It was a monarchy in Northern Germany, ruled by the House of Hanover, cadet branch of the House of Welf, … In 1801 24,000 Brandenburg-Prussian soldiers invaded, surprising Hanover, which surrendered without a fight. The War of the First Coalition against France (1792–1797) with Great Britain-Hanover and other war allies forming the coalition, did not affect Hanoverian territory, since the first French Republic was fighting on several fronts, even on its own territory. 10 août 2012 - The Electorate of Hanover (formally the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; German: Churfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg, colloquially Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. The Electorate was legally indivisible: it could add to its territory, but not alienate territory or be split up among several heirs – as used to be the rule before, having led at times to a multitude of Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), colloquially Electorate of Hanover (Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover), was established in 1692 as the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire.. But George II did not recognise the convention. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? In autumn 1805, at the beginning of the War of the Third Coalition against France (1805), the French occupying troops left Hanover in a campaign against Austria. Hanover County Voter Registration & Elections Phone: 804-365-6080 Make a Public Records (FOIA) Request Electoral Board & Registrar Freedom of Information Act point of contact Teresa F. Smithson E-mail: [email protected] Virginia State Board of Elections Phone: 804-864-8901 Kurfürstentum Hannover - Electorate of Hanover. In 1795 the Holy Roman Empire declared its neutrality, including Hanover; however, a peace treaty with France was under negotiation until it failed in 1799. The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692 and this elevation was confirmed by the Imperial Diet in 1708. In December the Empire of the French, since 1804 France's new government, ceded Hanover, which it did not hold any more, to Brandenburg-Prussia, which captured it early in 1806. In the following year the British army, supported by troops from Brandenburg-Prussia, Hesse-Kassel and the ducal Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel) again expelled the occupants. The British first ignored Brandenburg-Prussia's hostility, but when the latter joined the pro-French coalition of armed neutral powers including Denmark-Norway and Russia, Britain began to capture Brandenburg-Prussian ships. electorate of hanover in a sentence - Use "electorate of hanover" in a sentence 1. Hannover was an independent political entity, separate from the British Empire. As part of the German Mediatisation of 25 February 1803, the Electorate received the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück in real union, whose every second ruler had been alternately members of the House of Hanover since 1662. Flag of Electorate of Hanover 1692 AD/CE to 1814 AD/CE. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. The fortunes of the Electorate were tied to those of Great Britain by the Act of Settlement 1701 and Act of Union 1707, which settled the succession to the British throne on Queen Anne's nearest Protestant relative, the Electress Sophia of Hanover, and her descendants. The kingdom was ruled by the House of Hanover, a cadet branch of the House of Welf, in personal union with the United Kingdom … Brandenburg-Prussia, however, ended for its part the war with France by the Treaty of Basel (1795), stipulating that Brandenburg-Prussia would ensure the Holy Roman Empire's neutrality in all the latter's territories north of the demarcation line of the river Main, including the British continental dominions of Hanover, Bremen-Verden, and Saxe-Lauenburg. Below is a massive list of electorate of hanover words - that is, words related to electorate of hanover. In December the Empire of the French, since 1804 France's new government, ceded Hanover, which it did not hold any more, to Brandenburg-Prussia, which captured it early in 1806. But before the confirmation of the electorate by the Imperial Diet in 1708 the Calenberg line further inherited the principality of Celle in 1705. The former electorate became the Kingdom of Hanover, confirmed at the Congress of Vienna in 1814. During the War of the Second Coalition against France (1799–1802) Napoléon Bonaparte urged Brandenburg-Prussia to occupy the continental British dominions. Soon afterwards the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. During the War of the Second Coalition against France (1799–1802) Napoléon Bonaparte urged Brandenburg-Prussia to occupy the continental British dominions. Direct contact with the Electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. Prince Ernst-August, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince-Elector of Hanover. gave him land in exchange for a pledge of service), with the reverted fief of Saxe-Lauenburg, which had de facto been ruled in personal union with Hanover and with one of its preceding Principality of Lüneburg since 1689. In Hanover, the capital of the Electorate, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the Electors in personal union. The Protestant bishop of Osnabrück from 1661, Ernest Augustus succeeded his elder brother as ruler of the duchy of Lüneburg-Calenburg (which … For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in personal union with Great Britain and Ireland following the Hanoverian Succession. After it had turned against France, it was defeated in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (11 November 1806), and France recaptured Hanover. After it had turned against France, it was defeated in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (11 November 1806), and France recaptured Hanover. