This study is unique because it addresses the gap of evidence with respect to the psychometric properties of the PHQ-9 and Kenya: Omoro SA, Fann JR, Weymuller EA, Macharia IM, Yueh B. Reliability and validity of the tool have indicated it … The reliability was measured with the repeated interviews. The Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item depression module (PHQ-9) is a well-validated, brief, self-reported, diagnostic, and severity measure of depression designed for use in primary care (PC). Method Consecutive patients referred to a primary care mental health worker completed the PHQ-9 and HADS at baseline (n = 1063) and at the end of treatment (n = 544). 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Accuracy of the PHQ-9 . Learn about our remote access options, Mental Health Institute, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China, Psychological Counseling Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China, Department of Clinical Psychology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang medical university, Xinxiang, China, Department of Psychiatry, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China, Department of Psychology, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China. %PDF-1.3 Sample consisted of 75 participants diagnosed with MDD according to DSM-IV criteria and 75 gender matched controls. Reliability and validity of PHQ-9 when administered by health workers for depression screening among women in primary care Validity and reliability Kroenke, Spitzer, and Williams conducted validity and reliability tests on the PHQ-9 in 2001. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. The sensitivity and specificity, as well as the positive and negative predictive values, were calculated for different cutoff scores of PHQ‐9 and PHQ‐2. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. This study aims to examine the reliability and validity of a Thai version Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a screening tool for major depression in primary care patients. PHQ-9 scores > 10 had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 88% for Major Depressive Disorder (source: National Centre for Biotechnology Information ). depression subscale and 0.78 with the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. The internal consistency values of PHQ‐9 and PHQ‐2 were 0.854 and 0.727, respectively. In addition to good content validity, PHQ-9 had good 1-month test–retest reliability (r = .875) and internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .835). Conclusion: Both PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 are brief and easy to use measures of depressive symptoms with good psychometric properties that appear suitable for routine use in patients with infertility. The results have repeatedly demonstrated that the PHQ-9 is an effective way to measure depression. We evaluated the reliability, validity and detection rate of the Depressive Syndrome module of the Patient Health Questionnaire … This study examined the validity and reliability of the Patient Health Questionnaire‐9 (PHQ‐9) and Patient Health Questionnaire‐2 (PHQ‐2). (124)��vM��4�2��H��Ne��/k"C^���!� �;�Fu����2�+�%�������uH�=[����|ew)U?�^Ƶ�}� Reliability and tests found a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.89 among 3,000 primary care patients and 0.86 among 3,000 OB-GYN patients. Results: The internal consistency values of PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 were 0.854 and 0.727, respectively. Test-retest reliability of the PHQ-9 was r = 0.76 and kappa = 0.46 when using the optimal screening method. The PHQ‐9 demonstrated good predictive validity: Participants with a PHQ‐9 diagnosis of depression had lower quality of life scores on the overall WHOQOL‐BREF Scale and each of its domains. PHQ-9 scores > 10 had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 88% for Major Depressive Disorder. 5 0 obj The PHQ-9 scores less than or equal to 10 had a sensitivity of 88% and a … The test–retest reliability values of PHQ‐9 and PHQ‐2 were 0.873 and 0.829, respectively. Purpose. 139 Renmin Middle Road, Furong District, Changsha 410011, China. Reliability and validity in a patient population. The validity and reliability of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 for screening depression in primary health care patients in Botswana Keneilwe Molebatsi1*, Keneilwe Motlhatlhedi2and Grace Nduku Wambua3 Abstract Background: The lack of locally validated screening instruments contributes to poor detection of depression in primary care. The PHQ-9: Validity of a brief depression measure. �$a�R���+��M��uH=. Criterion validity was assessed against the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Statistical tests were performed to determine the reliability, validity, and receiver operating characteristic curve of the data. The reliability and validity of PHQ-9 (Chinese version) as a screening tool for depression has been validated in large studies conducted in Hong Kong (n = 6028) and Taiwan (n = 1954) [ 21, 22 ]. Design Individual participant data meta-analysis. For the construct validity, the Spearman correlation showed that there was a positive correlation between the total score of the PHQ-9 and the total score of the BDI-II. The long process makes them impractical for routine use in primary care. METHODS: The English language PHQ-9 was translated into Thai. (BMJ, 2019) sought to determine the accuracy of the PHQ-9 METHODS: Individual participant data meta-analysis Study included all cut-off scores from all … The sensitivity and specificity, as well as the positive and negative predictive values, were calculated for different cutoff scores of PHQ-9 and PHQ-2. of PHQ-9-mFIN and multisite pain, lumbar exertion and recovery after workdays, neuromuscular fitness in modified push-ups, workability, and fear of pain related to work. The concurrent validity was tested by examining associations between PHQ-9 and BDI. Validity/reliability of PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 depression scales among adults living with HIV/AIDS in western Kenya. A PHQ-9 score of ≥5 was ideal for screening (sensitivity, 87.1%; specificity, 79.7%). Cross-sectional analyses within a large prospective cohort study (PREDICT-NL). Objective To determine the accuracy of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for screening to detect major depression. The PHQ‐2 demonstrated satisfactory sensitivity (0.81) and specificity (0.96) at the cutoff score of 3, and its area under the curve was 0.939. Data were analysed to assess reliability, robustness of factor structure, convergent/discriminant validity, convergence of severity banding, and responsiveness to change. