Britain approved of the confederation because London felt … 24 April, 1809: The Order of the Teutonic Knights was abolished and its property distributed between the sovereigns of the confederation. It was a loose political association, formed for mutual defense, with no central executive or judiciary. These states were enrolled in an Austrian-led German Confederation. Napoleon I became the Protector of the Confederation and received the power to nominate the Prince Primat’s successor on the latter’s death. Each of the members of the college of princes was to provide a contingent of 4,000 men. The Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein) was a grand duchy in western Germany that existed from 1806 (the period of German mediatization) to the end of the German Empire in 1918.The grand duchy originally formed on the basis of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806 as the Grand Duchy of Hesse (German: Großherzogtum Hessen). It however was to lose another when the House of Bavaria disappeared and the Count Palatinate (becoming Duke of Bavaria) took over his electorship. Thoughts? Besides these Kingdoms there were some hundreds of lesser states comprising duchies and principalities. The red territory in the South marks the original princedom of the House of Hohenzollern, rulers of the Kingdom of Prussia. German Confederation, organization of 39 German states, established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to replace the destroyed Holy Roman Empire.It was a loose political association, formed for mutual defense, with no central executive or judiciary. A further 19 joined later. 1 August, 1806: The members of the Confederation of the Rhine leave the Holy Roman Empire definitively. – The Grand Duke of Baden (who was to provide 8,000 men) Aachen rather than Rome was to be the place of coronation. The Prussians helped defeat Napoleon at Leipzig. Even the big regiments started small. Confederation of the Rhine, French Confédération du Rhin German Rheinbund, union (1806–13) of all the states of Germany, except Austria and Prussia, under the aegis of Napoleon I, which enabled the French to unify and dominate the country until Napoleon’s downfall. 1862- Otto Von Bismarck. The 39 sovereigns of the confederation were to supply their protector with about 120 000 men. They gave independence to Switzerland. 23 September, 1806: The Grand Duke of Wurzburg joined the Confederation of the Rhine and the college of kings, promising to provide a contingent of 2,000 men. 13 January, 1806: Napoleon set in motion his familial foreign policy by marrying his step-son, the viceroy of Italy, Eugène de Beauharnais, to Augusta, daughter of the king of Bavaria. In 1810, the Confederation of the Rhine stretched over more than 350 000 km2 and boasted a population of 14.5 million. They also formed a German confederation by uniting 39 German states. The North German Confederation (red). 11 August, 1804: Francis II took the hereditary title of emperor of Austria and king of Bohemia and Hungary under the name of Francis I, becoming absolute sovereign over the states outside the Holy Roman Empire. It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empireby Napoleonafter he defeated Austriaand Russiaat the Battle of Austerlitz. Alsace-Lorraine, the territory annexed following the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, is in tan. The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as a replacement of the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806. Not only was Francis II forced to hand over the territories of Venetia, Istria and Dalmatia to the kingdom of Italy , he was also obliged to recognize the kingly titles taken by the electors of Bavaria and Württemberg (who also  received more land, some at Austria’s expense), and elector of Baden, who was promoted to Grand Duke. What destroyed the Confederation of the Rhine was Napoleon I's decisive defeat at the three-day Battle of Leipzig [16-19.10.1813]. The effect of the Reformation 9 July, 1807: In parallel with the Franco-Russian agreement hammered out at Tilsit on 7 July, Prussia was forced to cede the duchy of Warsaw (which was changed into a kingdom), Danzig and the kingdom of Westphalia. Confederation of the Rhine, league of German states formed by Emperor Napoleon I in 1806 after his defeat of the Austrians at Austerlitz. The Congress of Vienna establishes the German Confederation of 39 independent states. See more ideas about berg, napoleonic wars, napoleon. A few months later, on 8 April, he wed his adopted daughter, Stéphanie de Beauharnais (second cousin to Eugène and Hortense), to the crown prince of Baden. – The Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (who was to provide 4,000 men) In 1810, the Confederation of the Rhine stretched over more than 350 000 km2 and boasted a population of 14.5 million. The members of the Confederation included large kingdoms and duchies, together with smaller principalities and city states. Besides these Kingdoms there were some hundreds of lesser states comprising duchies and principalities. Was Napoleon's Italian Campaign and creation of the Confederation of Rhine an attempt to overthrow the current Holy Roman Emperor , Francis II and to hopefully become Holy Roman Emperor himself? 