Later, Bhagan, a king from Lower Ladakh of the Basgo Dynasty, defeated the king of Leh and took on the surname Namgyal (victorious), and founded a new dynasty which still survives today. Gya became the first seat of government of a Mon ruler who was known by the name of Gyapacho. A dispute arose between Nyima Namgyal and Deskyong Namgyal over the marriage of Princess Tashi Wangmo to the King of Kishtawar. The chiefs of the Tubo Empire in Yarlung (which is situated in Central Tibet) had established an aristocracy and displaced the native inhabitants who had an independent state with its own language, literature, and … He took Staktsang Raspa as his religious teacher. During the reign of Sengge Namgyal, who was known as the Lion King, constructions in Ladakh were in full swing. By the later mid of 20th century, Tibetan refugees started to pour into Ladakh. An interesting fact tells that Herodotus also mentioned the gold-digging ants of central Asia, which is also mentioned in connection with the Dardi people of Ladakh by Nearchus. Nyima-Gon, a representative of the ancient Tibetan royal house founded the first Ladakh dynasty after the breakup of the Tibetan Empire in 842 CE. Deldan Namgyal, the successor of Sengge Namgyal had to make a treaty with the Mughals and as a symbol of it, he allowed Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb to build a mosque in Leh. He was later defeated by the Mughals who had already conquered Kashmir and Baltistan. He soon returned to Ladakh, where seeing the plight of the people, decided to stay back. The Kingdom of Ladakh was established around 950 CE when the early Tibetan Empire collapsed. The Kharoshti inscription discovered near Khalatse Bridge tells that Ladakh in the 1st Century was under the rule of the Kushan Empire. This paper is an attempt to string together the Pre 9th political history and the post 9th political history of Ladakh till 12 th CE. Mulbeek Kalon Rtadin with a force of 200 men ambushed the Dogras and killed around 60 men including some of Zorawar’s top lieutenants. The Mongols came from Tibet as nomads and gradually overpowered the Mons and Dards. King Singge Namgyal had consolidated the Ladakhi Empire into a strong kingdom. Finally, the Ladakhis asked the Mughals for help. History of Ladakh Information about Ladakh before the birth of the kingdom during the 9th century is scarce. Ambassador to India John Kenneth Galbraith and Prime Minister Nehru conferring at the time of the conflict. The history of Ladakh can be divided into three periods: the ancient period (till 10th century AD), the medieval period (10th century-19th century) and the modern period (19th century-till date). Areas under Ladakhi rule rose in revolt. An early king, Lde-dpal-hkhor-btsan (c. 870 -900) was responsible for the construction of several monasteries in Ladakh, including the Upper Manahris Monastery. On 31 October 2019, Ladakh was declared a separate Union Territory which is to be administered by a Lieutenant Governor. Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin of Kashmir invaded Ladakh in the mid-15th century. He was awarded Padma Bhushan, India’s third highest civilian award, in 1989 for his contribution to the society. It conquered Zangskar and beat back a series of invasions from Kashmir and Kashgar. [7] [8] Ladakh was divided, with Lower Ladakh ruled by King Takpabum from Basgo and Temisgam, and Upper Ladakh by King Takbumde from Leh and Shey. The eldest son, Pal Gyi Gon received Ladakh, with its capital at Shey, the second son, Tashi Gon received Ngaris, and the third son, Detsug Gon received Zangskar and Spiti. By then, Kalon Bangkapa Morup Stanzin had raised a force of 2000 men and rallied the retreating Ladakhi forces. Matters came to a head between Tashi Namgyal and Phuntsog Namgyal. The Hindu Dogra Dynasty ruled Jammu and … U.S. Ladakh was an independent country since the middle of the 10 th century. Thupstan Chhewang became the first Chief Executive Councillor. The old king was reinstated but the real power lay in the hands of Kalon Bangkapa and Basgo Kalon. He built the historic 9- storeyed Leh palace and made the other neighboring countries envy of such an elegant palace. Both sent envoys to the Dalai Lama requesting mediation. Amnesty was granted to the Kalon of Stog. Ladakh sent military expeditions into Baltistan throughout the 18th century with great success. Ladakh was captured by Dogras and the famous Sino-Sikh war took place. But he died at a young age due to a fall from horse. The Dogras retreated but the Ladakhis failed to take advantage of this success. The tomb of Rinchen Shah located in Srinagar. Medieval history of Ladakh (1,300 AD to 