people use it for navigation. If you're making an effort to get here, use the opportunity to see another country as well. It is really a spectroscopic binary system, consisting of two components that can’t be resolved with a telescope because they are too close together. Although ENSO has an important influence on New Zealand’s climate, it accounts for les… New Zealand’s South Island hosts the purest natural landscapes you’ll ever experience. By contrast, our near neighbour Australia uses the Southern Cross on its flag, but the northern third of the continent cannot even see the stars at certain months of the year since they are below the horizon. earth. © Crown Copyright. It is especially useful for Ceasing of travel insurance policy sales. The 1902 flag is a symbol for the people of New Zealand, its Realm, and the Government. It belongs to the spectral class B2 IV. The stars of the Southern Cross, image: Alain r at wikipedia.org. Gacrux is the third brightest star of the Southern Cross, after Alpha and Beta Crucis. The cross is also on the Australian flag (although it shows all five stars compared to New Zealand’s four). It is In 1867, the colonial government settled on the abbreviation ‘NZ’ in red lettering with a white border to represent New Zealand on the Blue Ensign. We originally wrote this New Zealand guide 10 years ago starting with 15 things, and has now grown to 46 of the top New Zealand experiences that we have personally done!. Why choose us? Interestingly, the Southern Cross has been depicted on the flags of several different antipodean countries. So distinctive and evocative is the Southern Cross that the national flags of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa all include a representation of it. The field of the flag was white with a red cross, and its canton was blue with a red cross quartering four stars. Acrux lies at a distance of 321 light years from Earth. Here are 25 Interesting Facts about New Zealand that you probably didn’t know before reading this! The Southern Cross was visible in the northern hemisphere about 5,000 years ago, including most of North America, as well as Babylonia and Greece. Observers in the tropical latitudes of the northern hemisphere can see it near the horizon in winter and spring, but only for a few hours every night. The two stars are separated by four seconds of arc. The Aborigines saw Crux and the Coalsack Nebula as marking the head of the “Emu in the Sky.”. The Southern Cross. The asterism is one of the easiest to identify in the sky and it has significance in a number of cultures in the southern latitudes. stars that point towards it. In 1867, New Zealand's flag was similar to the current version, the only difference being that the letters NZ appeared instead of the stars. It was named by 16th-cenury European explorers, As well as being a The spiritual connection of Māori to maunga dates back hundreds of years, and their holistic attachment to the land is why they are so fervently respected. These cover areas as diverse as consumer protection, employment, property and building, occupational regulation and human rights. It has a mass 8.9 times that of the Sun and is 10,000 more luminous. outline, with another fainter star just below the crossbar. The stars orbit each other every five years. The Union Jack at the canton represents the close relationship bet… The Alpha Crucis system has only two components that are visually distinguishable. So distinctive and evocative is the Southern Cross that the national flags of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa all include a representation of it. This cross-shaped constellation has assumed great significance in the cultures of the Southern Hemisphere, even as far back as prehistoric times. The Egyptians saw it as representative of the place where Horus, the Sun goddess, was crucified, marking the passage of winter. The Southern Cross should not be confused with the so-called False Cross, formed by four other bright stars in the vicinity. It is the 14th "It tells people about when seasons are changing, when food sources are coming in and also gives them a social aspect," Dr Hamacher says. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. They belong to the spectral classes B0.5IV and B1V. The Southern Cross spans only six degrees from north to south, a distance only slightly bigger than the one between Merak and Dubhe, the pointer stars located in the Big Dipper, which point the way to Polaris, the North Star, located in Ursa Minor constellation. Stewart Island and many smaller islands lie offshore. WHO and EU join together to support COVID-19 response and systems strengthening in Asia. El Niño and La Niña episodes occur on average every few years and last up to around a year or two. The name, derived from the Latin word for “actor,” likely came from the flower. A beautiful sight in the southern sky, the Coalsack casts a dark silhouette against the Milky Way’s bright stripe of stars. brightest star of the Southern Cross. Popular sports include rugby, cricket, football, netball, golf, basketball, hockey, tennis, and water sports such as sailing and surfing. The cross Alpha-1 Crucis has a visual magnitude of 1.40 and Alpha-2 Crucis has a magnitude of 2.09. star. The Southern Cross is one of the most visible constellations in the Southern Hemisphere and right from the early days of the colony, it was being used to represent Australia. The star is classified as a semi-regular variable (SRV) with multiple periods. New Zealand Main Cities. The Southern Cross, image: Antonio Ferretti (CC BY-SA 4.0). The group's distinctive shape is easily located because of its brightness and close proximity to each other. The star has 1.42 times the Sun’s mass and a radius 32.9 times solar. The representation of the Southern Cross signifies the location of New Zealand in the Pacific Ocean. Southern Cross Medical Library. Usually depicted as four or five stars, it is in fact made up of thousands of stars. The four stars of the Southern Cross were also proposed, but were rejected as not being exclusively representative of New Zealand. 56 talking about this. star. For several decades though, there have been debates on whether the flag should change or not. The All Blacks use 'Ka Mate' as their haka, which was composed in the 1820s by the Maori chief Te Rauparaha. Maggy Wassilieff, 'Southern Cross', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/southern-cross (accessed 19 January 2021), Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 12 Jun 2006. The Blue Ensign The British colonies often chose—or were assigned—flags based on the Blue Ensign, once of the British Navy, then just one squadron of the navy, latterly of its associated civilian fleet. The Southern Cross (The Constellation Crux) The Southern Cross is the best known and most represented star group in the Southern Hemisphere. Login now. Richard Hinckley Allen, a 19th century expert in stellar nomenclature, noted that the stars of the Southern Cross were last visible on the horizon in Jerusalem around the time that Christ was crucified. Along with affordable, quality education, your children will be able to get close to nature and enjoy a diverse range of healthy sport, recreation, and adventure activities. Although there has been much debate about when and how Polynesians actually started settling New Zealand, the current understanding is that they migrated from East and central Polynesia, the Southern Cook and Society islands region. Alpha Crucis is the southernmost first magnitude star, lying just a bit more to the south than the bright Alpha Centauri in Centaurus constellation. Southern Cross Travel Insurance offers award-winning cover to Kiwi travellers. This cross-shaped constellation has assumed great significance in the cultures of the Southern Hemisphere, even as far back as prehistoric times. It is the brightest star in the constellation Crux. To be eligible for this policy, you must: a. hold a current New Zealand work visa or visitor visa; b. be exempt from the requirements to hold a visa to New Zealand… Issued 19 March 2020 2.25pm (NZDT) As of 19 March 2020 2.25pm (NZDT), we are temporarily ceasing to issue new travel insurance policies based on the advice of the New Zealand Government not to travel overseas.. Their surface temperatures are 28,000 and 26,000 K, and luminosities 25,000 and 16,000 times solar respectively. To the ancient Egyptians, Crux was the place where the Sun Goddess Horus was crucified, and marked the passage of the winter season. Alpha Centauri is the bright yellowish star seen at the middle left, one of the “Pointers” to the star at the top of the Southern Cross. Both components are hot class B stars on the verge of becoming class O. The Southern Celestial Pole can also be located by drawing a line between the stars Alpha and Beta Centauri in Centaurus constellation, and finding the point where this line intersects with the one from Alpha to Gamma Crucis. Dust grains in the cloud redden the starlight that reaches us by absorbing blue light preferentially, so that the red stars shimmering in the northern and darkest part of the Coalsack appear more crimson than they would in the absence of this dust.The first European to see this remarkable object was probably the Spanish navigator and explorer Vincente Yanez Pinzon when he sailed to the South American coast in 1499. It was in this period – at some point in the 17th century – that Crux was finally separated from Centaurus. In New Zealand, mountains, or maunga, are held in the utmost regard and are considered the highest order of sacred. The Union Jack remained New Zealand's flag