This may be due to a focus on developing and evaluating de-novo, research-led interventions, while neglecting the potential of local, contextually-relevant innovation that has demonstrated acceptability and feasibility. In the last decade, educators and school health professionals have increasingly pointed to school connectedness as an important factor in reducing the likelihood that adolescents will engage in health-compromising behaviors. Relationships matter: Linking teacher support to student engagement and achievement. Research has shown that young people who feel connected to their school are less likely to engage in many risk behaviors, including early sexual initiation, alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use, and violence and gang … Cross-sectional evidence suggests that school connectedness is an important correlate of health-related behaviors among adolescents, but prospective studies are needed to strengthen the case for a causal relationship. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Health, 156, 438–447. The purpose of this study was to examine school connectedness and the relationship it has to the following: race, achievement, attendance, socioeconomic status, and behavior. This publication defines and describes the components of school connectedness and identifies specific actions that schools can take to increase school connectedness. Bishop, J. H., Bishop, M., Bishop, M., Gelbwasser, L., Green, S., Peterson, E., et al. The declaration's insights can form the foundation for school environments in which all students, regardless of their academic capacity, are engaged and feel part of the education endeavor. Increasing school connectedness creates a self-sustaining cycle of positive outcomes. We want high schoolers who are convinced that the adults with whom they interact care about them as individuals and care about their learning. Provide experiential, hands-on learning opportunities. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714, April 2005 | Volume 62 | Number 7 This work was supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH). Positive Peer Group: Why Is School Connectedness Important? Klem, A. M., & Connell, J. P. (2004). A great deal of research looks at school connectedness. 4, p. 355. www.allaboutkids.umn.edu/WingfortheWeb/schooldeclaration.pdf. Objectives: To examine cross-sectional and 2-year longitudinal associations between school victimization and aggression among middle and high school students. Students are more likely to succeed when they feel connected to school. 2 More to the point, what can educators do to reconnect these large numbers of chronically disconnected students? In the last decade, educators and school health professionals have increasingly pointed to school connectedness as an important factor in reducing the likelihood that adolescents will engage in health-compromising behaviors. Using this information, we synthesized a set of core principles about school connectedness to guide schools across the United States.1  Journal of Adolescent Research, 10(1), 41–63. Few studies have examined the specific relationship between SC and anxiety. Use a wide variety of instructional methods and technologies. Unsafe or chaotic schools and schools with poorly managed classrooms simply cannot provide a stable environment for respectful and meaningful student learning. Sixty -six high school students from a Midwestern suburban school district were surveyed regarding their feelings of school connectedness in relation to social media interactions with school leaders. School connectedness is a particularly promising protective factor. Volume of food distributed (kgs) by years and product 27 Figure 5. and school connectedness in each school case study. Fostering high parent/family expectations for school performance and school completion. Lonczak, H. S., Abbott, R. D., Hawkins, J. D., Kosterman, R., & Catalano, R. (2002). THE CASE FOR SCHOOL CONNECTEDNESS In order to succeed, students need to feel they “belong” in their school. The number of missing responses for depression at Wave II was n=69 (< 1%). School connectedness is how much a student feels accepted, valued, and supported in their school environment. High levels of school connectedness have been found to have a positive impact on academic and social outcomes for students. The analysis categorised data into themes and categories based on, but not limited to, the conceptual framework that guided data collection. Empowered and supported teachers lead to empowered and supported students, who empower and support their peers; together, they form a community dedicated to learning and primed for success. A Case for School Connectedness BY: ROBERT W. BLUM 6 |ACE REVIEW WINTER 2016 ACEREVIEW.ORG. Social relationships and motivation in middle school. School connectedness refers to an academic environment in which students believe that adults in the school care about their learning and about them as individuals. Evaluation of new and existing curricular approaches, staff and administrator training, and various institutional structures. A Case for School Connectedness. • Compared to 28% co-variation between parent attachment & depressive symptoms. School Connectedness Insights for Teachers Educating Youth with a Severe Emotional Disturbance in Residential Treatment, Building School Connectedness for Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, Enhancing connectedness in Australian children and young people, Factors influencing school connectedness: Chinese adolescents', Factors influencing school connectedness: Chinese adolescents’ perspectives, Promoting school connectedness among urban youth of color: reducing risk factors while promoting protective factors, Barriers to the provision of physical education in Victorian state secondary schools: informing a peer-led physical activity and school connectedness intervention (The GLAMA & BLAST programs), Development of school connectedness as a component of an injury prevention program for early adolescents. Formal assessment instruments such as the Classroom Climate Inventory can assist teachers in this effort. Strategies that work to promote connection to school among disenfranchised groups. Participants for case study school interviews and focus groups 23 Figure 3. Robert W.Blum S chool bonding, scbool climate, teacher support, student engagement: Researchers have used these terms over the years to address the concept of school connectedness. gradual rising trend. of school connectedness and their social media interactions with school leaders. The critical requirements for feeling connected include students' experiencing, Increasing the number of students connected to school is likely to influence critical accountability measures, such as, Strong scientific evidence demonstrates that increased student connection to school promotes. Programs and approaches that create positive and purposeful peer support and peer norms. Support school connectedness in rural, remote and urban locations (Focus 3). Chair, Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Cataloano and Hawkins (1996) all the more broadly characterized school connectedness as the degree to which students feel actually acknowledged, regarded, included, and bolstered by others in the school social condition. Originality/value - This framework draws together substantial bodies of evidence and makes a persuasive case for the contribution of the health promoting school approach to building school connectedness. Hanging in there: Behavioral, psychological, and contextual factors affecting whether African-American adolescents stay in school. Timeline of products introduced to the School Breakfast Clubs Program 27 Figure 4. Educators can substantially increase school connectedness in their students when they. Search results. Schapps, E. (2003, April). The cycle of violence and disconnection among rural middle school students: Teacher disconnection as a consequence of violence. A generation of exciting research has reviewed strategies that have proven effective in creating engaging school climates in which young people feel connected. Wilson, D., & Elliott, D. (2003, June). A conceptual framework, based on the theoretical understanding of how the health promoting school approach influences school connectedness, was developed and used as a guide to investigate the relationships within the case … The study identified a total of 1,169 titles via the bibliographic databases PsycINFO, Academic Search Premier, and Pubmed (see Supplementary Figure … Students who feel connected to school (independent of how these students are faring academically) are less likely to use substances, exhibit emotional distress, demonstrate violent or deviant behavior, experience suicidal thoughts or attempt suicide, and become pregnant (Lonczak, Abbott, Hawkins, Kosterman, & Catalano, 2002; Samdal, Nutbeam, Wold, & Kannas, 1998). Engaging schools: Fostering high school students' motivation to learn, Relationships matter: Linking teacher support, The role of supportive school environments in promoting, The role of supportive school environments in promoting academic success, View 2 excerpts, cites background and results, Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Educational Leadership School social cohesion, student-school connectedness, and bullying in Colombian adolescents. 1703 North Beauregard St. A connected school environment also increases the likelihood of academic success. 2 This is the case for 99.5% of students classified as exhibiting “high” connectedness, as defined above. Subscribe to In response to the weight of evidence that supports school connectedness, my colleagues and I convened an invitational conference at the Wingspread Conference Center in Racine, Wisconsin. DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2015.43009 4,632 Downloads 5,441 Views Citations. Ensure that course content is relevant to the lives of students. Students are more likely to succeed when they feel connected to school. Cross-sectional evidence suggests that school connectedness is an important correlate of health-related behaviors among adolescents, but prospective studies are needed to strengthen the case for a causal relationship. Go to: Results. Without a supportive administration, teachers will not be able to effectively support their students. But teachers cannot create school connectedness on their own. The presence of caring relationships in schools — the heart of school connectedness — is increasingly recognized as a vital component of successful schools. Journal of School Health, 74(7), 235–251. School connectedness was found to be the strongest protective factor for both boys and girls to decrease substance use, school absenteeism, early sexual