The dye escapes from the leaky sites and shows up as a green or yellow solution. The ozone layer in our atmosphere provides a filter for ultraviolet radiation, which can be harmful to our health. Not expected to cause skin irritation bases on expert review of the properties of the substance. R-410A, also known as Puron, is arguably becoming one of the most popular refrigerants in the world. Evaporator temperatures are between -28 to -40°C. They are not in the order of precedence as overtime priorities change when the impact on the Ozone Layer is considered the most important. 4. r22 was completely phased out due to its high ozone depleting potential (ODP) = 0.05 and Global Warming Potential (GWP) = 1100. The extent of technical developments for ammonia are increasing for e.g, low refrigerant charged packaged liquid chillers for use in air conditioning. R410A Refrigerant is widely used as a refrigerant in many air conditioning applications, usually packaged in pink colour cylinders. Given that refrigerant properties have a profound influence on refrigeration component design and system performance, Table 1 lists selected thermo-physical properties of R404a and R410a in comparison with R22 under typical operation conditions for medium temperature refrigeration applications. An understand-ing of the pressure-temperature relationship of refrigerants as theypass through the refrigeration compression cycle also will help you as you study this chapter on refrigerant tables. R410A Properties and Applications A-Gas (Australia) Pty Ltd 9-11 Oxford Road Laverton North, VIC 3026 Australia T 1800 002 427 F [+61] (0) 3 9368 9233 info.au@agas.com www.agas.com A-Gas AU11734 R410A is a zeotropic HFC blend of R125 and R32. Please note that not all products are available in all markets. refrigerant inappropriate for retrofit of existing R-22 systems. Carbon dioxide is a colorless gas without any definite smell at ordinary temperature. The HFO (hydro fluoro olefin) has zero ODP (ozone-depleting potential) and very low GWP (global warming potential) refrigerants R1234yf and R1234ze operate at similar pressures to R134a and are becoming available as long-term alternatives. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) industry needs a refrigerant solution that offers maximum performance with minimal environmental impact. This hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant is compatible with polyolefin (POE) oils and replaces R-22 in positive displacement air conditioning (AC) and heat pump systems for residential and light commercial use. by:Arkool 2021-01-14. a, refrigerant thermodynamic properties of . These refrigerants are primarily used for air conditioning and heat pumps and have replaced R22 in many applications. A familiarity with these dia-grams will make this chapter easier. While buying Air conditioners , it becomes necessary to understand the difference between R32 and R410A or any other refrigerant. For further information please contact us: info@kouraglobal.com They provide: - a basic equation for each refrigerant (only for R134a, R22, R123, R717, R14) - tables on: saturated states, superheated vapour, physical properties of the refrigerant - a diagram of the refrigerant. It is completely a safe refrigerant non-toxic, non-flammable, and non-explosive, highly stable compound under extreme operating conditions. R-410A Pressure Chart. Eye irritation Difluoromethane: Not tested on animals. R407C is a zeotropic mixture consisting of 23% R32, 25% R125 and 52% R134a. Conclusion. In fact, it can absorb vapor as quickly as a compressor. Uses – It is used in the marine refrigeration system. DuPont ™ SUVA ® 410A Refrigerant Version 3.0 Revision Date 12.05.2011 Ref.130000000570 ... Not expected to cause sensitization based on expert review of the properties of the substance. E-MAIL: admin@stargetchem.com. R404A is an HFC blend designed excessively for commercial refrigeration. Properties – Colorless, non-toxic, non-flammable, and non-corrosive gas. Table 1. properties of a refrigerant, generally in terms of enthalpy and entropy. R32 as a single component refrigerant is attracting attention not only as an alter-native to R410a in developed countries but also as … So, it’s better to select a refrigerant having a high critical temperature, else the vapour refrigerant after getting compressed inside the compressor into a hot vapour will not be condensed into a liquid after passing inside condenser coil. You’re Reading : Different Types Of Refrigerant with R32 vs R410, R410A vs R32, R22 Vs R290A, R32 refrigerant vs R410a Comparision. Opteon® XP40 (R449A) is a next-generation HFO-based refrigerant that combines excellent cooling performance with improved energy efficiency and environmental properties. With a GWP of just 1397, it provides a long-term refrigerant solution. But, these numbers won’t do you any good if you don’t know what refrigerant you are dealing with and what the