1,800 AD) For nearly two centuries till about 1600, Ladakh was subject to raids and invasions from neighbouring Muslim states. Tsewang Tondup proved to be an able administrator. In the 1st century, Ladakh was the part of the Kushan Empire. Only Leh accepted the offer. She ruled Ladakh briefly and was succeeded by her son, Phuntsog Namgyal. Golden Era of 17th Century. Tibetan forces briefly subdued the natives for brief periods of time during 7th and 8th centuries. He was not only a strong monarch but a statesman, a diplomat and a builder. The enemy forces were defeated. He facilitated the education of the masses and raised the issue of the need for all round development of the region at every forum. After that the Uighurs under Mirza Haider repeatedly invaded Ladakh in the first half of 16th century. History of Ladakh: | | ||| | Map of Kashmir with modern Ladakh highlighted in ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The Kingdom of Ladakh was established around 950 CE when the early Tibetan Empire collapsed. But before the recognition of the boy, the couple divorced. It was certainly against the aristocratic norms if not the royal norms. Livestock has not only provided food to the native people of Ladakh but also wool for clothing. King Tashi Namgyal (1555–1575) managed to repel most Central Asian raiders, and built a royal fort on the top of the Namgyal Peak. The entire region came out onto the streets demanding political autonomy. Tagspa Bum Lde became the King of Upper Ladakh while his younger brother, Tagspa Bum, became the King of Lower Ladakh. As news of it reached Ladakh, a final uprising, supported by the Tibetans, against the Dogras. The Kingdom of Ladakh at its greatest extent under King Tsewang Namgyal. Deskyong Namgyal, first, married Nyilza Wangmo, a princess of Mustang. In 1988, Thupstan Chhewang became the President of Ladakh Buddhist Association (LBA) while, Nawang Rigzin Jora became the General Secretary. The commanders agreed but the Queen disagreed. Jamyang Namgyal came to the throne after his brother, Tsewang Namgyal. Ladakh is the Northern most division of Indian Union which falls in Jammu and Kashmir state. The first settlement along the Indus river was established by Mons from the region of Kullu and another tribe called the Brokpas, toward the west of Ladakh, originating from Giglit. Ladakh Ladakh ("land of high passes") Hindi: लद्दाख़ ; Urdu: ‫اخ‬ّ‫د‬َ‫ل‬ )is a region of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Karakoram mountain range in the north to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent (According to Hinduism Yaksha people born from 5th wife of Kashyapa Rishi). Official figures say it claimed 255 lives. In the winter of 1834-35, he outflanked the Dogras and wiped out their garrison in Kargil. In 1949, Communist China occupied Tibet and in 1959, after a failed rebellion against the Chinese occupation, the Dalai Lama and thousands of Tibetan refugees fled their country and the Indian Government gave them asylum. He then married the daughter of Cho of Sod, who gave him 2 sons: Tsetan Namgyal and Tsepel Tondup Namgyal. The State Government refused to grant the Council any real powers. The Cho of Gya asked the ruler of Ngaris, Skyid-Lde Nyimagon for assistance. He divided his domains between his three sons. Stok Palace built by Tsepel Tondup Namgyal. Tagspa Bum Lde outlawed animal slaughter and build the Chamba (Maitreya) Temple in Leh while Tagspa Bum build the Fortress of Tigmosgang. Tsetan Namgyal succeeded his father as king. Buddhism spread into western Ladakh from Kashmir in the 2nd century. For The earliest inhabitants of Ladakh in the ancient times are believed to be a mix of nomadic herdsmen from the Tibetan plateau and a small group of early Buddhist refugees from northern India called the monks. Languages Of Ladakh. About Ladakh history, the earliest inhabitants of Ladakh were the Khampa nomads, who domesticated yaks. When the Partition of the Indian subcontinent took place in 1947, the princely states were given 3 choices: to join the Indian union or Pakistan or to remain independent. Deskyong Namgyal died a few months later in 1739. In 1989, he was appointed as India’s ambassador to Mongolia. In 1947, Ladakh became a part of India and came under the capital of Srinagar. Despite stiff resistance, Indian troops regained the peaks hitherto occupied by the enemy. Ground patrols and aerial reconnaissance revealed the full extent of the intrusion. Nevertheless, it became a significant element in Ladakhi politics. His historic speech on the floor of the Legislative Assembly on 12th April, 1952, drew the attention of the world towards the plight