The pigeon pea is also known by some other names in many other parts of the world. Around 2,000 BC, pigeon pea was developed in East Africa which was then brought to the America. Leaves are trifoliate, alternate in dark green color above and silvery underneath. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. (5), Vitamin B is also present in pigeon peas. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. Kadios, Cajanus cajan, Pigeon pea, Mu dou - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific … It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. In Central America, seeds of pigeon pea are canned and frozen. INTRODUCTION Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar. The synonyms of species are Cystisus cajan L. Cajanus bicolor DC. Latin Name: Cajanus cajan. Botanical Name:Cajanus cajan syn. Those who suffer from hypertensionor should add pigeon peas to the daily diet because they are highly prone to the cardiovascular disease. For that reason is is often grown in mixed cropping systems together with other plants such as sorghum, pearl millet and maize. Cajanus indicus Spreng. Moisture As a crop, pigeon pea is very drought tolerant, able to grow with a dry season exceeding 6 months, and rainfall … It is essential for the formation of cells, tissues, muscles and bones. Diabetes and sore throats can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea. The seeds vary in shape, size and color. These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). Cape May Plant Materials Center , 2012. Pigeon peas are cultivated One cup of cooked pigeon peas possesses 11 grams of protein. The erect and ribbed stem is 15 cm in diameter. 2010-12-29 03:52:31. Pigeon Pea. Cajanus cajan var. (4), Pigeon peas possess low amount of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats which makes it healthy. The plant yields yellow to red flowers which is 1.2 cm – 1.7 cm in diameter that turns into fruit as seed pods. illeg. Fiber enhances the efficiency of nutrient absorption. The serving size of one cup which measures 153 grams provides 43 mg of Vitamin C, 0.536 mg of Vitamin B1, 153 µg of Vitamin B9, 2.4 mg of iron, 0.69 mg of manganese, 181 mg of phosphorus, 29.82 gram of Carbohydrate, 3.294 mg of Vitamin B3 and others. The seeds are used as grains in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Pigeon peas are cultivated Vitamin C promotes the white blood cells production and acts as an antioxidant that promotes in overall wellness as well as strong immunity. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The nutrients found in pigeon peas converts into the usable energy than to store as a fat. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. Pigeon peas can be frequently pruned for mulch. Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential for maintaining the digestive health. INTRODUCTION Pigeonpea (red gram, arhar, Tur) is important pulse crop next to chickpea in India. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. What are synonyms for pigeon pea? Animal Fodder; an excellent feed for cattle, pigs and poultry. Likewise, its seeds are used in human nutrition as well as for animal feed. 37 38 39. The presence of dietary fiber keeps full for a long period of time, increase metabolism rate and reduces the possibilities of weight gain. The pigeon peas are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids. The botanical name of Pigeon pea is Cajanus cajan and it belongs to the family Fabaceae. It also assists in the healing process and cell regeneration in the body. Description (what it looks like): A legume, wood shrub or small tree, 1–4 m tall with a deep taproot to 2m. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Pigeon peas (Pois d'Angole) in Martinique, learn more about its history, its arrival in Martinique, its health benefits, the different varieties and its uses on the island. In Philippines, a decoction made from leaves is useful for diarrhea, cough and abdominal pains. The young pods and leaves are added to various dishes in Indonesia and Ethiopia. (2), Folate is found in adequate amount in pigeon peas which helps to prevent anemia and neural tube defects in unborn which is caused due to the deficiency of folate. Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram. It grows as a vine or creeper, doing well in moist, neutral soil. And the seeds is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia (especially India), and it is a major source of protein for the population of the Indian subcontinent. Copyright © 2001 - 2021   Green Harvest Organic Gardening Supplies, Free Australian Organic Gardening E-Newsletter. The juice extracted from leaves is helpful for earache and sores. have a strong spicy odour. The pods are linear-oblong, green or red, 2–13 cm long and 0.5–1.7 cm wide. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. Pigeon Pea Botanical Name. In other parts of Asia, seeds are used to make tempeh or tofu. Wiki User Answered . Alternate Names for Pigeon Pea. Terms & conditions The flowers attract bees. Healthy heart ( Leguminosae ) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan of calories, cholesterol and saturated fats makes..., Arhar physical work that reduces the energy quickly the possibilities of weight gain, and young shoots be. 3.6 m, with elliptic, obtuse leaves as sorghum, pearl millet and maize the peas... 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