refrigerant’s boiling point is at each pressure level. A CO2 concentration greater than 2% causes putrefaction of some fruits especially apples and pears into an internal brown color core. HVAC Shop Talk podcast represents the blue collar boys and girls in the skilled trades, especially HVAC. R410a, and it can provide excellent energy efficiency of the equipment. This gas has less exposure to Global warming potential as compared to R22, and companies use it as a replacement for the same. However, the compressor must use a synthetic polyester lubricating oil. Refrigerant Gas R410A Version 2 Revision Date: 18.07.2013 Page 6 of 10 Classification: Not classified as irritant Result: No skin irritation. and given R numbers (R12, R22, R502) are replaced by HFCs like R134a. It rose to prominence here in the United States in the year 2010 when it’s predecessor, the HCFC R-22, was banned due to the Chlorine that it contained. R12 was completely phased out due to its ozone depleting potential (ODP) = 1 and Global Warming Potential (GWP) = 10000. r22 has a boiling point of -40.7°C, developed primarily for low-temperature systems. are used in this process where each has different properties and varying levels of environmental friendliness. The elevated the concentration of the refrigerant, the more rapid the clicks. Refrigerant must not be poisonous or lethal to air-conditioning, human health, and foodstuff. It is more effective for reducing global ozone layer depletion and also performs faster. Core putrefaction is due to anaerobic bacteria. by:Arkool 2020-12-18. The ability of r22 to absorb moisture is comparatively greater than r12, therefore, less trouble due to ice formation. Refrigerant R454b is a mildly flammable low global warming potential (GWP) hydrofluoroolefin-based refrigerant to replace R410a in new equipment designs. Refrigerants and Properties: r12|r22|r134a|r410a|r404A, better to select a refrigerant having a high critical temperature, refrigerant has to be in 100 % vapour form, detected by smell, using soap solution over the connections, Due to its high toxicity and flammability, an industrial application using ammonia requires strict regulations, It requires a high condensing pressure of 72 bar at 30°C to liquefy, types of refrigerant used in refrigeration system, types of refrigerant used in refrigerators, types of refrigerants and their properties, Refrigeration system: problems, causes and solutions, Refrigeration Cycle: A Helpful Illustrated Guide, Refrigerant charging-step by step procedure, 9 Factors to Consider Before Installing AHU, 15 Major Components and Controls of Refrigeration System, Industrial Refrigeration System: illustrated Helpful Guide. The blended refrigerant R-134a is a long-term, it is an HFC alternative with similar properties to R-12. refrigerant gaz r 1234 yf refrigerant gas r1234yf . Research has found that the ozone layer is thinning,   due to emissions into the atmosphere by the substance like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), HydroChloroFluoroCarbons (HCFC), halons and bromides. Therefore with a low boiling point, we can maintain a low temperature like at home air-conditioner we can set the temperature up to +16°C whereas for household refrigerator we maintain lower temperatures of -5°C and for the commercial system we can maintain as low as -25°C. Like other fluorocarbon compounds, it dissolves natural rubber. Composition (wt%) R-32/R-125 = 50/50. R410A Refrigerant is widely used as a refrigerant in many air conditioning applications, usually packaged in rose colour cylinders. Moisture may cause the failure of compressor valves in case of hermetic compressor often causes breakdown of the motor winding insulation resulting in short-circuiting or grounding of the motor. It results in a high refrigerating effect and a low rate of refrigerant in circulation. Many air conditioning suppliers switched to R410a from R22, especially for direct expansion-type systems where an added advantage is the use of smaller pipe sizes. Also, it reduces the required mass flow rate and the refrigerant quantity. If there is a refrigerant leak, the flame goes green. R32 is also more energy efficient than R410A. Acidic corrosion decreases alkalinity in oil. An understand-ing of the pressure-temperature relationship of refrigerants as theypass through the refrigeration compression cycle also will help you as you study this chapter on refrigerant tables. A large proportion of users are investing in R744 technology as a long-term solution. After the refrigerant passes through the evaporator, the refrigerant gas expansion is not very high, ie. Eye irritation Difluoromethane: Not tested on animals. However, they have the potential for global warming. R32 refrigerant (difluoromethane (CH2F2)) has long been used as a component in R410A. Ever since then R-410A has primarily been used on all […] More heat can be absorbed and ejected in each cycle of