Lived in pompous dream world surrounded by imperial court, high churchmen, and army leaders. French Republic started after the end of the Franco-Prussian War, which led to the demise of Napolean III, and survived until the invasion of the German third Reich. a warm water port, but the Turkish did not want Russia to go through the Dardanelles to get to it. Nickname given to the Ottoman Empire because of the frequent ethnic revolts and the rest of Europe picking away at it. France - France - The Second Republic and Second Empire: The overthrow of the constitutional monarchy in February 1848 still seems, in retrospect, a puzzling event. Disliked change, liberalism and progressivism. Second Empire, (1852–70) period in France under the rule of Emperor Napoleon III (the original empire having been that of Napoleon I). Bismarck had no intention of leaving it at that. This was Italy's most prosperous region, boasting a significant concentration of industrial production, fine sources of water power, and accessible markets. The Bourbon family’s rule of France wou… Though he was poorly educated, he appointed Count Camillo di Cavour as prime minister. Allied with Catholics and Vatican (which was not very conservative). Second Front in World War II (1939-45), a battlefront against fascist Germany, which was opened by the USA and Great Britain on June 6, 1944, with the incursion of their troops into northwestern France. A palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris; it was home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Second republic definition, the republic established in France in 1848 and replaced by the Second Empire in 1852. I was led on from the Revolution and Napoleon to Louis Napoleon and the Second Empire because it seemed to me that the Restoration monarchies of 1815-48, however different in temper, formed together an interlude in post-revolutionary French history; whereas the Second Empire was the direct sequel of the First Empire, and the natural transition from the First to the Third Republic. (1849-1878) He was the king of Piedmont-Sardinia and wanted to unify Italy by gradually extending his control over the peninsula. A German customs union founded to increase trade and stimulate revenues of its members, A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group, a final blow or shot given to kill a wounded person or animal. 1918 - Battle of Chateau-Thierry - July 18th The combined French and American force (largely American) succeeds in taking the Germans by surprise. 1867 Parliament passed this which established Canadian nation-the Dominion of Canada-with its own constitution. 1808-1889) First and only president of the Confederate States of America after the election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860 led to the secession of many southern states. Settled by the CONVENTION OF GASTEIN. French North Africa covered three territories: the Protectorates of Morocco in the west and Tunisia in the East, with Algeria in the centre. Military disaster thus forced him and his ministers along the path of rapid social change and general modernization. A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal. It involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers: Eventually forming two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. Early in reign he emphasized centralization and material progress. Architect of Italian unification in 1858; formed an alliance with France to attack Austrian control of northern Italy; resulted in creation of constitutional monarchy under Piedmontese king, A war fought in the middle of the nineteenth century between Russia on one side and Turkey, Britain, and France on the other. the equivalent of ) Germanization. Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of France in 1804, 11 years after King Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects. The first land threat to the young United States was in essence the second phase of the Revolutionary War — a rematch between the British Empire and the young United States in the War of 1812. the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France. He was crowned King of Italy on 24 April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Rome. When Turkey refused, Russia sent troops into Ottoman territory. A group of territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870. The proximate cause of the demise of the Second Empire was France's defeat at the hands of Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War. The king from 1949-1878 was Victor Emmanuel II. second reich Frederick Barbarossa (German: Friedrich I., Italian: Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick I, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death 35 years later. seven weeks, Prussia annexed several north German states, Prussia's victory angers napoleon III, aftermath: Italy acquired Venetia in a deal with Bismarck, Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 until 1871, when he became chancellor of Germany. Seated Germany's lower house of Parlimrent, it burned in 1933 and Hitler blamed it on the communist, this event led to Hitler becoming the absolute dictator in Germany. another name for the German Empire, united by Bismarck in 1871. The bureaucracy was modeled after that of the French revolutionary and Napoleonic eras. On 2 September the French forces in Sedan surrendered, and Prussia invaded France. On 19 September the siege of Paris began, and the first troops arrived at Versailles. embodies French nationalism; hates socialists, unions, Church; sought accommodation with Germany; launches campaign against militarism-- some want to increase term of service from two to three years; reforms stopped by Second Moroccan Crisis, which increased nationalism again, a/f Franco-Prussian war, gov't removes cannons; socialists see this as gov't removing their weapons; Commune gains power as alternative to central gov't, near end of Paris Siege, Versailles forces lead Commune supporters to back of this cemetery and execute them-- Thiers wanted to teach them a lesson; NOW: site of memory and symbol of too much gov't power-- crucial in historical development, Historians' interpretation of Paris Commune, they weren't really socialists (didn't take over Bank