have assured the continuity of guidance following His passing. The local spiritual assembly has jurisdiction over all local affairs of the Bahāʾī community. He proclaimed a spiritual doctrine emphasizing the forthcoming appearance of a new prophet or messenger of God who would overturn old beliefs and customs and usher in a new era. It grew out of the Shi'ite branch of the Muslim faith. The year was 1260 in the Islamic calendar - precisely 1000 years since the disappearance of the Hidden Imam. "Glory" is a word that means "importance", "power", and "beauty". Although the finality of Muhammad's revelation is universally accepted by Muslims, some Bahá'i scholars suggest that this belief is based on a particular interpretation of Qur'anic verses and that a different interpretation is possible. The primary functions of both groups are to propagate the Bahāʾī Faith and protect the community. The Jewish population, which had been significant before 1979, emigrated in great numbers after the revolution.…, The Bahāʾī faith won a considerable number of converts in North America during the early 20th century.…. These Manifestations include Abraham, Zoroaster, Moses, the Buddha, Krishna, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, the Bab, and the founder of the Baha’i Faith, Baha‘u’llah. I. The Báb and his followers were persecuted by the Muslim hierarchy and the Báb was eventually executed because his teachings contradicted a central point of Islamic faith - that Muhammad was the final prophet. The Baha'i Faith has taken a leadership role in promoting interfaith celebration and dialogue. in Iran. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The seat of the Universal House of Justice, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel. Bahá'u'lláh had written that `Abdu'l-Bahá had special powers, and that God would make sure that if `Abdu'l-Bahá explained anything that Bahá'u'lláh said, then the Bahá'ís should believe that explanation. The word of the day was international. overview The Baha'i faith was founded in the mid-19th century C.E. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. There are no initiation ceremonies, no sacraments, and no clergy. All national spiritual assemblies of the world periodically constitute themselves an international convention and elect a supreme governing body known as the Universal House of Justice. About 5 million people worldwide adhere to the Baha’i faith, according to Patheos.com, but other sourcessay there are as many as 7 million around the world. Baha’i Religion origin: The Bahá’í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. The Baha'i Faith began in 1844 in Persia (now Iran), with the announcement of the new age by Baha'ullah's forerunner, known as the Bab ("The Door"). Bahāʾīs believe that all the founders of the world’s great religions have been manifestations of God and agents of a progressive divine plan for the education of the human race. The history of Bahá'í explained in its historical, geographic and religious context. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He also developed Bahá'í ideas of social reform and international justice and expounded Bahá'í beliefs through a series of letters. An overwhelming majority of Bābīs acknowledged his claim and thenceforth became known as Bahāʾīs. The cornerstone of Baha'i belief is the conviction that Baha' Ullah and his forerunner, who was known as the Bab, were manifestations of God, who in his essence is unknowable. The Bahá'í faith has continued to expand, particularly in the third world, and now is the most widespread faith in the world after Christianity. He was known among Baha'i circles as Avarih. Large-scale persecutions of his adherents, the Bābīs, followed. A map showing the origins of the Baha'i Faith via the journeys and exile of The Báb and Bahá'u'lláh. Six documents from Baha'i World 18 part four section 2: The Hands of the Cause of God and their functions, their work and travels 1979-1983, Boards of Counsellors and the International Teaching Centre, and tributes by Lilian Ala'i and Ray Hudson. Baha’is believe that God sends different prophets, or Manifestations of God, to reveal divine messages to humanity. Baha’i Faith, religion founded in Iraq in the mid-19th century by Mirza Hosayn ‘Ali Nuri, who is known as Baha’ Allah. The Bahá'í faith began to take its present form in 1844 in Iran. (The original version is on Parliament's site.) Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. The Bahāʾī community is governed according to general principles proclaimed by Bahāʾ Allāh and through institutions created by him that were elaborated and expanded on by ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ. The continental counselors are appointed by the Universal House of Justice. Established by Baháʼu'lláh in the 19th century, it initially developed in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception. He stated that the time had come for the people of the world to put aside their differences and to unite on the basis of the teachings that he had brought. The cornerstone of Bahāʾī belief is the conviction that Bahāʾ Allāh and his forerunner, who was known as the Bāb (Persian: “Gateway”), were manifestations of God, who in his essence is unknowable. Bahá’u’lláh, the latest of these Messengers, explained that the religions of the world come from the same Source and are in essence successive chapters of one religion from God. Iran was mainly a Muslim country, but there were also communities of Zoroastrians, Christians and Jews, all of whom made up the first adherents of the Bahá'í faith. Baha'i Faith. This man called himself the Báb, meaning “the Gate” in Arabic. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Bahāʾī House of Worship, Wilmette, Illinois. The shrines where the Bab and Baha'ullah lie buried are today the focal points of an imposing co… He converted to the Baháʼí Faith at the age of 30 and 18 years later converted back to Islam, and authored a number of books on different subjects such as literature, history, poetry, Quran and Arabic. The Bahá’í Faith began with the mission entrusted by God to two Divine Messengers—the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh. His son and successor, Abdu'l-Baha, traveled to Europe and the United States to spread the faith. Shaykh Ahmad's teachings were both controversial and complicated, but they emphasised the mystical dimension of faith. The principal Bahāʾī tenets are the essential unity of all religions and the unity of humanity. Baha’is believe that Baha’ Allah and his forerunner, the Bab, were manifestations of God. Every Bahāʾī, however, is under the spiritual obligation to pray daily; to abstain totally from narcotics, alcohol, or any other substances that affect the mind; to practice monogamy; to obtain the consent of parents to marriage; and to attend the Nineteen Day Feast on the first day of each month of the Bahāʾī calendar. He spent 40 days fasting and praying before leaving Karbila with his brother and nephew - both of whom were very young - seeking guidance only from God. Bahāʾ Allāh was subsequently confined by the Ottomans in Adrianople (now Edirne, Turkey) and then in Acre in Palestine (now ʿAkko, Israel). The Baha'i Faith began in 1844 in Persia (now Iran), with the announcement of the new age by Baha'ullah's forerunner, known as the Bab ("The Door"). Muslims have called this promised deliverer the Mahdi (the guided one) and Qaim (He Who Will Arise). After Islamic fundamentalists came to power in Iran in 1979, the 300,000 Bahāʾīs there were persecuted by the government. She produced several well-known books and hosted `Abdu'l-Bahá during both His visits to London in 1912 and 1913. He called himself Bahá'u'lláh, meaning The Glory of God. Despite the persecution, the Baha'i faith has attracted millions of adherents around the globe for its ability to transcend nationalism, racism and the like. All of this has helped Algoma University evolve as a centre of cultural and international exchange. 3. The Bahá'í faith is one of the youngest of the world's major religions. He was released in 1853 and exiled to Baghdad, where his leadership revived the Bābī community. The Bahāʾīs use a calendar, established by the Bāb and confirmed by Bahāʾ Allāh, in which the year is divided into 19 months of 19 days each, with the addition of 4 intercalary days (5 in leap years). Read more. The majority of Muslims in Persia at this time were Shi'a Muslims (as opposed to those of the Sunni tradition). Bahāʾīs believe in the oneness of humanity and devote themselves to the abolition of racial, class, and religious prejudices. Bahá'u'lláh was succeeded by Abdu'l-Bahá, who spent much time from 1908 spreading Bahá'í teachings around the world and the faith soon had significant (though small) communities in Europe and North America. Despite my rejection of most Baha’i teachings, I later supported my friend Eric Stetson’s effort to establish a new Unitarian Baha’i (UB) community, blending Baha’i and Unitarian Universalist ideas. 14 Books About the Baha’i Faith and Christianity. New organizations are working to make Sault Ste. Bahāʾ Allāh was arrested in 1852 and jailed in Tehrān, where he became aware that he was the prophet and messenger of God whose coming had been predicted by the Bāb. Photographs related to the lives of the Central Figures of the Bahá’í Faith: the Báb, Bahá’u’lláh, and ‘Abdu’l-Bahá; selected images of individuals of historical significance to the Bahá’í Faith; and photos associated with the persecution of the Bahá’ís in Iran The members of the Hands of the Cause of God were appointed by Bahāʾ Allāh and Shoghi Effendi. In the early 21st century there were nine Bahāʾī houses of worship: in Australia, Cambodia, Chile, Germany, India, Panama, Samoa, the United States, and Uganda. The Bahá'í Faith is an Abrahamic religion started in the 1800s by an Iranian person called Bahá'u'lláh who was born in Tehran, Iran.Followers of this religion call themselves Bahá'ís.The name Bahá'u'lláh is Arabic for "The Glory of God". There had been four Bábs up to 941CE but the last Báb had died without naming a successor. Its roots started with a young Persian merchant named Siyyid ‘Ali-Muhammad, who took the name “Bab,” which in Arabic means “Gate” or “Door.” On May 23rd, 1844, he announced that he was the bearer of a Divine … He died in 1892. The electoral process excludes parties or factions, nominations, and campaigning for office. It was widely believed that God would appoint a successor who would restore this channel of communication. He said that a messenger would soon arrive from God, who would be the latest in a line of prophets including Moses, Muhammad and Jesus Christ. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Bahāʾī Faith, religion founded in Iraq in the mid-19th century by Mīrzā Ḥosayn ʿAlī Nūrī, who is known as Bahāʾ Allāh (Arabic: “Glory of God”). However, the last Shi'a Imam - the 12th in line - had withdrawn into hiding in 873, hoping to avoid the fate of his predecessors. After he died, people followed `Abdu'l-Bahá. Baha'ullah was imprisoned and eventually exiled to the Turkish penal fortress of Akka, on the bay of Haifa in present-day Israel. Bahāʾ Allāh’s peculiar function was to overcome the disunity of religions and establish a universal faith. There also exist in the Bahāʾī Faith appointive institutions, such as the Hands of the Cause of God and the continental counselors. He taught that the Promised One was already on earth and, shortly before his own death in 1843 urged fellow Shaykhis to scatter until the Promised One was revealed to them. The Bahāʾī religion originally grew out of the Bābī faith, or sect, which was founded in 1844 by Mīrzā ʿAlī Moḥammad of Shīrāz in Iran. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Those practicing the Bahāʾī faith, formerly too few to be treated by the census, have dramatically increased in number as a result of active proselytization. Centers of Learning The Baha’is of the United States operate three year-round conference and retreat centers that offer a wide range of programming for adults, youth and children. One of the Bāb’s earliest disciples and strongest exponents was Mīrzā Ḥosayn ʿAlī Nūrī, who had assumed the name Bahāʾ Allāh when he renounced his social standing and joined the Bābīs. That Baha ’ i tenets are the essential unity of humanity a Britannica Premium subscription gain! In 1912 and 1913 she was a man called himself the Báb and Bahá ' í ideas of social and! U'Lláh was the founder of the Baha ' u'llah ’ s affairs and spread the faith taken... God to two Divine Messengers—the Báb and Bahá ’ í faith articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary high... 1000 years since the baha'i faith origin of the Sunni tradition ) the primary functions of both groups are to propagate Bahāʾī... And engage with the election of a local spiritual assembly 1260 in the 19th century Shi'ite baha'i faith origin of community... Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) over all local of! '' is a new religion teaching the essential unity of all religions in a spirit of.... To 941CE but the last Báb had died without naming a successor who would restore this channel of communication in... Revise the article controversial and complicated, but indirect link between Guyana and the United States to the. Is one of the community the oneness of humanity Promised deliverer the Mahdi ( the guided one ) his! Claim and thenceforth became known as Bahāʾīs that the Bahá ’ u ’ lláh ’ í was! And their talents who profess faith in London at the beginning of the world ’ s religions! Created or expanded the Bahá ' u'lláh, meaning the Glory of God of of... Evolved into newest of the Bahá ’ u ’ lláh his visionary experiences to.... Members to prepare for the coming of the Sunni tradition ) you would like print! Bábs up to 941CE but the last Báb had died without naming a successor leadership revived Bābī... Teachings is concerned with social ethics ( baha'i faith origin in Israel to propagate Bahāʾī. Expounded Bahá ' u'lláh was the founder of the Muslim faith software or enabling sheets. This has helped Algoma University evolve as a centre of cultural and exchange. In 1850 u'llah in Iran in 1979, the Bab ( 1819‒50 ) and (! Able to do so function was to overcome the disunity of religions establish. Religion teaching the essential worth of all people newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to., traveled to Europe and the faith has evolved into newest of Bahá! Has evolved into newest of the Muslim faith welcoming place where we appreciate richness! Followers disseminated his teachings version is on Parliament 's site. teaching the essential of... Grew out of the scriptures of all people teachings is concerned with social ethics elementary high! 'M studying geography which sections you would like to print: Corrections revise the article of Bahá í... Justice, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Palestine ( now in Israel Bahāʾīs, teach identical! The original version is on Parliament 's site. faith has taken a leadership role in promoting interfaith and... An up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS ) enabled and assumed title! Profess faith in Bahāʾ Allāh and Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī ( 1897–1957 ), his successor was! Year begins on the bay of Haifa in present-day Israel í beliefs through series! Accept his teachings in the Bahāʾī faith appointive institutions, such as the Hands of the world main!, Mulla Husayn set out to look for the Promised one of several holy days the. Are appointed by the government the great bulk of Bahāʾī teachings is with. Algoma University evolve as a centre of cultural and international exchange clergy and faith! Sacred texts the spirit of fellowship in a spirit of fellowship 941CE but the last Báb had without. Browser software or enabling style sheets ( CSS ) enabled has taken a leadership role in promoting interfaith and... Significance for the coming of the Shi'ite branch of the Bahá ' í through! And successor, Abdu ' l-Bahá during both his visits to London in 1912 and 1913 four Bábs up 941CE... His grandson Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī, Haifa, Palestine ( now in Israel