until the passage of the New Zealand Ensign Act instituted the current flag in 1902. The primary component belongs to the spectral class B0.5 III, which means that it is a blue-white giant star. It is the second brightest star of the Southern Cross asterism. Photo: Shutterstock. stars compared to New Zealand’s four). The Southern Cross is a pattern of stars (constellation) in Dr Corinne Capuano. It is a hot, massive blue-white subgiant star currently in the process of becoming a red giant. Dispute resolution is being used in many aspects of New Zealand life with at least 55 different dispute resolution schemes or procedures that we have identified. It is the nearest red giant star to the Sun. finding the direction south. Beware of Inca gods in a bad mood!Another famous sight seen from southern latitudes — though it can creep into view in tropical northern latitudes — is the Southern Cross, or Crux. Epsilon Crucis is the faint fifth star. The Aborigines and the Maori saw the cross as symbolizing animist spirits that were integral in their ancestral beliefs. The cross-shaped pattern can easily be seen from the southern latitudes at any time of year. They migrated deliberately, at different times, in … The Southern Cross was rediscovered by Europeans in the Age of Discovery, in the period from the early 15th century to the early 17th century. Lying in the south-west Pacific, New Zealand consists of two main islands - the North Island and the South Island. It has an apparent magnitude of 1.63 and is approximately 88.6 light years distant. To the east of the Southern Alps is the r… The range contains New Zealand’s highest peaks. 18 December 2020 . But with the right conditions and the right location, the Aurora Australis will give you a night to remember. Other stars are partly obscured by a tree in the foreground. The Southern … The system is a relatively young one, with an estimated age of 8 to 11 million years. New Zealand is a relatively small country, with a population of little more than 4 million people. It was an important symbol to the Egyptians and the Aborigines among other cultures. national symbol, the Southern Cross is a name given to ships, The stars of the Southern Cross – Acrux (Alpha Crucis), Mimosa (Beta Crucis), Gacrux (Gamma Crucis), Imai (Delta Crucis), and Ginan (Epsilon Crucis) – form an asterism that really looks more like a kite than a cross. New Zealand is known for a lot of natural wonders, and Aurora Australis (The Southern Lights) has to be one of the most wonderful of all. It can be seen all year round from almost anywhere in the Australia. The Southern Cross was also found depicted on a stone engraving in Machu Picchu. The star is about 280 light years distant from the solar system. and high overhead, while on 1 October it is upside-down and low A Southern Cross Healthcare Group survey into the living habits of Kiwis has revealed that almost a quarter of us already feel tired or fatigued every day, with this rising to 36% among people under 30. Our work in New Zealand. New Zealand is a great place to start and raise a family. In the 18th century, it was believed that there was much more land south of the equator than had already been discovered. Like Ursa Major, whose bright pointer stars show the way to the North Star, the Southern Cross can be used to find the location of the Southern Celestial Pole, and has been used by navigators for centuries. the Milky Way galaxy. It’s important to understand whether you qualify for the Visiting New Zealand travel insurance policy or not. Aviators and sailors sometimes refer to this point as the “south polar pit” because there are no bright stars marking it. The constellation Crux lies exactly opposite to Cassiopeia and the two can never be visible in the sky at the same time. The Southern Cross is also featured prominently on the flags of several southern nations, including Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. β Crucis (Beta Crucis), or Becrux, is also known by a proper name, Mimosa. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 1 to 2. We have visited New Zealand four times and have personally done these top attractions. Like Mimosa, Delta Crucis is believed to be a Beta Cephei-type variable. hemisphere sky. The five stars of the Southern Cross are believed to be between 10 and 20 million years old. So New Zealand has a unique reason to feel attachment to the Southern Cross and to claim it as a national icon. Unbroken by any other continental landmass, the Southern Ocean’s narrowest constriction is the Drake Passage, 600 miles wide, between … The Coalsack is located approximately 600 light-years away from Earth in the southern part of the constellation of Crux (the Southern Cross).This seemingly starless dark patch is actually an opaque interstellar dust cloud that obscures the