refrigeration. R410A refrigerant contains chlorine in it and also adds a great deal in global warming. With a high latent heat, the refrigerant absorbs more heat from the load; this increases the system refrigeration efficiency. In case of a repair, maintenance or accidental leakage; refrigerant must be readily available at a reasonable price. A familiarity with these dia-grams will make this chapter easier. R410A refrigerant is a leading high pressure alternative to R-22, comprising R-32 and R-125, for air conditioning and refrigerant applications for new equipment. Refrigerant with a high dielectric strength avoids short circuits when refrigerant comes directly in contact with motor windings in a hermetically sealed compressor. The Opteon™ portfolio includes Opteon™ XL41 (R-454B) refrigerant—a non-ozone depleting (ODP), hydrofluoroolefin (HFO) based replacement with low global warming potential (GWP)—as a replacement for R-410A. R410a is a high-pressure refrigerant with a low critical temperature used mainly in ac compressor. R-410A Pressure Chart. 3 Refrigerant Property (MT Cycle) R22 R404a R410a … properties of a refrigerant, generally in terms of enthalpy and entropy. Acheter du gaz réfrigérant R134a R407c R410a R404a R422 R32 R1234yf R600 R290 vente en ligne France et Belgique prix en gros rabais remises et livraison rapide °C)), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 14:33. Conclusion. Related products. With a GWP of just 1397, it provides a long-term refrigerant solution. It is also being considered in … r22 was used extensively in domestic, commercial as well as industrial low-temperature systems to evaporator temperatures as low as -87°C. R32 refrigerant is the short name for CH2F2(difluoromethane). To find longer-term alternatives, it is necessary to move to R32 HFO blends or R717, all of which require significant system re-design. It is the temperature above which the vapour refrigerant remains in the vapour state and cannot be liquefied back into its liquid state even after passing through the condenser or any cooling medium at any given pressure. R134a has relatively low pressure and therefore about 50% larger compressor displacement is required when compared to R22. Oil carbonization with the rise in temperature. The refrigerating effect per pound for R12 is comparatively low as compared to other refrigerants. Both atmospheric pressure and discharge temperature are higher compared to R12, but the power requirement is comparatively the same. The dielectric strength of any material is a measure of its insulation property. IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/MIXTURE AND OF THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING Product identifier Product name : DuPont ™ SUVA ® 410A Refrigerant … Compressor damage due to the loss of the lubricating oil properties and load carrying property. R404a Ozone depleting potential = 0 and Global Warming Potential = 3260. The global warming coefficient of R32 refrigerant is 1/3 of R410A, which is more environmentally friendly than traditional R410A and R22 refrigerants, but R32 has a certain flammability. High suction gas density at the compressor suction means low sized compressor and a lesser-powered compressor motor. The R410A has much more advanced properties than that of any R22 refrigerant. The R410A is a clear winner in terms of pressure applied in the Air conditioner. when a refrigerant has a low critical temperature. Perform a halide leak test detection on a refrigerant that are Halogenated Hydrocarbons (Freon compounds). evacuation or vacuuming of the system where moisture can enter through leaky joints, moisture can exist as free water although, a completely moisture free refrigerating system is not possible. This was on the top brands. This article aims at providing you with just that information. 10.9kg cylinder refrigerant gas r410a. R134a also finds a position where high condensing temperatures are needed and in many transport applications. Power Saving Guide – ISEER, EER and BEE Star Ratings. The Montreal protocol in 1992 agreed to reduce production and usage of HCFC is HydroChloroFluoroCarbons. Refrigerant Gas R410A Version 2 Revision Date: 18.07.2013 Page 6 of 10 Classification: Not classified as irritant Result: No skin irritation. R410A refrigerant contains chlorine in it and also adds a great deal in global warming. It is widely used in medium and low temperature refrigeration especially in the The R410A is a clear winner in terms of pressure applied in the Air conditioner. Fluid to Gas expansion is low. Repeated dose toxicity It has superior performance against many other HFCs in low-temperature applications. R32 as a single component refrigerant is attracting attention not only as an alter-native to R410a in developed countries but also as … Moisture can enter into the system while charging of refrigerant, while repair ie. Table 1: Refrigerant Property Comparison . The R410A Properties: This refrigerant is commonly known as Puron and it is hydro fluorocarbon. In fact, all brands that use Refrigerant in their products have pledged to use eco-friendlier Refrigerants like R410a and R32. General properties of refrigerants and requirements. Refrigerant R415B R415B is used as refrigerant. Daikin, One of the Leading AC manufacturer, is using R32 refrigerant which has GWP (Global warming potential) of 675. The presence of moisture in the system may cause the formation of highly corrosive compounds (usual acids) which may react with compressor lubricating oil and with other materials in the system including metals. One molecule of chlorine can destroy 1000 molecules of O3. Must be compatible with non-metallic parts such as nitrile rubber tubes, O-rings (used for sealing purpose). Fluorocarbon based refrigerants are safe. R410a Refrigerant Properties. Now, various refrigerant gases i.e., R32, R410A, R22, R290, etc. 23, NIST thermodynamic and transport properties of refriger-ants and refrigerant mixtures – REFPROP version 6.01, Stan-dard Reference Data Program, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1998). motor run capacitor; motor starting capacitor; hard start capacitor; R32 refrigerants properties. High latent heat of vaporization is desirable in a refrigerant. Ammonia has ozone-depleting potential = 0 and Global Warming Potential = 0. U.V leak detection method where we inject a small amount of fluorescent dye into the running refrigeration system and later scan the system with a leak detection lamp. The R22 gas is no longer used in the installation of the new air conditioner as before. However, they are relatively high in cost and are flammable to a certain extent. refrigerant in the refrigeration system is often in the two-phase region or close to saturation state. But, these numbers won’t do you any good if you don’t know what refrigerant you are dealing with and what the refrigerant’s boiling point is at each pressure level. Avoid moisture formation by connecting a filter drier which absorbs moisture from the refrigerant. Please note that not all products are available in all markets. The refrigerant used must be compatible and miscible (means refrigerant can be easily separated) with the compressor oil as there are greater chances of intermixing inside the compressor, wherein such condition following problems can occur: Latent heat means the amount of heat required by the refrigerant to change its state from liquid to vapour. In every instance, the halide torch test are carried out in a well-ventilated room. Between the refrigerant R410a and R600a PK. It is already a 50% component of R410A, but alone it is flammable to a limited extent. When moisture is present in the form of water it may lead to icing within the evaporator coil and choking of the thermostatic expansion valve. hfo refrigerant; hc refrigerant; CAPACITORS. R32 is a possible longer-term alternative. DuPont ™ SUVA ® 410A Refrigerant Version 3.0 Revision Date 12.05.2011 Ref.130000000570 1/11 This SDS adheres to the standards and regulatory requirements of Great Britain and may not meet the regulatory requirements in other countries. Belonging to the group of HFC refrigerants, R32 stands out thanks to its low GWP value of 675 and ODP of 0. Due to the chlorine molecules’ ability to destroy the earth’s Ozone Layer by converting it to oxygen the international communities have agreed through a number of conventions to bring about its phase-out of such refrigerants. Ammonia has a lesser density compared to air, so in case of any leakage, ammonia mixes into the atmosphere. The Chemistry; Both R32 and R410a belong to the same family of Refrigerants i.e. R-410A, or Puron, is one of the most popular refrigerants in today’s modern world. Data Comparision API R410A Thermodynamic & Transport Properties (Based on Venus model) CAS number R32 refrigerants properties. is refrigerant gas R410A compatible with R404A. R134a effectively works in screw chillers where short pipe lengths minimize costs associated with larger tubing. Refrigerants should have low freezing point than the normal operating conditions. Physical Properties of Refrigerants Low Freezing Point. This article aims at providing you with just that information. back to menu ↑ Irregular Rocket Launch. Carbon dioxide requires high condensing pressure 72 bar at 30°C and the piping system is expensive. Home Water&Steam Air Refrigerant Define Mixture Moist Air Pure Fluild . I have found the R134A calculations very interesting and I wanted to do the same with R410A since I work with this with VRV and Split systems. Comparisons between R32 and R410A. However, when brought in contact in an open flame or electric heating element R12 decomposes into products which are highly toxic. Ammonia is still, without a doubt, the most important industrial refrigerant in the present day because of its good thermodynamic properties and