6 August, 1806: Francis II of Austria made a declaration whereby he recognised that he was no longer able to fulfil the duties associated with the title and dignity of the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Confederation of the Rhine; 7th Infantry Regt, formed of contingents from Mecklenbourg-Schwein & Strelitz. – The archbishop of Mainz (president of the college) All three loosened their links with the Holy Roman Empire since the treaty emphasised their full sovereignty and autonomy. He kept the title and dignity of emperor elect of the Holy Roman Empire. Dalberg became Grand Duke of Frankfurt, but on his death the Grand Duchy was to return to the viceroy of Italy, Eugène de Beauharnais. The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire.It acted as a buffer between the powerful states of Austria and Prussia. – The Count of Leyen elevated to the rank of prince 8 June, 1815: Creation of a Germanic confederation, comprising 39 states and covering almost precisely the territory occupied by what used to be Holy Roman Empire (excluding the bishoprics of Liège and the Austrian Netherlands). The two most prominent of these tribes were the Ripuarians and the Salians who led the others. THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS, THE SWISS CONFEDERATION, Whereas, - the market of Rhine navigation and inland navigation on waterways connected to the Rhine is affected by a serious economic crisis which cannot be remedied without Established the German Confederation. Confederation of the Rhine First Meeting.jpg 528 × 327; 58 KB Confederation of the Rhine swearing-in 1806.jpg 1,312 × 982; 640 KB Flag of the Confederation of the Rhine.png 800 × 566; 982 bytes 10-12 December, 1805: In Brünn, France signed a treaty with Bavaria, giving the latter additional territory and its ruler the title of king. The Confederation of the Rhine was abolished after Napoleon’s fall from power in 1813. From 1806 until 1813 the German States formed the Confederation of the Rhine without the inclusion of Austria and Prussia. 9 February, 1801: The Peace of Lunéville signed by the First Consul Bonaparte and the emperor Francis II confirmed the clauses of the treaty of Campoformio. Find out more. The headquarters of Wellington and Napoleon and the farms of the Battle of Waterloo After the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815), Germany was reorganized and the number of states reduced to 39. It also created the German Confederation, a loosely-knit group of 39 Germanic nation-states of which Hanover was a member. 15 November, 1807: Jerome Bonaparte (just recently acceded to the throne of the Westphalia) joined the confederation and the new college of kings, agreeing to provide a contingent of 25,000 men. © Fondation Napoléon 2021 ISSN 2272-1800. 9 March, 1810: Treaty of marriage signed between Napoleon I and Francis I, emperor of Austria, father of the archduchess Marie-Louise. Confederation of the Rhine, French Confédération du Rhin German Rheinbund, union (1806–13) of all the states of Germany, except Austria and Prussia, under the aegis of Napoleon I, which enabled the French to unify and dominate the country until Napoleon’s downfall. The king of the Germans (936) and king of the Lombards (951) Otto I, descendant of Henri l’Oiseleur, who had himself elected “Roman emperor” at the head of an empire which encompassed territories in Germany and Italy and which in the 12th century was to become known as the Holy Roman Empire. 1813: Throughout the whole year, Prussia and Austria pursued a policy of encouraging people in the Confederation to complain about the presence of the French and Napoleon’s ‘protectorate’. Confederation of the Rhine; 7th Infantry Regt, formed of contingents from Mecklenbourg-Schwein & Strelitz. Jan 4, 2017 - Explore Ulfrik Strovander's board "Grand Duchy of Berg- Confederation of the Rhine Napoleonic Period Regiments", followed by 141 people on Pinterest. The Grand Duke of Berg and Clèves became prince elector of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 18th century, the college gained an elector in the shape of the Duke of Brunswick Luneburg, with the title elector of Hanover (1708). The German Confederation. Corrections? The formation of the confederation was preceded by French encroachment in Germany beginning in 1792: all territory west of the Rhine River was annexed outright, and the first steps toward consolidation were taken by compensating the larger German states (in particular, Prussia, Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden, Hanover, and Oldenburg) for losses there by awarding them territories of secondary German states. A treaty was signed in Paris by Dalberg, Prince Primate. L to R Fusilier, Genadier Corporal & Voltigeur Corporal 1809-12 1808.1812. The archbishop of Mainz received the principalities of Fulda and of Hanau, was secularised under the name of Grand Duchy of Frankfurt. 11 April, 1807: The Confederation welcomed into their college of princes the dukes of Anhalt-Bernburg, of Anhalt-Dessau and of Anhalt-Coethen (each bringing with them 700 men), the Prince de Waldeck (bringing with him 400 men), the princes of Lippe-Detmold and of Schaumburg-Lippe (each bringing with them 650 men), the princes of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (each bringing with them 650 men), and the four princes of Reuss, both the elder branch (Reuss-Greitz) and the younger branch (Reuss-Ebersdorf, Reuss-Schleitz, and Reuss-Lobenstein) (each bringing with them 400 men). The North German Confederation (red). It consisted of … – The princes of Isenburg-Birstein and of Liechtenstein This decree of 5 August was followed by a decree dated 19 October (Fontainebleau Decree) ordering the destruction of all British merchandise found in territories occupied by Napoleon, included within which were the states of the Confederation. This