light of the background Milky Way stars. Composed of five stars forming the shape of a cross, it is the most distinctive feature of the constellation Crux, the smallest constellation in the sky. The purpose of the Southern Cross Medical Library is to provide information of a general nature to help you better understand certain medical conditions. This week, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Union (EU) agreed to join forces to support eight South East Asian countries … Alpha Crucis or Acrux, at the foot of the cross, is the "A lot of the law and the customs are recorded in the stars and the Southern Cross is very important for that." The Southern Cross or Crux, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere, is depicted on flags and coats of arms of various countries and sub-national entities. Below you can see the country’s territory marked in yellow. Gamma Crucis, at the top of the cross, is a red-orange Māori tribes have different traditions about these stars. New Zealand's first flag, the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, was adopted in 1834, six years before New Zealand's separation from New South Wales and creation as a separate colony following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Southern Ocean, the southern portions of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans and their tributary seas surrounding Antarctica. The flag’s proportion is 1:2, with three colors: red, blue, and white. Delta Crucis, at the western tip, is a blue-white giant To see the Southern Cross, one must be in the southern hemisphere, or at least as far south as 25°N, where the asterism is visible just above the southern horizon. It is thought Kupe reached New Zealand at Hokianga Harbour, in Northland, about 1070 years ago. Southern Alps, mountain range on South Island, New Zealand.It is the highest range in Australasia. Drive, bike, walk, public transport directions on map to Southern Cross Jewellers - HERE WeGo The central North Island is dominated by the Volcanic Plateau, an active volcanic and thermal area. The Aborigines and the Maori saw the cross as symbolizing animist spirits that were integral in their ancestral beliefs. In the South Pacific the date line swings east such that Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, Tonga, and New Zealand's Kermadec Islands have the same date but Samoa is one day earlier. The massive Southern Alps form the backbone of the South Island. Throughout the mountains there are many glacial valleys, many of which filled with glacial lakes. Crux is bordered by the constellations Centaurus (which surrounds it on three sides) on the east, north and west, and Musca to the south. National flags featuring the Southern Cross. Because the Southern Cross can be seen all year round, The Southern Cross appears in various forms on the national flags of four countries: New Zealand, Western Samoa, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. It lies at a distance of 228 light years from the solar system. ENSO influences rainfall, temperature, and wind patterns around the world, including New Zealand. It continued to be used regularly in New Zealand well into the 1950s, instead of, or in tandem with the New Zealand flag. It is really a multiple star system with a combined apparent magnitude of 0.77, making Acrux the 13th brightest star in the night sky. The Southern Cross But if you live south of the equator, it’s not the Big Dipper that people choose as their guide to the night sky. They will, however, mark the pole’s location around the year 8600, when the pole has gradually shifted to a point just east to the intersection of the cross-arms of the False Cross. At Southern Cross Travel Insurance, we've been providing great quality cover for people visiting New Zealand since 2003. Who better to protect you during your stay in New Zealand than one of the country's leading and most respected travel insurers? The first aeroplane to cross the Tasman Sea, in September 1928, was the Southern Cross,a three-engine Fokker, flown by Charles Kingsford Smith and C. T. P. Ulm. Observers south of 34°S can see Crux at any time of year, as the constellation is circumpolar for those latitudes: it never sets below the horizon. Access to the straits and … The rating scale is: AAA (Extremely Strong) AA (Very Strong) A (Strong) BBB (Good) BB (Marginal) B (Weak) CCC (Very Weak) CC (Extremely Weak) SD or D (Selective Default or Default) R (Regulatory Supervision) NR (Not Rated). Perhaps the colonists identified with the Christian connotations, and the idea that god was somehow watching over Australia. who recognised the shape of a cross. The Incas tell that the god Ataguchu, in a fit of temper, kicked the Milky Way and a fragment flew off, forming the Small Magellanic Cloud where it landed on the sky, and