of France; only marginal reforms)-- just a patriotic reactions to outsell the Germans; what was scary was specter of the red flag; NG: importance was that it showed futility of 19th century model of revolution-- barricades and ideological protests, 2/3rd are monarchists (1/2 legitimists, 1/2 Orleanists) with 1/3 republicans, support Count of Chambord; defined by fidelity and belief; French ID is Church, aristocracy, and monarchy; revolutions show stability is needed-- moral order with people resp for one another, symbols for 'timeless truths' of Church, aristocracy, monarchy; without flag, Chambord is old man with lame leg, follow LP's line to throne and support pretender; sees monarchy as useful, but just a regime-- major diff fr Legitimists; GOAL: parliamentary rule with smaller electorate (similar to July Monarchy), built w/ public subscription by monarchists to remind Parisians of their sins (liberty, equality, fraternity), passes by one vote b/c Orleanists vote with moderate Repubs-- see President only as temporary regime (a/f childless Chambord dies, throne goes to Orleans); President will be elected via Senate and Chamber of Deputies, limited role due to fear of a Napoleon-like figure rising up; essentially chairman of the board to the Chamber of Deputies, led by Gambetta and republicans in the Chamber; bishops are seen as overreaching their role as clergy and subverting France's core values of hard work, thrift, work well done; political newspapers furthered nationalist fervor against Church; brings together diff people to form alliance against Church, Transformation of lower classes into Frechmen, new education teaches values of hard work, individualism and creates new middle class elite; create Bastille Day to rival Church in ceremony; use Marianne as symbol of French gov't taking care of needs (edifices, water supply, roads) and create loyalty to republic; BUT: workers don't share same values, turn towards unions that want revolution, maintains vague political platform; goes to peasants, middle class, working class areas to get support, get elected, and then resign; draws on nationalist, anti-Semite anger, nationalism shifts left to right with more anti-Semitism; he aligns elements of left and right against the center (portend of the 20th century); gov't pursues softer policy with the Church until Dreyfus Affair. In its early years (1852–59), the empire was authoritarian but enjoyed economic growth and pursued a favourable foreign policy. Settlement gave Schleswig to Prussia and Holstein to Austria. "realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles. The French Second Republic was the republican government of France between the 1848 Revolution and the 1851 coup by Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte that initiated the Second Empire. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Fearing increased Russian power and an upset to the balance of power on the Continent, Great Britain and France declared war on Russia on March 28, 1854. Founding of the Second Republic. It officially adopted the motto Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité. In the decade after the second world war, as Britain struggled to square its diminishing empire with belt-tightening measures at home, it found time … In 1864 , a law according the right to strike was passed, with the condition that workers were free to decide themselves whether they participated or not. 5 of the worst atrocities carried out by the British Empire. On 5 October Wilhelm I and Bismarck entered the city and prepared the proclamation of the German Empire in the Palace. This new tsar (r. 1855-1881), told the serf owners that it would be better if reform of serfdom came from above. Start studying France's Second Empire and Third Republic. September 2, 1870. That the British navy could outmatch anything the Americans could float was obvious, and the naval blockade was crushing to an economy dependent upon coastal traffic. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. (E. from 1815-1871) souther Italian who was nationalistic and charismatic- created Red Shirt army to rebel and unify Italy under himself, Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882), Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882), This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary, This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary, This was the man who planned the reconstruction of Paris, Prussian, conservative, land-owning class, Muslims who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and established Hungary. Austrian archduke proclaimed emperor of Mexico as a result of French intervention in 1862; after the French withdrawal he was executed in 1867. Napoleon surrendered and taken prisoner. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Hapsburg emperor of Austria 1848-1916. This was distasteful to the Magyars of Hungary since it was tantamount (i.e. Bismarck really wanted both territories for Prussia. A nineteenth-century French painter, one of the originators of Impressionism. RUssia was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed. The Second Empire Art In France Under Napoleon Iii If you ally infatuation such a referred the second empire art in france under napoleon iii books that will present you worth, get the entirely best seller from us currently from several preferred authors. The Second French Empire (French: Second Empire), officially the French Empire (French: Empire français), was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.. compromise worked out by Ferenc Deak, moderate Hungarian; Hungary and Austria seperate states with own constitution shared ministeries of finance, defense, foreign affairs but seperate in all other things. He is the author of Race and War in France: Colonial Subjects in the French Army, 1914-1918, and co-editor of Empires in World War I: Shifting Frontiers and Imperial Dynamics in a Global Conflict. Under the Second Empire, Napoleon III pursued social policies aimed at softening the negative effects that rapid industrial development in France had had on the workers. His Luncheon on the Grass, showing two clothes men and a naked woman picnicking, shocked the public of his day. 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