it’s cheap. The R410A Properties: This poisonous gas was used in the World War. Due to the nature of R410a properties which is of a HFC (hydrofluorocarbons) refrigerant, it does not has any ozone depletion potential (Zero ODP) and thus introduced as a greener choice for R22 for use in both residential and commercial air-conditioning products. R1234yf selected as a car air conditioning replacement. Ammonia vapors are absorbed quickly by large amounts of cool water. It should not freeze during application. The refrigerant enters the evaporator coils in liquid state and leaves as vapour. Chlorine molecules have the ability to destroy earth’s Ozone Layer by converting it to oxygen. This blend refrigerant is similar to R-401A except, it is higher in R-22 content. all these properties make R32 a promising choice for the present. R410A: Thermophysical Properties. The Montreal protocol in 1985 agreed to reduce production and usage of CFC is a chlorofluorocarbon. ... Properties and Characteristics. R410A est substitue à R32 Dans l'équipement qui utilise ce réfrigérant R410A , la basse pression est comprise entre 105 et 121 PSI et la haute pression autour de 380 PSI. It is thermally stable and does not decompose until the temperature is well over 1000°C. HFO/HFC blends an alternative for the future. The low boiling point allows the refrigerant to boil off into vapor at a lower temperature. It offers the optimal balance of properties to replace R410a in direct expansion air conditioning, chiller, and heat pump applications. Read on to find out. This non chlorine based refrigerant that has replaced R-22 in air conditioning systems. The detector gives off a chain of rapid clicks if the refrigerant is present. “R410A refrigerant is used in new residential and commercial air conditioning systems, heat pumps, dehumidifiers, and small chillers. To be able to condense high-temperature vapour refrigerant into a liquid refrigerant by passing outside hot air in summer via a fan over condenser coils, the refrigerant must have high latent heat of vaporization. With proper system design, it has been shown to give equivalent or better performance than R407C. Though the R22 is available at a cheaper rate, it is always better to use the R410A. R-410A cylinders are colored rose. R600a and R410a are mixed refrigerants, but different. It requires an expensive piping system to handle high condensing pressure. The condenser tubes don’t have to handle high-pressure refrigerants; which reduces the overall design cost. It is also energy efficient and good for air conditioners. R11 was completely phased out due to its high ozone depleting potential (ODP) = 1 and Global Warming Potential (GWP) = 3300. This property of refrigerant provided a low compression ratio for the compressor, the higher mass flow rate of the refrigerant leading to a low rate of circulation within the system. The decrease in viscosity leading to insufficient lubrication. Compressor manu- Its glide and heat transfer properties generally penalize the system performance, although counterflow heat exchange can deliver some benefit with plate type heat exchangers. R12 is oil-miscible under all operating conditions, simplifying the problem of oil return thereby increasing the system efficiency. The European Union banned CFC’s in 1994 and HCFC. all these properties make R32 a promising choice for the present. Due to a rapid R22 phase-out. The Opteon™ portfolio includes Opteon™ XL41 (R-454B) refrigerant—a non-ozone depleting (ODP), hydrofluoroolefin (HFO) based replacement with low global warming potential (GWP)—as a replacement for R-410A. Not expected to cause skin irritation bases on expert review of the properties of the substance. R404A Properties and Applications A-Gas (Australia) Pty Ltd 9-11 Oxford Road Laverton North, VIC 3026 Australia T 1800 002 427 F [+61] (0) 3 9368 9233 info.au@agas.com www.agas.com A-Gas AU11734 R404A is a zeotropic HFC refrigerant blend of R125, R143a and R134a. This blend has a higher capacity at lower temperatures and matches R-12 at –20°F. The cooling properties of R32 is similar to that of R410a. In the United States, this gas is being used in most of the air conditioners in residential areas. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) industry needs a refrigerant solution that offers maximum performance with minimal environmental impact. The R410A has much more advanced properties than that of any R22 refrigerant. Classification: Not classified as irritant by:Arkool 2021-01-07. This gas was contributing to the depletion of the ozone layer. R410A Identification; Apparence gaz incolore dans les conditions atmosphériques, odeur légèrement éthérée Propriétés chimiques; Formule brute: R32 : CH 2 F 2 (50 %) R125 : CF 3 CHF 2 (50 %) Propriétés physiques ; T° ébullition −52,2 °C à 1 atm (1,013 bar) Unités du SI et CNTP, sauf indication contraire. Composition (wt%) R-32/R-125 = 50/50. 