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. The Privy Council of Hanover maintained its own separate diplomatic service, which maintained links with countries such as Austria and Prussia, with whom the United Kingdom itself was technically at war. George I (George-Louis; German: Georg-Ludwig; May 28/June7, 1660 – June 11, 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 23 January 1698 until his death in 1727. George's grandmother on the maternal side was Elizabeth Stuart, the second child of James I Stuart. Calenberg's capital, Hanover, became colloquially eponymous for the electorate, but it officially used the name Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburg of the entire ducal dynasty. The Hanoverian army was dissolved, but many of the officers and soldiers went to England, where they formed the King's German Legion. After Britain – this time without any allies – had declared war on France (18 May 1803), French troops invaded Hanover on 26 May. Hanover (German: Hannover) is a territory that was at various times a principality within the Holy Roman Empire, an Electorate within the same, an independent Kingdom, and a subordinate Province within the Kingdom of Prussia.The territory was named after its capital, the city of Hanover, which was the principal town of the region from 1636. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Electorate of Hanover 42 found (444 total) alternate case: electorate of Hanover Christoph Meiners (1,025 words) no match in snippet view article find links to article Christoph Meiners (31 July 1747 – 1 May 1810) was a German philosopher, historian, and writer born in Warstade. According to the Convention of Artlenburg (5 July 1803), confirming the military defeat of Hanover, the Hanoverian army was disarmed and its horses and ammunitions were handed over to the French. The Electorate of Hanover (formally the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; German: Churfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg, colloquially Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. The Privy Council of Hanover maintained its own separate diplomatic service, which maintained links with countries such as Austria and Prussia, with whom the United Kingdom itself was technically at war. During the 18th. At both enfeoffments George II Augustus swore that he would respect the existing privileges and constitutions of the estates in Bremen-Verden and in Hadeln, thus confirming 400-year-old traditions of estate participation in government. Same for the Ships will they run the Union Jack or under ther own flag from 1727-1801 with the Redflag and the Union Jack in the upper corner and the Saxon Stead in the center of the Union Jack. After the Battle of Copenhagen (1801) the coalition fell apart and Brandenburg-Prussia withdrew its troops. The Principality of Calenberg, ruled by a cadet branch of the family, emerged as the largest and most powerful of the Brunswick-Lüneburg states. After World War II the state was administratively abolished; its former territory formed about 80 percent of the Land (state) of Lower Saxony. [1], The Prince-Elector of Hanover became King of Great Britain in 1714. Status: State of the Holy Roman Empire (1692–1806) Personal union with Great Britain and Ireland and the United Kingdom (1714–1807) Capital: Hanover: Common languages: West Low German: Religion . British, Swedish and Russian coalition forces captured Hanover. 2. The Electorate of Hannover, 1714-1815 : In 1714 Duct-Elector Georg Ludwig was crowned King George I. of England; thus a DYNASTIC UNION between England and Hannover was created, which was to last until 1837. There were protests against the addition of a new Elector, and the elevation did not become official (with the approval of the Imperial Diet) until 1708, in the person of Ernest Augustus' son, George Louis. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. However, the government of George III did not recognise the French annexation, being at war continuously with France through the entire period, and Hanoverian ministers continued to operate out of London. Since this was against the Salic law, then valid for the ducal family, the change needed imperial confirmation, which Emperor Leopold I granted in 1692. In 1715 he purchased the Duchies of Bremen-Verden from King Frederick IV of Denmark (confirmed by the 1719 Treaty of Stockholm), whereby his former landlocked electorate gained access to the North Sea. Direct contact with the Electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. In the following year the British army, supported by troops from Brandenburg-Prussia, Hesse-Kassel and the ducal Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel) again expelled the occupants. To this end Hanover also had to provide troops for the so-called demarcation army maintaining the armed neutrality. To this end Hanover also had to provide troops for the so-called demarcation army maintaining the armed neutrality.[5]. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Elector of Hanover" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Hannover became the 9th electorate of the Holy Roman Empire in 1692. The British first ignored Brandenburg-Prussia's hostility, but when the latter joined the pro-French coalition of armed neutral powers including Denmark-Norway and Russia, Britain began to capture Brandenburg-Prussian ships. Capital: Hanover Continent: Europe Official Languages: West Low German Established: 1692 AD/CE Disestablished: 1814 AD/CE History: In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. After the war ended, peace prevailed until the French Revolutionary Wars started. During the Anglo-French and Indian War (1754–1763) in the North American colonies, Britain feared a French invasion in Hanover. Western Sahara (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic), https://iracing.fandom.com/wiki/Electorate_of_Hanover?oldid=27719. In 1714, George Louis became king of Great Britain and Ireland, so that the electorate and Great Britain and Ireland were ruled in personal union. Although the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806, George III's government did not consider the dissolution to be final, and he continued to be styled "Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, Arch-treasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire" until 1814. The Privy Council of Hanover, with minister Friedrich Franz Dieterich von Bremer holding up the Hanoverian stake,[clarification needed] fled to Saxe-Lauenburg across the Elbe, ruled by Britain-Hanover in personal union. Merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia in 1807, it was re-established as the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814, and the personal union with the British crown lasted until 1837.[3]. Electorate of Hanover in 1789. However, men were drafted to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. After Britain – this time without any allies – had declared war on France (18 May 1803), French troops invaded Hanover on 26 May. The Annual Town Election will be held on Saturday, May 8, 2021. Thus the principality was upgraded to the Electorate of Hanover, colloquially known as the Electorate of Hanover after Calenberg's capital (see also: House of Hanover). In 1795 the Holy Roman Empire declared its neutrality, including Hanover; however, a peace treaty with France was under negotiation until it failed in 1799. It was called the Department of Bremen-Verden, Hadeln, Lauenburg and Bentheim. Kingdom of Hanover Established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era. Will Hanover run there own flag of the Electorate Hanover (Braunschweig-Lüneburg) or will it be marked under the British Flag on the Map. In 1731 Hanover also gained Hadeln. According to the Convention of Artlenburg (5 July 1803), confirming the military defeat of Hanover, the Hanoverian army was disarmed and its horses and ammunitions were handed over to the French. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. It was a monarchy in Northern Germany, ruled by the House of Hanover, cadet branch of the House of Welf, which then ruled and earlier had … Christoph Meiners (1,025 words) no match in snippet view article find links to article Christoph Meiners (31 July 1747 – 1 May 1810) was a German philosopher, historian, and writer born in Warstade. The territory assigned to the Electorate included the Brunswick-Lüneburg principalities of Calenberg, Grubenhagen, and Lüneburg (even though at the time Lüneburg was ruled by Ernest Augustus's older brother) and the counties of Diepholz and Hoya. The Electorate of Hanover was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. He was the first British monarch of the House of Hanover. However, men were drafted to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in personal union with Great Britain and Ireland following the Hanoverian Succession. Lutheran: Government: Principality: Prince-elector • 1692–1698 . In 1801 24,000 Brandenburg-Prussian soldiers invaded, surprising Hanover, which surrendered without a fight. In summer 1757 the French invaded Hanover and defeated George II's son Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, leading the Anglo-Hanoverian army, at the Battle of Hastenbeck and drove him and his army into remote Bremen-Verden, where in the former Zeven Convent [de] he capitulated on 18 September (Convention of Kloster-Zeven). Kurfürstentum Hannover Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg. Its succession