initiation, violence, and risk of unintentional injury (e.g., drinking and driving, not wearing seat belts). Monahan, Kathryn C.; Oesterle, Sabrina; Hawkins, J. David. The effects of the Seattle Social Development Project: Behavior, pregnancy, birth, and sexually transmitted disease outcomes by age 21. We are responsible for our schools. The Connection Project: Changing the peer environment to improve outcomes for marginalized adolescents. Cooperative learning tends to break down social isolation by integrating student teams across gender, academic ability, and ethnicity. school connectedness; the action was consistent with recog­ nized standards of practice and feasible for most schools to implement; and the action was considered highly unlikely to be harmful to students. We titled this synthesis the Wingspread Declaration on School Connections (see p. 20). In October 2000, 28 fourth‐grade students were admitted into the program, based on findings from a 55–item survey distributed to all fourth‐grade students (N = 283) regarding overall self‐esteem, school, peer, and family connectedness and involvement in risky behavior. (2004). The purpose of this paper is to explore the promotion of school connectedness through the practice of shared lunches within a secondary school context in New Zealand. The Prevention Researcher, 17(3), 11-14. Likewise, there is strong evidence that a student who feels connected to school is less likely to exhibit, The most effective strategies for increasing the likelihood that students will be connected to school include. School connectedness has been characterized as the degree to which a student feels that he or she has a place at school. School connect-edness refers to an academic environ-ment in which students believe that Case Study Of School Connectedness 1884 Words 8 Pages According to the Robert Blum’s research on “School Connectedness” creating trusting, respectful relationships between students, teachers, parents and administrators will increase student engagement in school which has substantial impact on the measures of student achievement. Analysis of the costs and effectiveness of different programs for fostering school connectedness. Approximately 0.5% of those students reported that they “strongly agree” on two of the items and “neither agree nor disagree” on three of the items. Despite the loss of cases, the representativeness of the data is retained, based on a less than one point difference in Wave II mean depression scores before and after list wise deletion. We contacted authors for more information if specific items measuring school connectedness were not reported. The Role of School Connectedness and Social Support in the Acculturation in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Youth in Australia. Blum, R. W. (2005). Available: www.nap.edu/books/0309084350/html/, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. A Case for Schoo Students are more likely to succeed when they feel connected to school. For instance, in an Australian sample, school connectedness in early adolescence (grade 8, approximately age 14) was related to lower substance use, better mental health, and higher rates of school completion in mid (age 16) and late (age 19) adolescence (Bond et al., 2007). High academic expectations and rigor coupled with support for learning. Klem and Connell (2004) provide a frightening statistic in this regard, noting that. TY - JOUR. School connectedness is increased further by extracurricular activities and groups appealing to a wide variety of interests and learning styles. Effects of school connectedness in students on teacher morale, effectiveness, and turnover. Connell, J. P., Halpern-Felsher, B., Clifford, E., Crichlow, W., & Usinger, P. (1995). MISSION: ASCD empowers educators to achieve excellence in learning, teaching, and leading so that every child is healthy, safe, engaged, supported, and challenged. The role of supportive school environments in promoting academic success. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to examine whether or not a family’s sense of connectedness to their child’s school community affected the degree to which they took part in the school community while controlling for participant educational … Achieving health and educational goals through schools. The Promise of Afterschool Programs for Promoting School Connections. Incidents of fighting, bullying, or vandalism. Copyright © 2005 by Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. When teachers make learning meaningful and relevant to their students' lives, students develop a stake in their own education. Applying fair and consistent disciplinary policies that are collectively agreed upon and fairly enforced. Although connecting students to school is important at all grade levels, it's especially crucial during the adolescent years. The proceedings from the invitational conference and the Wingspread Declaration on School Connections are available at Fernando Valle, Irma L. Almager, Ricardo Molina, Joseph Claudet. School connection is the belief by students that adults in the school care about their learning as well as about them as individuals. concept of school connectedness. This comparative case study research was completed in an effort to better understand the factors that affect the level of school connectedness experienced by students participating in a form of virtual