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) Nine-item depression screening questionnaire Designed to be used in primary care and other screening settings Standard cut-off positive score: ≥10 Levis et al. The diagnostic validity of the 9-item PHQ-9 was established in studies involving 8 primary care and 7 obstetrical clinics. The scores of PHQ‐9 (r = 0.790) and PHQ‐2 (r = 0.651) were significantly associated with that of BDI. The intra-class coefficient was 0.713 (p<0.001). The optimal cut-off score of PHQ-9 ≥ 9 revealed a sensitivity of … Ya‐Lin Zhang MD, Mental Health Institute, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. When administered by health workers, PHQ-9 has good reliability and at cut off score ≥9, it has good validity to identify depression in primary care. The scores of PHQ‐9 (r = 0.790) and PHQ‐2 (r = 0.651) were significantly associated with that of BDI. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Conclusions: The PHQ-9-mFIN showed adequate reliability and excellent construct validity among female health-care workers with recurrent LBP and physically strenuous work. Overall, the PHQ-9 items showed good internal reliability (Cronbach’s alpha 0.81 for … The internal reliability, test-retest reliability and validity were examined. Cronbach's α coefficient of PHQ-9 was 0.857 and the test-retest reliability was 0.947. The Chinese version PHQ-9 was shown to have good reliability and validity for screening of depressive syndrome in general hospital outpatients. There was high convergent validity with the Beck Depression Inventory (r = .76; p = .001). The optimal cutoff score when screening for depression among Chinese college students was also determined. A number of studies on the validity and reliability of PHQ-9, as a diagnostic measure as well as its utility in assessing depression severity and in monitoring treatment responses have been published in western countries.11,13,15 However to our knowledge, no study has examined the validity of … weeks were asked to complete both the PHQ-9 and the GAD-7 and were then evaluated with the MINI-interview to assess DSM-IV disorders. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Somalia <> Concurrent validity was assessed by correlating total score of PHQ-9 with that of Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD). of people in many countries around the world. CONCLUSIONS: The PHQ-9 is a valid and reliable screening tool for detecting MDD in persons with TBI. The internal consistency of the PHQ‐9 was good (Cronbach's alpha > = 0.8) overall and for subgroups defined by gender, literacy, and age. The PHQ-9 also demonstrated adequate reliability as well as concurrent and divergent validity in a study of head and neck cancer patients (Omoro et al., 2006) and in a study that used a touch screen computerized version of the questionnaire with 342 cancer patients (Fann et al., 2009). The reliability of the English version of PHQ-9 is excellent, as evidenced by the previous reports of an internal reliability Cronbach’s α of .86 to .91 [3, 5] and test-retest reliability [3]. Criterion validity was calculated in terms of sensitivity and specificity. Floor and ceiling effects were not found. PHQ 9: Reliability and Validity PHQ 9 has been validated with a large no. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. The correlation coefficient of the nine items with the total score of the scale was 0.588 - 0.784. Conclusions: The PHQ-9 is a reliable and valid instrument to screen for depression in primary care facilities in Botswana. The test-retest reliability values of PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 were 0.873 and 0.829, … Inclusion criteria Eligible studies compared PHQ-9 scores with major depression … A total of 959 participants completed the PHQ‐9 and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) questionnaire. The effectiveness of PHQ-9 is supported by other related studies conducted in China [ … There were 1467 patients who completed the PHQ-9 and the MINI. A more recent study (Johns et al., 2013) found an internal For the PHQ-9 a In this study, we present the reliability, construct validity and accuracy of the PHQ-9 and PHQ-2 to detect major depressive disorder in primary care. Statistic strategies for the feasibility, reliability, validity, and receiver operating characteristic curve were performed. stream The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is a brief tool used to diagnose and measure severity of depression Illness involving the body, mood, and thoughts, that affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, The study was conducted to assess the reliability and validity of the PHQ-9 as a screening tool for depression in a population of Rwandan patients with epilepsy. First Published January 8, 2014 Product Review. Working off-campus? Reliability and Validity The diagnostic validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was established in studies that involved 8 primary care and 7 obstetrical clinics across the United States. Multiple research studies have evaluated the reliability and consistency, as well as the validity and accuracy, of the PHQ-9. The concurrent validity was tested by examining associations between PHQ‐9 and BDI. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. The Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders was used to diagnose depression. Reliability (Cronbach’s ) of the PHQ-9 was .92 and of the GAD-7 it was .94. Learn more. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. The test–retest reliability values of PHQ‐9 and PHQ‐2 were 0.873 and 0.829, respectively. There is a need for brief instruments to ascertain the diagnosis of major depressive disorder. %�쏢 2006: Swahili translation and validation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression scale in the Kenyan head and neck cancer patient population. PHQ‐9 had an optimal cutoff score of 11, which indicated a sensitivity of 0.89 and a specificity of 0.97, with an area under the curve of 0.977 (95% confidence interval: 0.966–0.988). Test Review: Patient Health Questionnaire–9 (PHQ-9) Show all authors. Data sources Medline, Medline In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, PsycINFO, and Web of Science (January 2000-February 2015). The PHQ‐9 and the PHQ‐2 are valid and reliable tools to screen depression in Chinese college students. RESULTS: The mean administration time was 7.5 min, and the Cronbach's α was 0.91. For screening purposes, cutoff scores of 11 and 3 are recommended for PHQ‐9 and PHQ‐2, respectively. The reliability of the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 as measures of depression and anxiety is well established in primary care. 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