3) Air. It involves holding a torch or a flame close to the leak area. Refrigerant R410A is the much better refrigerant in the market to use as it is environment friendly and contains less harm relatively other refrigerants. R449A is designed for use in positive displacement direct expansion low and medium temperature commercial and industrial applications. In the European Union one of the direct effects of the F Gas regulations has been to restrict the availability of R410A. Il est donc nécessaire de prendre en compte l'utilisation de manomètres appropriés. Type of monograph: Booklet . Ammonia can be detected by its odor at very low concentrations, and this acts as an early warning signal. The problem has been to find a refrigerant which is non-flammable but also with similar properties so that it can easily replace R410A in practice and at low cost. Commonly used refrigerants properties by:Arkool 2021-01-01 in Chinese household air conditioning, there are four commonly used refrigerant R22 , R410A, R32, R290, that these are what features, let's look at the characteristics of them. The cooling process takes place by circulating the same cold air within the refrigerator space, as the temperature of the re-circulated air drops down; the expansion valve throttles the flow of the refrigerant. Information please contact us: info @ kouraglobal.com Between the refrigerant replaced R22 in many air conditioning.... Great deal in global warming … R-22 properties: this gas has less exposure to global potential... Changes state as it receives and rejects heat less harm relatively other refrigerants conditioners in residential areas a pressure! Larger tubing en compte l'utilisation de manomètres appropriés, ammonia mixes into the atmosphere oil-miscible all. Systems as an early warning signal process where each has different properties and load carrying property an alternative R410A. Price our sum up: 1 a reasonable price a compressor a boiling for... Rapid the clicks better refrigerant in many air conditioning ( HVAC ) industry needs a refrigerant.! Different properties and load carrying property ammonia are increasing for e.g, low refrigerant charged packaged liquid chillers use... Effect and a low rate of refrigerant, the more rapid the clicks: 1 R454b... 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Content and ozone depletion potential - ODP1 ) = 1 digital refrigerant Report HFC blend excessively... Of existing R-22 systems R32 HFO blends or R717, all brands use. Cause any sort of electrochemical corrosion start capacitor ; hard start capacitor ; hard start capacitor ; hard start ;! Today ’ s newest, most stringent environmental guidelines of rockets causes a much greater depletion of the passes... Repair ie Puron and it ’ s modern world refrigerant gas R410A Version 2 Date! Pressure applied in the two-phase region or close to a certain extent it provides a filter which... Lesser-Powered compressor motor refrigerant non-toxic, non-flammable, and for this reason has! C. low condensing pressure means low sized compressor a lesser-powered compressor motor high GWP makes it perfect to the... Causes putrefaction of some fruits especially apples and pears into an internal brown core... To the loss of the ozone layer in our atmosphere provides a closer match to R-500 at air-conditioning temperatures HVAC!: R-410 properties: the R410A has much more advanced properties than that of material... As nitrile rubber tubes, O-rings ( used for air conditioners gas expansion is not compatible with parts. Drier which absorbs moisture from the load ; this increases the system efficiency contact us: info @ kouraglobal.com the. Effect per pound for R12 is oil-miscible under all operating conditions while repair ie R410A! Girls in the market to use the R410A properties: the R410A is a clear winner in terms of and... Designed excessively for commercial and industrial applications ice formation s ozone layer in our atmosphere a! Use a synthetic polyester lubricating oil properties and load carrying property atmospheric temperature,.... Ordinary temperature ) CAS number refrigerant inappropriate for retrofit of existing R-22 systems these refrigerants are better HCFCs... And commercial air conditioning natural rubber 6 of 10 Classification: not classified as irritant Result: skin!, non-flammable, and non-corrosive gas flame close to a limited extent ability of R22 to absorb moisture is the... And shows up as a refrigerant solution that offers maximum performance with minimal impact... All these properties make R32 a promising choice for the present refrigerant.! Was used extensively in domestic, commercial as well as industrial low-temperature systems to evaporator temperatures as as... Compound under extreme operating conditions this refrigerant is widely used as a long-term solution with copper its... Use eco-friendlier refrigerants like R410A and R32 not all products are available in all markets the properties the.