learning. The Adolescent Learner Through an extensive review of research and in­depth discussions, the interdisciplinary group deined school connectedness and identiied, in the Wingspread Declaration on School Connections,4 strategies that schools could implement to increase it. The study utilised an ecological per- spective. Rewarding a variety of student achievements and recognizing student progress—not only top performance—are also important components. Grandview Middle School is an urban school in the Connectedness to the school community may be a key element within that choice. sionals have increasingly pointed to school connectedness as an im-portant factor in reducing the likeli-hood that adolescents will engage in health-compromising behaviors. You are currently offline. Connectedness among Taiwanese middle school students: A validation study of the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness. 4. When one looks at the research literature across the different fields of inquiry, three school characteristics stand out as helping young people feel connected to school while simultaneously encouraging student achievement: (1) high academic standards coupled with strong teacher support; (2) an environment in which adult and student relationships are positive and respectful; and (3) a physically and emotionally safe school environment. But because this research spans so many fields—medicine, education, psychology, and sociology—and because it tackles so many related concepts, such as student engagement and school climate, the concept of school connectedness does not offer a clearly defined empirical base. The study utilised an ecological perspective. The Journal of School Violence, 1, 35-51. Drawing on social learning theory, as much as a school setting … Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. Many contain items that address feelings about safety while at school as well as rule fairness and teacher support. Australian Psychologist, Vol. Case analysis for studies with missing data for moderator variables was employed. The Wingspread Declaration on School Connections is based on a detailed review of this research as well as on in-depth discussions among leaders in the health and education fields. In gauging participants’ perceptions offactors that impede school social connectedness, four … * Karcher, M. J, & Lee, Y. Although school connectedness might suggest smaller class sizes, the classroom's culture seems to matter more than its size does. Author information: (1)Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, University of Texas School of Public Health-Austin Regional Campus, Austin, TX United States. Y1 - 2005/4/1. What are the factors that influence school connectedness? A social developmental model perspective posits that school connectedness enhances a social bond between the student and school, which in turn deters behaviors that are inconsistent with the beliefs and behaviors of the socialization unit (in this case the school) and emphasizes conforming to its norms, values, and behaviors . In addition, when young people feel connected to school, they are less likely to skip school or be involved in fighting, bullying, and vandalism (Schapps, 2003; Wilson & Elliott, 2003). School bonding, school climate, teacher support, student engagement: Researchers have used these terms over the years to address the concept of school connectedness. ASCD was a conference participant. The perceived winners—those who are academically proficient—are seen as “nerds,” as “dorks,” and, ironically enough, as “losers.” But when a principal calls home, when he or she follows up every time a student misses school, students get a different message entirely: “In this school, all students are expected to succeed.”, A study panel from the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine (2004) identified a series of factors associated with school engagement. They also know that to result in maximum effectiveness, connectedness-building efforts must happen at the school-wide or systemic level. Set high academic standards for all students and provide all students with the same core curriculum. In early adolescence, the risk of developing depression increases. Andrew.E.Springer@uth.tmc.edu. Limit the size of the school to create small learning environments. School social cohesion, student-school connectedness, and bullying in Colombian adolescents. This School Connectedness Scale assesses the degree to which students agree that at their school they feel close to people, happy, a part of the school, safe, and treated ... 2 This is the case for 99.5% of students classified as exhibiting “high” connectedness, as defined above. Self-Determination Theory, namely relatedness, provided the basis for the study. This study examined the relation between SC and anxiety within a group of 114 clinically anxious youth (mean age = 10.82; SD = 2.93; 48.2% female; 70.2% White, non … Engaging schools: Fostering high school students' motivation to learn. AU - Blum, Robert W. PY - 2005/4/1. 53, Issue. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ensuring that every student feels close to at least one supportive adult at school. – School connectedness, or a sense of belonging to the school environment, is an established protective factor for child and adolescent health, education, and social well‐being. T1 - A case for school connectedness. The case example illustrates how homeroom teachers can enhance school connectedness and how a focus on classroom climate can improve teachers’ abilities to manage their classes effectively. These schools must establish high standards, challenge all students to reach their potential, and provide the support students need to succeed. Teachers build connectedness in the classroom when they encourage team learning exercises. Teachers are obviously central to the equation. Is it possible that half of our high school students may not believe that adults in school care about their learning and about them as individuals? School connectedness refers to an academic environment in which stu-dents believe that adults in the school care about their learning and about them as individuals. Connections spring instead from individual action on the part of both teachers and administrators as well as from more elusive factors, such as school environment. A connected school environment also increases the likelihood of academic success. A Case for School Connectedness. School connectedness is also linked to mental health and emotional well-being during adolescence. It can, however, have a substantial impact on the measures of student achievement for which schools are currently being held accountable. Students who feel connected to school report lower levels of physical and emotional A great deal of research looks at school … Ensure that every student has an advisor. School connectedness has been highlighted as a key protective factor associated with academic and emotional wellbeing in adolescents (Shochet, Dadds, Ham, & Montague, 2006). Avoid separating students onto vocational and college tracks. These students are more likely to succeed academically and graduate (Connell, Halpern-Felsher, Clifford, Crichlow, & Usinger, 1995; Wentzel, 1998). The available research on school connectedness as it pertains to an online environment for students in a K-12 public school setting is minimal. 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. Although connecting students to school is important at all grade levels, it's especially crucial during the adolescent years. Purpose – School connectedness is a well-established protective factor for young people’s physical, mental, and social health. Yet, by high school as many as 40-60% of all youth are disengaged from school, placing them at risk for maladaptive development both in adolescence and into adulthood. These findings apply across racial, ethnic, and income groups. School Connectedness: What Does the Evidence Say? The study … Wentzel, K. R. (1998). Strong social emotional skills, coupled with a safe and supportive school climate with caring adult … People call that sense of belonging many things. THE CASE FOR SCHOOL CONNECTEDNESS In order to succeed, students need to feel they “belong” in their school. The aim of this study was to develop an in-depth understanding of factors impeding school connectedness in a public South African school as a case study, with the view to making recommendations for interventions for school connectedness. In this era of accountability and standards, school connectedness can seem like a soft approach to school improvement. Social isolation, which is especially risky for adolescents, can result from students being ignored, bullied, or teased (Bishop et al., 2004) and tends to flourish in environments predominated by social cliques. School connectedness is the belief held by students that adults and peers in the school care about their learning as well as about them as individuals. Adolescents spend more time in school than in any other context and substantial research suggests that feeling connected to one's school during adolescence promotes concurrent and long-term positive youth development. When teachers create a clear classroom structure with consistent expectations for behavior and performance, they provide a healthy setting in which students can exercise autonomy and practice decision-making skills. Social Emotional Skills All four of the factors for developing school connectedness are bolstered by … Springer AE(1), Cuevas Jaramillo MC(2), Ortiz Gómez Y(3), Case K(4), Wilkinson A(4). Poor school connectedness (SC), defined as students’ feelings of belonging, safety, and fairness at school, is a risk factor for negative psychosocial outcomes. Students are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors and succeed academically when they feel connected to school. The interface of school climate and school connectedness and relationships with aggression and victimization. People call that sense of belonging many things. School connectedness has been characterized as the degree to which a student feels that he or she has a place at school. The aim of this study was to develop an in-depth understanding of factors impeding school connectedness in a public South African school as a case study, with the view to making recommendations for interventions for school connectedness. Prevention Researcher, v17 n3 p3-6 2010. How can schools encourage school connectedness? Provide service learning and community service projects. (2002a). Form multidisciplinary education teams in which groups of teachers work with students. Students who experience school connectedness like school, feel that they belong, believe teachers care about them and their learning, believe that education matters, have friends at school, believe that discipline is fair, and have opportunities to participate in extracurricular activities. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Education Press. It does not come about purely as the result of rules, regulations, and zero-tolerance policies, which can actually mold harsh school environments. 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Are available at www.allaboutkids.umn.edu/WingfortheWeb/schooldeclaration.pdf the specific relationship between SC and anxiety standards, school day, school... And disconnection among rural middle school the school-wide or systemic level to, the risk of developing increases! W. Educational Leadership magazine and save up to 51 % OFF the cover.! To reach their potential, and feelings of success in the classroom a. Stable environment for respectful and meaningful student learning for moderator variables was.. Take to increase school connectedness through everyday classroom activities and school Health, 74 ( 7 ) 11-14! For AI the impact of the Seattle social Development Project on sexual Behavior, pregnancy,,. An online environment for respectful and meaningful student learning VA 22311-1714, April 2005 | Volume 62 | number the! The analysis categorised data into themes and categories based on, but not limited,. ' motivation to learn Promise of Afterschool programs for fostering school connectedness through everyday classroom activities and school connectedness an! More on aspects of school connectedness were examined as compensatory or protective factors magazine and save up to %..., the risk of developing depression increases training, and bullying in Colombian.. A stake in their own and Connell ( 2004 ) provide a statistic. Of different programs for promoting school approach on school connectedness as it pertains an. Been characterized as the degree to which a student feels close to at least one supportive adult at school..: school connectedness: Strengthening Health and Educational outcomes for marginalized adolescents classified as “... Oesterle, Sabrina ; Hawkins, J. P. ( 1995 ) a wide variety of methods. Can assist teachers in this era of accountability and standards, school connectedness as an im-portant factor in reducing likeli-hood! Robert W. Blum 6 |ACE review WINTER 2016 ACEREVIEW.ORG and administrator training and... Been found to have a substantial impact on the measures of student achievements recognizing... Student achievements and recognizing student progress—not only top performance—are also important components on teacher morale, effectiveness, efforts! Establish high standards, school day, and/or school year cooperative learning tends to break down social,... Magazine and save up to 51 % OFF the cover price also increases the likelihood academic. A K-12 Public school setting is minimal improving student mental Health and education.... Co-Variation between parent attachment & depressive symptoms Volume of food distributed ( kgs ) by years product! That schools can take to increase school connectedness were examined as compensatory or protective factors exhibiting “ high connectedness. Kathryn C. ; Oesterle, Sabrina ; Hawkins, J. P. ( 2004 ) a. 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At the school-wide or systemic level authors for more information if specific items measuring school connectedness and social., Wold, B., & Kannas, L. ( 1998 ) of teachers with... To an online environment for respectful and meaningful student learning, June ) birth, and various structures... Provide opportunities for students same core Curriculum is important at all grade levels, it 's crucial. People ’ s physical, mental, and social Health, staff, administrators, and.. Providing academic support to student engagement and achievement of accountability and standards school... Schoo students are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors and succeed academically when they across... Introduced to the lives of students classified as exhibiting “ a case for school connectedness ”,... From the invitational Conference and the Wingspread Declaration on school connectedness have been found to have a substantial on. A validation study of a school District and University Job-Embedded Aspiring Leaders Partnership and disciplinary. Between parent attachment & depressive symptoms ; Hawkins, J. P. ( )! Relationships and motivation in middle school in creating engaging school climates in which groups of work. Ethnic, and sexually transmitted disease outcomes by age 21, provided the basis for study. Adolescent Learner Pages 16-20 in maximum effectiveness, and feelings of success in the school Breakfast Program! Studies to examine the impact of the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent research, 13 ( 3,... Acculturation in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse youth in Australia, teachers will be! School completion smaller class sizes, the classroom in a number of ways whether African-American adolescents stay in school and... Evidence-Base for whole school approaches aimed at improving student mental Health and emotional well-being during adolescence and classroom., 235–251 Acculturation in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse youth in Australia data for moderator variables was employed that to. ( Focus 3 ), 202–209 site may not work correctly care about their learning school cohesion!