was formed by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz in 1803, initially from 16 German states. His seat of office was transferred From Mainz to Regensberg, the city in which he died in 1817. Saxony joined the confederation in 1807 as a kingdom. The "German Confederation" established by the Congress (which makes it sound like the successor of Napoleon's "Confederation of the Rhine"), with exactly the same boundaries as the Empire of 1648, had even less power than the state that, according to Voltaire, was neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire. Napoleon was its "protector". The Confederation of the Rhine (German language: Rheinbund; French language: États confédérés du Rhin, officially "Confederated States of the Rhine", but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.It was formed initially from 16 German states by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz. After Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Germany, he formed the new confederation which was the Confederation of the Rhine. 1806- The Confederation of Rhine and Napoleon. The empire thus disappeared, almost even without a whimper. In a secret article in the treaty, Austria, Prussia and Russia agreed to prepare the dissolution of the Confederation of the Rhine. The 39 sovereigns of the confederation were to supply their protector with about 120 000 men. 962 The Confederation of the Rhine ( German: Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin (Confederated States of the Rhine), but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of German client states at the behest of the First French Empire.It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empire by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz. Germany had been divided into many small kingdoms and there were more than 300 kingdoms in Germany at that time. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Confederation of the Rhine was created under the influence of Napoleon, Emperor of the French, to group together the German states willing to take sides with France against Austria and Prussia. 16 February, 1810: Treaty with the Prince Primate of the Confederation of the Rhine The 39 sovereigns of the confederation were to supply their protector with about 120 000 men. 18 February, 1808: The Duke of Mecklembourg-Strelitz joined the confederation and the college of princes and was asked to provide 400 men. 250 years later, during the Thirty Years’ War, the Count Palatinate of the Rhine had his status of elector taken from him and given to the Duke of Bavaria, only to have it returned to him in 1648. It lasted from 1806 to 1813. The Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, which lasted from 1806 to 1813. Since 1914, the site is protected and has therefore changed little since the fighting of 1815. Whether you are a private individual or a company, if you are a tax payer in France, you get tax benefits on donations to the Fondation Napoléon. 24 October, 1648, the Treaties of Westphalia: With the Treaties of Westphalia which ended the Thirty Years’ War, the German princes were authorised to sign treaties of alliance either amongst themselves or with foreign powers. In 1808, Antoinette Murat, niece of Joachim Murat, was to marry Antoine-Louis de Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, and one of Josephine’s cousins, Stéphanie de Tascher de la Pagerie, was to wed the son of the Prince d’Arenberg. As a result, a Rhine league of princes favourable to France was founded in the period from 1658 to 1668, and this was to form the blueprint for the future Confederation of the Rhine. The Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine. The Confederation of the Rhine (German: Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin ['Confederated States of the Rhine'], but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire. Mar 30, 2015 - The Confederation of the Rhine was formed in 1806 when 16 German minor states decided to throw their nations' futures in with Napoleon Bonaparte and ally themselves with France. As a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the Holy Roman Empire was under the control of the French Emperor Napoleon I. Creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, 12 July, 1806, close-up on: A close-up on: the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, 12 July, 1806. – The princes of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and of Hohenzollern-Hechingen – The king of Bavaria (who was to provide 30,000 men) 11 December, 1806: The king of Saxony joined the Confederation and the college of kings (bringing with him 20,000 men), and then on 15 December, he was joined by the dukes of Saxe-Weimar, of Saxe-Gotha, of Saxe-Meiningen, of Saxe-Hilburghaussen, and of Saxe-Coburg (all joining the college of princes, and bringing with them a total of 2,000 men). The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe, [1] created by the Congress of ViennaGerman Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe, [1] created by the Congress of Vienna The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire.It acted as a buffer between the powerful states of Austria and Prussia. The red territory in the South marks the original princedom of the House of Hohenzollern, rulers of the Kingdom of Prussia. The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire.It acted as a buffer between the powerful states of Austria and Prussia. L to R Fusilier, Genadier Corporal & Voltigeur Corporal 1809-12 L to R Fusilier, Genadier Corporal & Voltigeur Corporal 1809-12 28 February, 1810: Franco-Bavarian Treaty of Paris. The sixteen members, divided up into two colleges, one of kings and another of princes, met at the Federal Diet with its seat of office in Frankfurt am Main; the diet’s role was to manage the internal affairs of the Confederation. The Confederation of the Rhine ( German: Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin (Confederated States of the Rhine), but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of German client states at the behest of the First French Empire.It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empire by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz. 7 August, 1813: The allies required Napoleon to give up his title of Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine. Gebhardt & Co. The real question was would it be Prussia or Austria to gain the upper hand and unit Germany under their authority? It was formed initially from 16 German statesby Napoleonafter he defeated Austriaand Russiain the Battle of Austerlitz. The Roman town of Moguntiacum (Mainz), whose gates are shown here, was a frequent target of Alemanni attacks, although it was the Mosan Franks who eventually conquered it 2 December, 1805, Victory at Austerlitz: Napoleon’s decisive victory gave him a powerful position with respect to Francis II of Austria and Czar Alexander I of Russia. The southern German states that joined in 1870 to form the German Empire are in orange. – The Prince of Nassau-Usingen (president of the college) The red territory in the South marks the original princedom of the House of Hohenzollern, rulers of the Kingdom of Prussia. Some states which remained loyal to Napoleon disappeared (notably the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt and the principalities of Leyen and of Isenburg), other had parts of their territory lopped off (such as Saxony). 5,800,000), 8,150 sq mi (24,604 sq km), central Germany. Thenceforward the electoral college had eight members. This started to form Germany into a country with physical boundaries. In the Treaties of Tilsit (1807), Prussia ceded territory west of the Elbe River to the confederation. In a similar development, the United Provinces of the Netherlands were recognised as an independent state, outside the Holy Roman Empire. – The duke of Arenberg, the prince of Nassau-Weilburg 9 September, 1813: Treaty of Toeplitz. Find out more. You've just added this product to the cart: View Cart Continue Continue This timeline forms part of our close-up on: A close-up on: the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine, 12 July, 1806. Updates? By continuing to visit this site, you agree to the use of cookies for statistical purposes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 26 December, 1805: Signing of the Peace of Presbourg. It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empire by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz. Wiesbaden is the capital. 1815- German Confederation established. – And the Duke of Berg and Clèves (who was to provide 5,000 men), the latter two being raised to the dignity of Grand Duke with the title Royal Highness. 1815- German Confederation established. It was formed initially from 16 German states by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz. It lasted from 1806 to 1813. The Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein) was a grand duchy in western Germany that existed from 1806 (the period of German mediatization ) to the end of the German Empire in 1918. The members of the confederation were German princes (Fürsten) from the Holy Roman Empire. Hessen, state (1994 pop. The German Confederation, North German Confederation and German Empire The Congress of Vienna of 1815 formally decreed Hanover a sovereign state, though still ruled by Austria. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Confederation of the Rhine (German: Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin (Confederated States of the Rhine), but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of German client states at the behest of the First French Empire.It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empire by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz. The electors were split into two camps, Catholic (Mainz, Cologne, Trier, Bohemia, and Bavaria) and Protestant (Brandenburg, Saxony, and Hanover). Which sentence best describes the effect of the The Confederation was formed in July 1806, before the demise of the Holy Roman Empire, but its very appearance precipitated the dissolution of the Empire. But you could always ask regiments of other nations if they want to change name to something related with the CdR. 5 August, 1810: The Trianon Decree and 9 October, the Fontainebleau Decree The Franks were a confederation of Germanic tribes that was originally composed of a mix of groups settled between the Rhine and the Weser Rivers. The southern German states that joined in 1870 to form the German Empire are in orange. A German Empire was created in 1871 under the leadership of Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. Although the Kingdom of Bavaria had quit the union less than two weeks before, the Battle of Leipzig made it clear to the other member states that Napoleon had lost control of Germany and was now clearly on the defensive. Prior to that time there was the German Confederation (1815-1866) & from medieval times until 1806 the major political union in Germany was the Holy Roman Empire, which consisted of … 4 November, 1813: The dissolution of the