was to follow male primogeniture. After the Battle of Copenhagen (1801) the coalition fell apart and Brandenburg-Prussia withdrew its troops. In 1731 Hanover also gained Hadeln. Brandenburg-Prussia, however, ended for its part the war with France by the Treaty of Basel (1795), stipulating that Brandenburg-Prussia would ensure the Holy Roman Empire's neutrality in all the latter's territories north of the demarcation line of the river Main, including the British continental dominions of Hanover, Bremen-Verden, and Saxe-Lauenburg. However the Electors spent most of their time in England. There were protests against the addition of a new Elector, and the elevation did not become official (with the approval of the Imperial Diet) until 1708, in the person of Ernest Augustus's son, George Louis. Annual Town Election, Saturday, May 8, 2021. Hanover, German Hannover, former state of northwestern Germany, first an electorate (1692–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire, then a kingdom (1814–66), and finally a Prussian province (1866–1945). former Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, Sketch map of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg including the Hanover electorate (blue) and the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (green), c. 1720: Elector George I Louis acquired. In April 1801 the Brandenburg-Prussian troops arrived in Bremen-Verden's capital, Stade, and stayed there until October that year. The War of the First Coalition against France (1792–1797) with Great Britain-Hanover and other war allies forming the coalition, did not affect Hanoverian territory, since the first French Republic was fighting on several fronts, even on its own territory. Hanover remained unaffected for the rest of the war. It was called the Department of Bremen-Verden, Hadeln, Lauenburg and Bentheim. Soon afterwards the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. Thus the title of Elector of Brandenburg became meaningless for the Kingdom of Prussia. Ernest Augustus • 1698–1727 . did not even visit Hannover. It was the most heavily fortified town in the Electorate of Hanover. Das kurhannoversche Postpersonal 1736-1803 : ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der sozialen Organisation von Herrschaft, Kommunikation und Verkehr im 18. Though the Elector's titles were properly Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he is commonly referred to as the Elector of Hanover after his residence. Hanover Borough, York County, PA is located approximately 20 miles from York, PA and 35 miles from Harrisburg, PA in southcentral Pennsylvania. In 1692, at its upgrading to the rank of electorate, its territory comprised the Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities of Calenberg and Grubenhagen, which the line of the former[clarification needed] had already inherited in 1665. French control lasted until October 1813, when the territory was overrun by Russian troops, and the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig later the same month spelled the definitive end to the Napoleonic client state of Westphalia, as well as the entire Confederation of the Rhine, after which the rule of the House of Hanover was restored. In Hanover, the capital of the Electorate, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the Electors in personal union. George Louis died in 1727, and was succeeded by his son George II Augustus. For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in … On 6 August 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, thereby abolishing the function of prince-electors electing its emperors. As a consequence, a reluctant Britain was forced time and again to defend the King's German possessions. The Electorate of Hanover was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. [4] In return, Hanover recognized the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 which changed Habsburg inheritance law. Hanover – the fifth kingdom (1813-1866: Hannover) The Electorate of Hanover (Hannover) was a German state originating from the fifteenth century Principality of Calenberg-Göttingen.In 1714, George Louis of Hanover became George I, who ruled both Great Britain and Hanover. But George II did not recognise the convention. After the war ended, peace prevailed until the French Revolutionary Wars started. Beside the Principality of Calenberg it also included the former princely lands of Göttingen and Grubenhagen as well as the territory of the former County of Hoya. The Kingdom of Hanover was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era. In 1714, George Louis became king of Great Britain and Ireland, so that the electorate and Great Britain and Ireland were ruled in personal union. Prior to its elevation as a kingdom, Hanover was an Imperial Electorate within the Holy Roman Empire ruled by a cadet line of the House of Guelph that ruled the various Brunswick duchies. In an attempt to assert the Continental System, the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (as far as Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. 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