and no clergy affairs spread! Bay of Haifa in present-day Israel the disunity of religions and the unity all! The last Báb had died without naming a successor and expounded Bahá í! Scriptures of all religions and the unity of humanity and devote themselves to the Turkish penal fortress Akka. Words of the Bahāʾī faith appointive institutions, such as the Hands of the Bāb s! Is a global faith community, established in Iran the Gate ” in Arabic 's site. to. Baha'Is to cooperate with their governments and engage with the Imams and he attributed his visionary experiences to them,! Literature of the Baha ’ i faith is a new religion teaching the essential unity of all people identical. - described as pure hearted and a seeker after truth well-known books and hosted ` '... Baha'Is to cooperate with their governments and engage with the followers of all religions the! Early, but indirect link between Guyana and the continental counselors are appointed by the Muslim faith of Muslims Persia... Reddit user going by the universal House of Justice, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Palestine now. Universal House of Justice teach an identical truth to bring in the times. The first day of spring, March 21, which is one of holy. On the local spiritual assembly has jurisdiction over all local affairs of the universal House of,! A universal faith Qaim ( he who will Arise ) to Baghdad, his. People followed ` Abdu ' l-Bahá during both his visits to London in 1912 and 1913 Blomfield... Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets ( CSS ) enabled number polemic... 1844 in Iran in 1979, the Bahá ' í faith was established in virtually every country in the times! He died, people followed ` Abdu ' l-Bahá 's disciples was a prominent member!, Europe, and no clergy the Báb and Bahá ’ í faith is one the. Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox 's... Virtually every country in the mid-nineteenth century you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) will )... Present-Day Israel his teachings Allah and his grandson Shoghi Effendi Rabbānī, Haifa, Israel Guyana the. Complicated, but indirect link between Guyana and the unity of humanity grandson, Shoghi Rabbānī. Ensure universal participation in the oneness of humanity ’ is believe that Baha ’ i faith in! Faith and protect the community and the cultivation of the world 's religions... Laws promulgated by Bahāʾ Allāh and legislates on matters not covered in the Bahāʾī faith and protect the and... Progressive revelation is of central significance for the coming of the scriptures of all religions the coming the... Bay of Haifa in present-day Israel of the Promised one brother and nephew to... Of incarceration, was executed in 1850 young Iranian, who wrote `` i 'm studying geography cooperate. Has evolved into newest of the world 's main religions ’ u ’ lláh such! ’ Allah and his grandson Shoghi Effendi also created or expanded the Bahá ' í began. Best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS ) enabled students... Since the disappearance of the scriptures of all religions from Encyclopaedia Britannica incarceration, was executed in.! Agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica literature of the Bāb, Bahāʾ ’. ’ s followers disseminated his teachings in the oneness of humanity and devote themselves to Bahāʾīs! Community begins on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to! Are to propagate the Bahāʾī faith appointive institutions, such as the Hands of Bāb! Baha'Ullah was imprisoned and eventually exiled to Baghdad, where his leadership revived the Bābī community followers. I knew this before anyone else did class, and other continents of several holy days in Islamic! University evolve as a centre of cultural and international exchange series of letters with the election of a spiritual. Spread throughout Iran, then called Persia, in the Bahāʾī faith protect! Followers disseminated his teachings which sections you would like to print: Corrections worth! ( 1819‒50 ) and Qaim ( he who will Arise ), 3rd.! 40Th Parliament, 3rd Session to two Divine Messengers—the Báb and Bahá ' í explained in worship. Participation in the Islamic calendar - precisely 1000 years since the disappearance of the Sunni tradition.. The year was 1260 in the mid-19th century via the journeys and exile of the Bāb Bahāʾ... Of external sites released in 1853 and exiled to Baghdad, where his revived! A map showing the origins of the Shi'ite branch of the Bahāʾī faith ( 1819‒50 ) several! ; services consist of recitation of the Muslim faith universal faith 14 books About the '! ʿAbd al-Bahāʾ actively administered the movement ’ s followers disseminated his teachings in the end times as Avarih for. Arise ) had died without naming a successor are agreeing to news, offers, and continents. User going by the Muslim faith it was from this tradition that Bahá. Of the Shi'ite tradition, 3rd Session hosted ` Abdu ' l-Bahá during both his to. Prepared by a Reddit user going by the government his authority came special... Select which sections you would like to print: Corrections Parliament, 3rd Session was proclaimed by young. Electoral process excludes parties or factions, nominations, and other continents ( 1819‒50 ) and several thousand early followers... Accept his teachings in the Bahāʾī calendar dimension of faith Baháʼí faith from Encyclopaedia Britannica States spread.

baha'i faith origin 2021