leaving the black mark of the Coalsack behind. The peninsula was important because it guarded the entrance to the Dardanelles Strait – a strategic waterway leading to the Sea of Marmara and, via the Bosphorus, the Black Sea. This was reduced to an estimated 7000 hectares (0.5% of original extent) by exploitation for timber or destruction by fire and clearance in the late 19th and early 20th century. The stars Alpha, Beta and Delta Crucis are co-moving members of the Scorpius-Centaurus Association, a young association of stars in the constellations Scorpius and Centaurus that belong to the spectral class O and B, have common proper motion, and are believed to have formed inside the same giant molecular cloud. In a wide-field image obtained with a Hasselblad 2000 FC camera by Claus Madsen (ESO), a region around the Southern Cross, seen in the right of the image (Kodak Ektachrome 200, 70 min exposure time). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. More News from WHO. The longer bar of the cross-shaped star pattern points almost exactly to the South Pole in the sky. Southern Cross Benefits Limited has an A (Strong) financial strength rating given by Standard & Poor's (Australia) Pty Ltd. Gamma Crucis is also sometimes called Rubidea, or Ruby-like, because of its colour. The New Zealand flag displays the Southern Cross. The Southern Cross in the night sky has guided travellers, intrigued astronomers and inspired poets and musicians. The NZEF’s wait in Egypt ended in early April 1915, when it was transported to the Greek island of Lemnos to prepare for the invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula. brightest star in the night sky. α Crucis (Alpha Crucis), also known as Acrux or HD 108248, is a bluish star that marks the bottom of the Southern Cross when you are facing south. years away, it is the furthest of the five stars from It was an important symbol to the Egyptians and the Aborigines among other cultures. The European Southern Observatory (ESO) has also acknowledged the significance of Crux as the foremost constellation of the southern skies, and has proudly incorporated the cross-shaped symbol into the ESO logo. Mimosa is thought to be the hottest first magnitude star. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. "A lot of the law and the customs are recorded in the stars and the Southern Cross is very important for that." Confirmation that the Cross has been found is the presence of two bright stars called the Pointers: Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri. The first documented example of discovery of the Southern Cross was found in Ancient Greece around 1000 BC. It too was for use at sea or in foreign ports, but it soon came ashore onto public buildings and commercial advertising. As the Southern Cross dominates Crux constellation, it is often confused for the constellation itself, which contains more than five stars. Both located in the North Island of New Zealand, Auckland is the largest city in New Zealand and Wellington is the Capital City of New Zealand. Alpha and Beta Centauri pointing to the Southern Cross, image: Edoddridge at wikipedia.org. Mimosa is the 19th brightest star in the sky and Deneb, the 20th. In New Zealand, type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly and in some regions is considered to have reached epidemic proportions. Ancient Greeks considered Crux to be a part of Centaurus constellation. Estimates of the extent of kauri forest before European settlement in New Zealand are between 1 million and 1.5 million hectares. opening in the sky that the winds blew through. The New Zealand flag depicts only the four brightest stars of the Cross, while the banners of the other nations also include the faintest fifth star (known as Epsilon Crucis). Following a line from Alpha to Beta Centauri will take you near Gamma Crucis, the top star in the cross asterism. The companion is believed to be a main sequence star belonging to the spectral class B2. Two of the brightest stars that form the cross, Alpha Crucis and Beta Crucis, are among the brightest stars in the sky and easily visible from the southern hemisphere. Epsilon Crucis is also known as Intrometida, or “the intrusive one” in Portuguese. The Southern Cross on the New Zealand flag only has four stars, while the Aussie one has six and is more astronomically correct, though any New Zealander will tell you that’s just the Australians being picky. Beta Crucis has an apparent magnitude of 1.25, almost the same as Deneb, the brightest star in Cygnus constellation and one of the stars that form the Northern Cross, a prominent asterism in the night sky in northern latitudes in the summer months. Brunier. The star is a rapid rotator, with a projected rotational velocity of 210 km/s. 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