of the Ladakhis, who were struggling to adapt to the modern world that they were being exposed to, for the first time in their history. Ladakh History #share & #follow Throughout Ladakh, the loom is commonly referred to as thags-cha and the weaver as thags-mkhan. Deskyong Namgyal succeeded his father, Nyima Namgyal, who abdicated in 1729. Crown Prince Rinchen Shah, son of King Lhachen Gyalpo, went to Srinagar, Kashmir and played an active part in the power struggle there. The present day Gya-Meru area was the first to be settled. He, indeed, was the face of Ladakh for more than 5 decades. The history of Ladakh can be traced in a better way after the 9th Century. Thereafter, he was appointed member of the Minorities Commission. A British official called Ladakh the Suez Canal of Central Asia and Leh, the Port Said of Central Asia. He took on the surname Namgyal (meaning victorious) and founded a new dynasty which still survives today. Traders came from Tibet in the east, Kullu in the south, Muslims from Balti valley in west and caravans from Central Asia in the north. He moved up the Losar (New Year) celebrations by 2 months. The forces clashed at Langkartse. By the end of July, the conflict was officially over. Its main objective was to obtain Union Territory status for Ladakh. In August 2019, a reorganisation act was passed by the Parliament of India which had a provision to reconstitute Ladakh as a union territory, separate from Jammu & Kashmir. The Chronicles of Ladakh, written in 17th century, leaves a huge gap during the 12th century. His Prime Minister was Basgo Kalon Tsewang Tondup. In 2010, the remaining members of the party led by Thupstan Chhewang joined the Bhartiya Janta Party. A hastily constructed airstrip hastened their arrival. Independent kingdoms were formed under independent rulers that mostly were from Tibetan royal family. He built the historic 9- storeyed Leh palace and made the other neighboring countries envy of such an elegant palace. He convened a council at Hanley in 1761 where all the disputed parties and the aristocracy gathered. He commissioned the construction of many monasteries in Ladakh including the popular Hemis Monastery. Movie shot by Ed van der Kooy who visited Ladakh in 1978. In 1940, during the Lhasa Monlams Chhenmo or the Great Prayer Festival of Lhasa, he achieved the first rank or the Geshes Lharampa Degree, the first Ladakhi to do so. The revenue from it greatly contributed to the wealth of the Kingdom since time immemorial. The rock carvings found in several parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times. But decided against it, when the people of Nubra pleaded with him to not to attack as it would damage the trade between them and Xinjiang. In 2001, he was awarded Polar Star by the Mongolian Government for his efforts in reviving Buddhism in the country. He also promoted horse polo in Ladakh. In early 1999, as the Lahore Summit was taking place between India and Pakistan, Pakistani troops occupied vacant Indian military posts in the area around Kargil with an aim to cut-off Ladakh from Kashmir and force Indian military from the Siachen glacier and ultimately force India to negotiate on the Kashmir issue. Between the 1380s and early 1510s, many Islamic missionaries propagated Islam and proselytised the Ladakhi people. Dawa Shah Srangar (on horseback), leader of the Lopchak Mission to Tibet. Bakula Rinpoche vehemently opposed this attitude in his 1952 speech in the State Legislative Assembly and drew the attention of the world to the plight of the Ladakhis. The Queen felt insulted and went back to Zangla. Rally demanding Union Territory for Ladakh held in Leh in March 2019. The heir-apparent to the throne, Jigmet Singey Namgyal, was crowned as the King of Ladakh. It is located between the Karakoram Mountains in the north and the Himalayan mountains in the south. It is also called Bodhi, which is a Tibetic styled language. Tribal raiders backed by Pakistan invaded the state. The two forces again clashed near Chang La. Tashi Namgyal would continue to rule Purig till his death after which it would revert back to the King of Ladakh. Information about Ladakh before the birth of the kingdom during the 10th century is scarce. Right from the outset, Ladakh was neglected by the government based in Srinagar. History of Ladakh für CHF 31.35. In 1679, Tibeto-Mongol forces under the command of a Mongol prince, Galdan Tsewang, invaded Ladakh. History of Ladakh. His domain extended crosswise over Spiti and western Tibet the distance to the Mayumla arranged past Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar. 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