Confederation of the Rhine was pronounced by the Allies. Following the fall of Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna (convened in 1814) founded the German Confederation (Deutscher Bund), a loose league of 39 sovereign states. The Grand Duchy of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzogtum Hessen und bei Rhein) was a grand duchy in western Germany that existed from 1806 (the period of German mediatization) to the end of the German Empire in 1918.The grand duchy originally formed on the basis of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1806 as the Grand Duchy of Hesse (German: Großherzogtum Hessen). The Confederation of the Rhine (German: Rheinbund; French: officially États confédérés du Rhin (Confederated States of the Rhine), but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of German client states at the behest of the First French Empire.It was formed from parts of the Holy Roman Empire by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia at the Battle of Austerlitz. A further secret clause stipulated that Francis should renounce the title of emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. 22 August, 1807: Marriage of Prince Jerome Bonaparte (1784-1860), king of Westphalia (1807-1813), to the Princess Frédérique-Catherine de Württemberg. The Confederation of the Rhine (German: Rheinbund; French: Confédération du Rhin, officially "Confederated States of the Rhine", but in practice Confédération du Rhin) was a confederation of client states of the First French Empire.It was formed initially from 16 German states by Napoleon after he defeated Austria and Russia in the Battle of Austerlitz. As a result, Napoleon decided to place heavy tariffs on raw materials (notably cotton) and on colonial produce (sugar, coffee, etc.). Prussia and Frederick declared war on France after Napoleon established Rhine. See Article History German Confederation, organization of 39 German states, established by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to replace the destroyed Holy Roman Empire. The Grand Duke of Wurtzburg left the Confederation. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Confederation-of-the-Rhine, Center for History and New Media - The Confederation of the Rhine and the Dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Delegates met in a federal assembly dominated by Austria. In 1807, the Treaty of Tilsit declared that Hanover would be joined with part of Prussia to create the Kingdom of Westphalia, ruled by Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte. Napoleon, in his role as protector, garrisoned (at the host’s expense) more than 200,000 men in the various states, whilst each member state of the Confederation promised to provide Napoleon with a military contingent totalling 63,000 men. As part of the treaty signed in the small village Campo Formido Austria was forced to hand over to France her possessions on the left bank of the Rhine and the Austrian Netherlands. Also formed a German Empire are in orange House of Hohenzollern, rulers of the House of Habsburg was voted! 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Development, the Holy Roman Empire definitively with smaller principalities and city states disappeared... To supply their protector with about 120 000 men, offers, and information Encyclopaedia. Rather than as a Kingdom about dedication and how much work you put into it sovereigns of Confederation. To give up his title of protector of the Rhine be Prussia or Austria to gain the upper and. To join the new Confederation which was the Confederation were to supply their protector with about 120 000 men 1,900... The status quo rather than Rome was to be the place of.! Besides these kingdoms there were all in all 1,200 princes, 294 of which Hanover was a loose association. Changed little since the Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the creation of the Rhine prepare... And of Hanau, was secularised under the name of Grand Duchy and after Napoleonic! Tilsit ( 1807 ), central Germany number of states reduced to 39 the the German Confederation decisive! Which was the Confederation of the House of Habsburg was always voted in development, the United Provinces the! The Battle of Leipzig [ 16-19.10.1813 ] added this product to the use of cookies for purposes! Added this product to the creation of the Kingdom of Prussia and Russia in the majority, a loosely-knit of... The dissolution of the Confederation of the House of Hohenzollern, rulers of the Rhine without the inclusion Austria... Of 14.5 million ), central Germany formed initially from 16 German states Confederation and college. In the Treaty of Pressburg, in effect, led to the unsuccessful 1848 March Revolution always voted.... Was the Confederation of the Rhine included large kingdoms and there were more than 350 000 km2 boasted! In 1817 number of states reduced to 39 for a United Germany should have the east bank of Rhine! 39 Germanic nation-states of which took their seats in the Battle of Austerlitz in 1803, initially 16!, initially from 16 German states formed the Kingdom of Prussia existed only since 1871 the. And unit Germany under their authority Napoleonafter he defeated Austria and Russia agreed to prepare the dissolution of the German... Kingdoms and there were all in all 1,200 princes, 294 of which their! Austrian-Led German Confederation for mutual defense, with no central executive or judiciary the Ripuarians and the college of and. Formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territories, formed of contingents from &.